Medical & Health Sciences

Research Papers/Topics in Medical & Health Sciences

Reported Cases of Vehicular Accidents at the St. Dominic’s Hospital (Akwatia) in the Denkyem-Buor District of Ghana

ABSTRACT Deaths and injuries resulting from vehicular accidents are on the increase worldwide. Akwatia in the Eastern Region of Ghana (Denkyem-buor District) is no exception. It is to this effect that a retrospective study was done to determine the prevalence of vehicular accidents in Akwatia. Secondary data was obtained from the St. Dominic’s Hospital (Akwatia) on the number of vehicular accident victims who reported to the hospital for treatment. A total of 531 accident victims ...

The Reported Cases of Vehicular Accidents at the Regional Hospital Koforidua

BACKGROUND TO THE STUDY Accidents occur in various forms; at home, work places and results in various forms of injuries to persons ranging from minor, serious – which sometimes leads to temporal or permanent disability, and death. One of the forms of accident that causes great harm and danger to humankind is Road Traffic Accidents (RTA). According to the World Health Organization (WHO) almost 16,000 people die every day around the world from all types of injuries which represents ...

Explore the Incidence of Reported Vehicular Accidents at Koforidua Regional Hospital.

BACKGROUND OF STUDY Road traffic injuries contribute significantly to the burden of disease and mortality throughout the world, but particularly in developing countries (Ameratunga & Norton, 2006; Mohan, 2002; Nantulya & Reich, 2002). Currently Road traffic injuries are ranked ninth globally among the leading causes of disability adjusted life years lost. It has been predicted that by 2020, they will rank as high as third among causes of disability adjusted life years (DALYs) lost (...

Treatment Outcome of Motorcycle Crash Injuries among Patients Reporting to Tetteh Quarshie Memorial Hospital between August, 2013 and September, 2015.

BACKGROUND Road traffic injuries contribute significantly to the burden of disease and mortality throughout the world but particularly in developing countries. Currently Road traffic injuries are ranked ninth globally among the leading causes of disability adjusted life years lost. It has been predicted that by 2020, they will rank as high as third among causes of disability adjusted life years (DALYs) lost. The Global status Report on Road Safety 2015, reflecting information from 18...

Effect of Motorbikes on Users and the Reported Incidents of Motorcycle Crashes in Pentecost Hospital.

BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY Road traffic accidents (RTAs) affect populations all over the world; different local factors influence the causes of RTA in specific regions. The causes of RTAs’ among others include human or driver errors, vehicle characteristics, traffic infrastructures including engineering design, road maintenance and traffic regulation. Driver attitude including road courtesy and behavior, driving under the influence of drugs especially alcohol, male sex, use of seat b...

Exposure to Occupational Health Hazards among Clinical and Non Clinical Staff at the 37 Military Hospital

ABSTRACT The specific objective of the study was to evaluate exposure to occupational health hazards among clinical and non-clinical staffs at the 37 Military Hospital. The study design was cross sectional. A sample size of fifty (50) respondents was selected for the study. The main instrument for the study was a questionnaire. The results of the study revealed that, infection through fluids (92.0%), infection through the skin (82.0%), exposure to viruses (80.0%), infection through ...

Reported Incidence of Motorcycle Crash in Pentecost Hospital, Ghana

BACKGROUND OF STUDY An Accident is defined as “a crash” (an incident involving a moving vehicle that results in property damage, personal injury or death), “a mishap” (an unplanned and unfortunate event that results in damage, injury or upsets of some kind), “a chance” (the way things happen without any planning, apparent cause or deliberate intent).  The safety of motorcyclists on our nation roads has become an increasing concern among traffic safety professionals and ...

A Report on Incidence of Motorcycle Crash

INTRODUCTION  Modernization and the advancement of societies have been made possible through science and technology. This advancement had with time reduced the world to a global village. Two most important technological advancements which have made this possible are the telecommunication and the transport industries. These development models were spearheaded by Europe and America, (Cohen J, Dannhaeuser N. (2002). Seeing how beneficial these models were to the financial economy ...

The Trend of Vehicular Accidents Reported at the Battor Catholic Hospital Between the Periods, 2012 To 2015.

BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY The American National Standard (ANSI D16.1-2007) classifies a vehicle as ―any motorized (electrically or mechanically powered) transport device designed primarily for moving persons or property along with the device itself from one place to another‖. A motor-vehicle accident is a transport accident that: (1) involves a motor-vehicle in-transport; (2) in which the first harmful event is not produced by an external event (such as the discharge of a firearm ...

Reported Incidence of Vehicular Accidents in Asante Mampong Municipal Hospital

BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY Road accidents are a global tragedy with ever raising trend. They are common fare in our daily news as we see these accidents happen almost every day. Accidents are generally classified as single vehicle either colliding with fixed objects or multiple vehicle accidents in which two or more vehicle can collide head-on. Most people continue to be negligent and ignore the dangers involved in their driving and so, these accidents happen. Road accident can either ...

Psychosocial Factors Affecting Families With Hospitalized Children And Their Coping Strategies At The University Hospital -legon

INTRODUCTION: This is an exploratory qualitative study to determine the psychosocial factors affecting families with hospitalized children and their coping strategies at the University Hospital – Legon. Children in some cases of reporting to the hospital will need to be admitted during their recovery period for a short or long period. In such cases, a family member can be on the ward with the child to keep them company and also make them feel secured in the unfamili...

The Incidence Of Motorbike Accidents In Regional Hospital Koforidua, (New Juaben Municipal Assembly).

Background of the Study Road traffic injuries and deaths caused by motor vehicles are a growing public health problem all over the world (Agnitotri and Joshi 2006). Motorbike crashes can also be referred to as motorcycle accidents. Several studies have shown that road traffic injuries (RTI’s) are a major cause of death and disability globally, with a disproportionate number occurring in developing countries (Banthia et al, 2006). Road crashes are the second leading cause of death ...

Utilization Of Reproductive Health Services Among Adolescents In Ghana: Analysis Of The 2007 And 2017 Ghana Maternal Health Surveys

Introduction: Adolescents aged 10 and 19 years constitute about 1.2 billion of the global population. In Ghana, adolescents form about a quarter of the population. The developmental changes that occurs during adolescence predisposes them to some health risks. In all regions in the world, young people are reaching puberty earlier; this influences them to engage in sexual activity at a younger age while delaying marriage. This increases the risk of exposure to HIV ...

Awareness Of Cervical Cancer And Willingness To Screen Among Young Female Adults In Madina Zongo, Accra.

Background: Cervical cancer is the commonest gynaecological cancer in women worldwide with more than 85% of the global burden occurring in developing countries where it accounts for 13% of all female cancers and a major cause of cancer-related deaths. It has a long latency period and it is one of the few cancers that are preventable through regular screening.Objective: This study aimed to assess the awareness of cervical cancer among young female adults and their will...

Patient Satisfaction With Anaesthesia Services During Elective Surgery At The Eastern Regional Hospital

BackgroundPatient/Client satisfaction with anaesthesia services is a key component of the quality enhancement. The Anaesthesia Department in the Eastern Regional Hospital provides anaesthesia services to thousands of patients annually without evaluating the quality of services despite the recommendations from the American Society of Anaesthesiologists.Objective This study assessed patients’ satisfaction with anaesthesia services during elective surgery. Methods An insti...


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