Medical & Health Sciences

Research Papers/Topics in Medical & Health Sciences

Gastric Juice as a Diagnostic Sample

Gastric juice is a digestive fluid formed in the stomach and is composed of hydrochloric acid (HCl), potassium chloride (KCl) and sodium chloride (NaCl). Gastric juice analysis is performed by measuring and assessing the contents of a fasting patient’s stomach for acidity, appearance and volume; results from this test may help evaluate suspected peptic ulcer, severe gastritis, Zollinger-Ellison (Z-E) syndrome, H pylori and gastric cancer. However, X-rays and other studies are recommen...

Evaluation of Radiographer`s Knowledge in Management of Unconscious Patient in Radiology Departments in Awka and Nnewi Metropolis Anambra State

TABLE OF CONTENTSTitle Page                                                                                                    iApproval Page                                                                                           iiCertification Page                            ...

ASSESSMENT OF THE PROBLEM OF SOLID WASTE MANAGEMENT: CASE STUDY OF PORT HARCOURT METROPOLIS

                                                                            ABSTRACTThe analysis of the problem of solid waste management  associated with Port Harcourt Metropolis in developing countries, like Nigeria, have become pronounced in recent years as a result of urbanization and inadequate disposal of waste. This paper examines the current method of waste disposal in Port Harcourt city area of River St...

The Placebo Effect and Therapy on Memory and Learning With Clinical Pointers

This paper attempts to describe the placebo effect and therapy using various tools like the placebo arm, response, effect, therapy, block, psychology  and reflex using a mathematical construct in the form of formulae deduced by a common understanding of the anatomy of the placebo process. The applications of the psychology considers the expectation theory and expectations violations theory from which the violation valence can be determined. These on a broad spectrum presents the possible int...

ANC

Antenatal care (ANC) is the care a pregnant woman receives during her pregnancy through a series of consultations with trained health care workers such as midwives, nurses, and sometimes a doctor who specializes in pregnancy and birth. According to the WHO (2014), a teenager (adolescent, youth or young person) is a person aged between thirteen (13) and nineteen (19) years. Thus, a person aged between 13 and 19 years and pregnant can be termed as a pregnant teenager, and in every society...

Knowledge, expectations and beliefs of pregnant women on antenatal ultrasound.

ABSTRACTPurpose of the studyThis study investigated pregnant women’s awareness of antenatal ultrasound, their knowledge of its benefits, their beliefs on the scan, their expectations from the scan as well as their feelings after the scan so as to uncover the reasons behind underutilisation of antenatal ultrasound at Parirenyatwa Group of Hospitals and Harare hospiatal.MethodologyThe study was a descriptive cross sectional study of pregnant women visiting antenatal clinics at Harare ho...

Effect and habit of sleep deprivation among medical student

In a world where streets level are raising exposure to natural sunlight is diminishing, and technology is leading to constant demand of everybody’s attention, it’s no surprise that so many people struggle is get enough sleep. What does it mean to be sleep deprived? What are some of the negative effects of sleep deprivation? 

EFFECTS OF GNETUM AFRICANUM WELW. AND OCIMUM GRATISSIMUM LINN. AQUEOUS LEAF EXTRACTS ON THE HAEMATOLOGICAL AND BIOCHEMICAL CHANGES IN CYANIDE-TREATED RATTUS RATTUS

ABSTRACTCyanide toxicity is of public health concern. Cyanide is among the most potent and deadly poisons and sources of potential human exposure to it are numerous, arising through its release into the environment from both natural and anthropogenic sources. Gnetum Africanum (GA) and Ocimum Gratissimum (OG) which contain essential amino acids required to abate cyanide toxicity effects, are widely used local plants for both nutritional and therapeutic purposes in Nigeria. There is dearth of i...

