Medical & Health Sciences

Research Papers/Topics in Medical & Health Sciences

Implications of Cultural Competency in Health Care

IntroductionCultural competence refers to the ability to interact effectively with people whose culture and beliefs differs from your own. This is achieved by respecting the customs, different beliefs and language of the culturally diverse other. (Tori DeAngells, 2015). Cultural competence is extremely beneficial in the professional nursing practice since it leads to increased patient engagement which in turn leads to better understanding and communication between the nurse and the patie...

Effects of Covid-19 Pandemic on Mental Well-being of the People of Ilorin West Local Government Area of Kwara State, Nigeria

AbstractThe study assessed the effects of covid-19 pandemic on mental well-being of the people of Ilorin West Local Government Area of Kwara State, Nigeria. The Purposes of the study are to identify if financial constraints, post-traumatic stress and anxiety will be effects of COVID-19 pandemic on mental well-being of the people of Ilorin West Local Government Area of Kwara State, Nigeria. A descriptive research design of survey type was employed for this study. The population for this st...

Prevalence and Strategies to Reduce Malnutrition Among Children of 0-5 years in Ifedore LGA, Ondo State, Nigeria.

AbstractMalnutrition remains one of the major problems confronting children in Sub-Saharan Africa(SSA). The nutritional status of children influences their health status, which is a key determinant of child survival. Therefore, the improvement of children’s nutritional status increases the chances of child survival and is considered as a precondition for their contribution to the community as well as human development. The study was carried out to examine the prevalence and strategies to re...

EFFECTS OF NUTRITION EDUCATION AMONG PREGNANT WOMEN USING

Nutrition education being a component of health education is propitious to create awareness on how to source, prepare, combine and use food resources for promoting good health among all groups of human beings; especially pregnant women who need adequate nutrition for their physiological needs and improve the health of both the mother and fetus. Studies have suggested that women have low dietary intake of fruits and vegetables. The Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) are a framework globa...

Dietary Knowledge, Practices and Adequacy among Bedouin Pregnant Women

Nutrition in pregnancy is usually socio-culturally shaped which marked by different beliefs and values. These beliefs and values yield taboos and myths that greatly shape their lifestyle. Therefore, understanding the client‟s culture is an important issue in a culturally congruent nutritional assessment and counseling. Aim of the study: to identify dietary knowledge, practices and adequacy among Bedouin pregnant women. Research design: A descriptive research design. Setting: The out-pat...

Gastroesophageal Reflux Diseases (GERD)

OUTLINEANATOMY OF GITGERD DEFINEDSIGNS AND SYMPTOMSCONFIRMATORY TESTS FOR GERDTREATMENT OF GERDPHARMACIST’S ROLE ADVICE TO PATIENTSCASE STUDIES CONCLUSIONS REFERENCES 

Paediatric Diseases: Paediatric Oncology (Clinical Presentation on Retinoblastoma and Case Study)

 INTRODUCTION TO PAEDIATRIC DISEASES Paediatrics is a branch of medicine that deals with the medical care of infants, children and adolescents and the age limit usually ranges from birth up to 18 years of age (WHO regulations, 2014). Subspecialties in paediatrics  - Oncology -Psychiatry  - Paediatric cardiology -Nephrology   - Critical care medicine -Neonatal Medicine  - Haematology -Endocrinology, etcPEDIATRIC DISEASES The term paediatric disease ...

Sepsis in Sickle Cell Patient (Slide Presentation)

IntroductionAn infection is a state in which microorganisms survive and reproduce in the host’s tissues. In many instances, no noticeable changes(or symptoms) are apparent.An infectious disease results when the organism produces sufficient tissue damage through many different mechanisms.SepsisSepsis is a gamut of diseases, where there is a systemic response by the patient or host to a specific infection. Presentation ranges from non-localised symptoms to very severe signs with attestat...

