Medical & Health Sciences

Research Papers/Topics in Medical & Health Sciences

Perceived Factors Affecting Non-Stay of Health Workers in Rural Areas of Enugu State

ABSTRACT A major challenge to the achievement of Millennium Development Goals is the shortage of health workers in the remote areas, especially in the developing countries where preventable disease burden is high. The aim of the study was to determine perceived factors contributing to non-stay of professional health workers in rural areas of Enugu state and strategies to retain them. The study was a descriptive, cross-sectional, questionnaire-based study carried out in randomly selected heal...

Protective Role of Aqueous Leaf Extract of Vernonia Amygdalina Del. (Asteraceae) and Ocimum Gratissimum Linn (Lamiaceae) in Cyclophosphamide Induced Urotoxicity and Myelosuppression

ABSTRACT  Cyclophosphamide (CP) is one of the most potent and widely used alkylating anticancer agents. Urotoxicity and myelosuppression is known as the most prevailing dose-limiting toxicity associated with CP. In the present study, the protective potential of Vernonia amygdalina and Ocimum gratissimum aqueous leaf extracts in CP-induced urotoxicity and myelosupression were evaluated using biochemical and histopathological approaches. Sodium -2-macarptoethane sulfonate (MESNA) was used as a...

Sonographic Prevalence of Gallstone among Adult Subjects in Nnewi Anambra State, Nigeria

ABSTRACT  Gallbladder stones are sometimes silent disease and often neglected, and could cause life threatening medical complications when it manifests clinically. The aim of this study is to determine the prevalence of gallbladder stone in the adult population of Nnewi, Anambra State, Nigeria. A cross sectional study was conducted during a period of 34 months; from June, 2011 to April, 2014. A convenience sample of 3501 consecutive consenting subjects who met the inclusion criteria was eval...

Estimation of Ocular Axial Length using Magnetic Resonance Imaging Technique among Adults in Jos Metropolis, North-Central Nigeria

ABSTRACT The purposes of this study are to generate an indigenous normogram for ocular axial lengths in a Nigerian population, determine whether there are differences in axial lengths between the right and left eye and among different adult age groups. The study will also determine whether there are differences in axial lengths between males and females and possible racial differences between Nigerians and Caucasians. This prospective, cross sectional study involving one hundred (100) Nigeri...

Effects of Botanicals and Biocontrol Agents on Growth and Aflatoxin Production by Aspergillus Flavus Infecting Maize in Some Parts of Nigeria

ABSTRACT In a comprehensive study to assess the effects of botanicals and biocontrol agents on growth and aflatoxin (AF) production by Aspergillus flavus (A. flavus) infecting maize, a total of 1143 maize samples, collected in eighteen batches of five maize varieties (yellow, white, pop, variegated and mixed) from northern and southern parts of Nigeria were investigated between June 2011 to December 2013. Samples collected from field, 414 (36.2%) and stored batches, 729 (63.8%) were cultured...

Personality Types as Correlates of Test Anxiety among University-Based and Hospital-Based Nursing Students in Selected Nursing Schools in Enugu Urban

ABSTRACT Test anxiety is an unpleasant state characterized by feelings of tension, apprehension, worrisome thoughts and the activation of the autonomic nervous system when an individual faces evaluative achievement-demanding situation. It is the uneasiness felt by students who had fear of failing an examination and/or test taking. This leads to hyper-arousal conditions that result in the physiological, emotional and intellectual changes that prevent the use of previously learned information ...

Assessment of Terminally Ill Patients’ Perception on Communication of Prognostic Information by Healthcare Providers in University of Nigeria Teaching Hospital, Ituku/Ozalla.

ABSTRACT  This study investigated terminally ill patients’ opinion on communication of prognostic information by healthcare providers. It specifically determined the views of terminally ill patients on what healthcare providers communicated to them about their prognosis; which of the healthcare providers that communicates prognostic information to terminally ill patients; the condition under which healthcare providers communicate prognostic information to terminally ill patients and ascert...

The Effect of Ocimum Tenuiflorum (Nchuanwu) Leaf Extract on Hematolgical Parameters of Immumnosuppressed Albino Rats.

ABSTRACT The effect of Ocimum tenuiflorum on hematological parameters in immunosuppressed albino rats was investigated in this study. The aqueous (AE) and methanol extract (ME) of the leaf were obtained. Acute toxicity study was done to determine the LD50 of the leaf extract. Rats of mixed sexes, aged 2- 3months, weighing 150 to 240 grams were used. The rats were divided into 8 groups A-H of four rats each. Group A served as normal control. Immunesuppression was induced using 3mg/kg bodyweig...

Evaluation of Phyto-Chemical and Medicinal Properties of Cannabis Sativa Linn. (Family Moraceae).

Abstract This work studied the various delivery systems (oral and parental formulations) of crude Cannabis. The stability, pharmacological and toxicological profiles of Cannabis resin in the formulations was also studied. Dried powdered leaves of Cannabis sativa L. were extracted with chloroform, the extract was concentrated to obtain an oil-based tar (resin) and its phytochemical composition determined. The Cannabis crude resin was formulated as syrup, capsule and suppository dosage forms. ...

Traffic Accidents in Khartoum State

INTRODUCTION 1.1 BACKGROUND: Road traffic crashes are a leading cause of death globally, and the main cause of death among those aged 15–29 years (see Figure 1.1), every year the lives of approximately 1.25 million people are cut short as a result of a road traffic crash. Between 20 and 50 million more people suffer non-fatal injuries, with many incurring a disability as a result of their injury. Road traffic injuries cause considerable economic losses to victims, their families, and to na...

The Role of Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) in Diagnosing and Classification of Meningiomas

ABSTRACT  This study was carried out in Sudanese to determine the role of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in diagnosing and classification of meningiomas, using 1.5 Tesla scanner closed permanent magnet unit. The main objective of this study to classified the gender, age, size, common site and diagnosis of meningiomas, ,and to characterize different grade feature of meningiomas by magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) The study was carried on seventy two (72) patients with clinically diagnosed f...

Diagnosis of Male Infertility using Ultrasound

Abstract This study was carried out in Khartoum Dermatology and Venereology Teaching Hospital department of andrology during March 2017 to July 2017. This study done to diagnosis of infertile male patients using ultrasonography, to study common causes of male infertility.to study sonographic appearance of normal and pathology of the scrotum ,to correlate between pathological finding and seminal analysi to correlate between patients age and testicular size,to correlate between occupation and t...

Serum Levels of Proinflammatory Cytokines, Haptoglobin in Children of Various Abo Blood Group and Heamoglobin-Genotype with P. Falciparaum Malaria in Nnewi, Nigeria

ABSTRACT Malaria is characterized by marked changes in cytokine production from immune responses to infection (Jurgen, 2007). Genetics influences these variations in cytokine expression and ABO blood group and haemoglobin phenotype are genetic expressions (Deepa et al, 2011). Acute phase proteins may also be involved in cytokine induced replication of inflammatory processes (Warren (2010). This case controlled study involving children with plasmodium falciparum malaria (PFM) in Nnewi, Nigeri...

Neonatal Resuscitation in Ghana: A Qualitative Study of MEBCI Intervention at Juaso Government Hospital

The main aim of the study is to explore midwives’ knowledge, attitude and experience on the use of MEBCI intervention in neonatal resuscitation at Juaso Government Hospital in Ghana


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