DESIGN AND IMPLEMENTATION OF A WEB-BASED DIETICIAN SYSTEM ABSTRACT

DESIGN AND IMPLEMENTATION OF A WEB-BASED DIETICIAN SYSTEM ABSTRACT A few centuries ago, one might not have needed to keep fit or eat healthily. Today a lot of diseases and sickness are rampant due to obesity, malnutrition and not eating a balanced diet meal. In the 21st century, information is moving at the speed of light and people need to gain access to a system that recommends a meal plan for its use according to individual needs. In today’s world, where access to see a dietician is a bi...

EFFECT OF AQUEOUS EXTRACT OF Cola nitida ON NORMAL DEVELOPMENT OF DISTAL GASTROINTESTINAL TRACT

Background: Normal and abnormal development of anorectum is still under debate. Etiology of abnormal development of anorectum is poorly understood. Caffeine is a vasoconstrictor that has been implicated in abnormal anorectal development and is a major constituent of Kola nut (Cola nitida). It is consumed heavily by pregnant women in Nigeria to control vomiting. Objectives: We examined the teratogenic effects of oral administration of aqueous extract of Cola nitida (AECON) on foetal growth an...

ANTIBACTERIAL ACTIVITY OF HONEY ON Streptococcus pyogenes, Escherichia coli AND Staphylococcus aureus ISOLATED FROM BURN WOUNDS OF PATIENTS ATTENDING ST. MARY’S HOSPITAL LACOR

The growing threat and spread of antibiotic resistance by a wide range of common pathogens has led to increased investigations into traditional medicinal plants as alternatives. Honey has been used as a medicine since ancient times in many cultures and is still used in ‘folk medicine’. The moist environment of chronic wounds is an ideal growth medium for bacteria thereby causing delay in healing. Honey is commonly used as a topical antibacterial agent in most cases to complement th...

KNOWLEDGE AND PRACTICE OF EMERGENCY CONTRACEPTION AMONG FEMALE UNDERGRADUATES OF UNIVERSITY OF NIGERIA, ENUGU CAMPUS

ABSTRACTEmergency contraception is a method of contraception that is used to prevent pregnancy after unprotected sexual intercourse. This study was undertaken to determine the knowledge and practice of emergency contraception among female undergraduates in University of Nigeria, Enugu Campus. This study was carried out to determine the level of knowledge of emergency contraception, identify the sources of information on emergency contraception, determine the practice of emergency contraceptio...

ZIKA VIRUS INFECTION: A CURRENT GLOBAL THREAT TO MATERNAL AND CHILD HEALTH

ABSTRACT Zika virus disease is a mosquito-borne disease caused by Zika virus which causes in general a mild febrile illness with maculopapular rash. Aedes mosquitoes are considered as main vectors. Zika virus infection, at present, is one of the greatest concerns of medical personnels. Though it has been reported for quite a longtime, its rapid emergence, new modes of transmission, and more importantly, the new modes of transmission, and more importantly, the congenital anomalies a...

PREVALENCE AND IMPACT OF PRIMARY DYSMENORRHEA ON FEMALE STUDENTS IN UNIVERSITY OF NIGERIA ENUGU CAMPUS

ABSTRACTDysmenorrhoea is the most common gynaecologic complaint and the leading cause of recurrent short-term school or work absenteeism among female adolescents and young adults. This study was undertaken to determine the prevalence and impact of dysmenorrhea among female students in University of Nigeria, Enugu Campus. The study was carried out to, determine the prevalence of primary dysmenorrhea, amongst the students, elicit the predisposing factors to dysmenorrhea, assess the impact of dy...

Seroprevalence of Bluetongue Antibodies and Associated Risk Factors in Sheep and Goats in Sokoto State Nigeria

ABSTRACTPrevalence and distribution of bluetongue virus (BTV) antibodies in sheep and goats in Sokoto State are reported. This study aimed to determine the prevalence of BTV antibodies and to identify the potential risk factors associated with BTV infection among sheep and goats in Sokoto State, Nigeria. A total of 368 blood samples were collected randomly from four localities in Sokoto State. The serum samples were screened for bluetongue virus (BTV) antibodies using a commercial competitive...


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