Assessment of Child Bearing Decisions of Women in Aniocha-North Local Government, Delta State

AbstractThis study was designed to obtain information on the childbearing decisions of women in Aniocha-North L.G.A of Delta State. The specific objectives of the study was to: (i) identify the pattern of childbearing among women in Aniocha –North Local Government Area, Delta State, (ii) identify the extent of women’s participation in child-bearing decisions in Aniocha –North Local Government Area, Delta state and (iii) determine the factors that influence women’s child- bearing decis...

Effects of Corona Virus Pandemic on Community Health Services in Ilorin South Local Government Area of Kwara State, Nigeria.

AbstractRight from the early outbreak of coronavirus in Nigeria there have been several responses from various quarters on the effects the pandemic has done to the community health servicesa nd the health providers. The objectives of this study were to; assess effect of the Corona Virus pandemic on community health services in Ilorin South Local Government Area of Kwara State.A descriptive research design of a survey method was employed for this study. The population of the study was 120. ...

Atezolizumab Plus Bevacizumab Combination Therapy Compared to Sorafenib and Atezolizumab Monotherapies for Treatment of Unresectable or Metastatic Hepatocellular Carcinoma

Background/AimSorafenib has been the historical first-line treatment of choice for unresectable or metastatic hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) since 2007. However, on May 29, 2020, FDA approved atezolizumab plus bevacizumab (AB) combination for HCC and gave it priority over sorafenib. Here, we performed a systematic review evaluating the efficacy and safety of combination immunogenic chemotherapy as first-line therapy as opposed to sorafenib (S) and atezolizumab (A) monotherapies.

Atezolizumab plus Bevacizumab vs Sorafenib or Atezolizumab Alone for Unresectable Hepatocellular Carcinoma: Systematic Review

AbstractBACKGROUNDDespite the use of the current standard therapy, the prognosis of unresectable hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) patients is poor, with median survival times of 40 mo in intermediate HCC [Barcelona Clinic Liver Cancer (BCLC) stage B] and 6–8 mo in advanced HCC (BCLC stage C). Although patients with early-stage HCC are usually suitable for therapies with curative intention, up to 70% of patients may manifest disease relapses at 5-year surveillance. Within the past decade, ther...

Heavy Metals Contamination of an Oil Spilled Site in Niger Delta, Nigeria.

ABSTRACT Crude oil spillage is a big threat to the soil fertility. Spillage occurs due to the pipeline rupture, and traffic accidents involving tankers. An investigation was carried  to assess the effects of crude oil spillage on the physicochemical properties of soil in Nnagi-Ama, Niger Delta Nigeria. For this purpose soil samples were collected in the Nnagi-Ama, tested in a laboratory, and compared to non-polluted (control) soil sample. The pH values of the soil samples remained almost th...

Adherence to Infection Prevention Standard Precautions Among Health Care Workers in Embu Level 5 Hospital, Embu County, Kenya

ABSTRACT Standard precautions are a set of infection control practices used to prevent transmission of diseases that can be acquired by contact with blood, body fluids and non-intact skin. An effective Infection Prevention and Control (IPC) program is fundamental to quality health care. This is because it has the potential benefits of reducing disease burden on health care workers, patients, health institutions and the nation as a whole. This study was conducted with the main obj...

Bridging the Gap: An Analysis of the Food Safety and Hygienic Culture of International Fast Food Franchises and Local Fast Food Restaurants in Georgetown, Guyana

CONTENTSGENERAL INFORMATION.. 3Title of Study. 3Project Supervisor. 3Principal Investigator. 3PROJECT DEFINITION.. 4Definition of Terms. 4Project Summary. 4Research Question. 5Objectives. 5Anticipated ethical issues. 5Rationale. 6FINAL PROJECT OVERVIEW... 10Food Safety. 10The Codex Alimentarius. 11Restaurant Food Safety. 12UPDATED RESEARCH SUMMARY.. 14Participating Businesses. 14Demographics. 14Food Safe...


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