Medical & Health Sciences

Research Papers/Topics in Medical & Health Sciences

Effect of Domestic Waste Disposal Among Adults in Oke-Sopen Community, Of Ijebu-Igbo, Ogun State

ABSTRACTThis project investigates the effect of domestic waste disposal among adults in Oke-Sopen Community, Ijebu-Igbo, Ogun State. The study adopts a descriptive survey method. The research instrument for data collection was questionnaire. Data were collected from both primary and secondary sources. A total of 200 questionnaires were distributed to the respondents to gather adequate information. Data collected were analyzed using frequency count and simple percentage. Findings rev...

Sleep Disturbances After Traumatic Brain Injury

Traumatic brain injury is leading cause of sleep disturbance with patient having headache, nausea, vomiting, insomnia, We find most of patient having sleeping disturbance because of internal bleeding affect the major part in brain, which leads to decrease in amount of hormone.A moderate traumatic brain injury is defined as an injury that results in a loss of consciousness that lasts between 30 minutes and six hours. Severe TBI is one that lasts more than six ...

Assessment of current oral health knowledge attitude and oral hygiene practices among 12-year old school children and patients attending the dental facility at Vezo Hospital

Aim: This pilot study aimed to evaluate oral health knowledge, perceptions and oral hygiene practices among 12- year old children from the local school of Andavadoaka and patients visiting the dental facility at Vezo Hospital, Andavadoaka, Madagascar. Materials and Methods: Data was collected using a questionnaire consisting of 18 close-ended questions. The study population consisted of 12-year old schoolchildren from three sixth-grade classes (total n=70)...

Prevalence and determinants of anaemia among pregnant women at the Tamale Teaching Hospital

ABSTRACTBACKROUND: Anaemia during pregnancy is a major public health problem throughout the world, particularly the developing countries. It is a condition in which the number and size of red blood cells ,or hemoglobin concentration falls below the established cut-off value; less than 110g/L for children under 5years and pregnant women, and less than 120 g/L for non-pregnant women which consequently impair the capacity of blood to transport oxygen around the body. Globally, it affects ha...

The Effect of Extracts of Raphia Vinifera Fruit Mesocarp on The Hematological Parameters of Wistar Albino Rats

ABSTRACTThis study is aimed at determining the effect of methanol and ethanol extracts of Raphia vinifera fruit mesocarp on the hematological parameters of Wistar albino rats. Twenty one (21) healthy male Wistar rats (166-274g) were randomly assigned into three groups (n=3) thus: control, methanol and ethanol groups with 50mg/kg, 100mg/kg and 1000mg/kg dosages. Both methanol and ethanol groups were treated with daily oral administration of 0.1ml of the extracts for 14 days. Blood sample...

Diagnostic and Treatment Approach of Complex Sleep Apnea Syndrome (ComSAS) Case Presenting with History of Snoring, Daytime Sleepiness, and Falling Asleep at Traffic Light

Prevalence of complex sleep apnea syndrome (ComSAS) is growing after its true characterization and clinical presentation, which enhances an appropriate diagnostic approach for its better treatment and outcome. Complex sleep apnea is a form of sleep-disordered breathing in which patients have respiratory control dysfunction and upper airway obstruction; it often clinically presents as central sleep apnea (CSA) and is mostly seen in obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) patients during the initial phas...

Incidence of Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder in Childhood and Adulthood

ABSTRACT This study titled “the incidence of Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder “ADHD” was carried out in ECWA School of Nursing on student nurses as a study group for the research. The major objective is to explore, determine and analyze the incidence rate of the occurrence of this disorder and also considered secondary purpose is the awareness of the study group and the society at large about ADHD.  Non – experimental Descriptive methodology was the style whereby seventy ques...

Family Planning Among the Educated Women in Northeastern Nigeria;

Abstract Family planning is the decision of a couple to either delay child birth or limit childbirth through the use of contraceptives (NDHS, 2013). It has significant impact on the health of mothers and children, and it reduces cases of complication associated with pregnancy and child birth. Nigeria continues to record very slow progress in CYP and CPR; this can be connected to the very high level of myths and misconceptions associated to it. Researchers, FP programmers, governments...

Patients Satisfaction with Health Services Under National Health Insurance Scheme (NHIS)In Nigeria

Abstract Patients satisfaction has come to stay as a measure of health systems’ performances all over the world, the world health organization recommend periodic patient satisfaction surveys as a measurement and evaluation tool with the aim of improving the functioning of health systems. In Nigeria, the NHIS was established to improve health seeking behavior, access to healthcare and to reduce out of pocket spending; it is compulsory for all federal level civil servant. This study ...

KNOWLEDGE, PERCEPTION AND UTILISATION OF PROSTATE CANCER SCREENING SERVICES AMONG SECONDARY SCHOOL MALE TEACHERS IN IBEJU-LEKKI LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA, LAGOS STATE

ABSTRACTProstate cancer (PC) is the most commonly diag Inosed cancer among Nigerian men; yet screening for early detection of the disease is not a common practice. Few studies have documented prostate cancer screening practices and its antecedents among Nigerian men. This study therefore investigated the knowledge and perception of PC and utilisation of prostate cancer screening services among secondary school male teachers in Ibeju-Lekki Local Government Area (ILGA), Lagos State.A descriptiv...

Nuclear force

  It is well established that the forces between nucleons are transmitted by mesons. According to the meson theory, the quantitative explanation of the nuclear forces was extremely tentative and incomplete. But this theory presents a valuable point of view. It is fairly certain now that the nucleons within nuclear matter are in a state made rather different from their free condition by the proximity of other nucleons .Charge independence of nuclear forces demand the existence of neu...

Traditional Chinese Medicine in Asthma – a Systematic Review of their Mechanism of Actions

Introduction: Asthma is a chronic respiratory condition that results in the inflammation and narrowing of airways. The lack of curative therapies for asthma has led to an increased use of traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) worldwide. This review aims to evaluate the mechanism of action (MOA) of TCM for used for treatment of asthma. Methods: A systematic review was conducted in Medline®, Embase®, CENTRAL®, China National Knowledge Infrastructure (CNKI®) and WanFang® for TCM used for asthm...

The Assessment of The Effectiveness of Magnesium Sulphate in The Management of Pre-Eclampsia

1.0. INTRODUCTIONOVERVIEW OR BACKGROUND OF THE STUDYPre-eclampsia is defined as hypertension accompanied by proteinuria, usually occurs during the second half of pregnancy and causes complications in 20-80% of pregnancies. It is a hypertensive disorder occurring usually often 20 weeks of gestation. Pre-eclampsia and eclampsia are not distinct disorder but the manifestation of spectrum of clinical symptoms of the same condition. In pre-eclmpsia, hypertension and protein urea are present and wh...

Safe Anaesthesia For the Elderly Patients

ANAESTHESIA FOR THE ELDERLY PATIENTS INTRODUCTION According to Kumar P. (2008,) geriatric patients are more sensitive to anaesthetic agents. Less medication is usually required to achieve a desired clinical effect, and drug effect is often prolonged. The most important outcome and overall objective of preoperative care of geriatric population, is to speed recovery and avoid functional decline. An important principle must be kept in mind when dealing with an elderly patient. Aging involves a p...

The Assessment of Midwives Responses to Obstetrics Emergencies

 INTRODUCTION                   This chapter will introduce the sub-heading of the research work as follows: background of the study, statement of problem, objective of the study, significance of the study, research questions, scope of the study, areas of study and delimitation and operational definition of terms.1.1 BACKGROUND OF THE STUDYEmergency obstetric management are a set of life saving...


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