Medical & Health Sciences

Research Papers/Topics in Medical & Health Sciences

Community Management of Acute Malnutrition in Katsina State, Nigeria: A Report From 2010 To 2013

ABSTRACT The  Community  Management  of  Acute  Malnutrition  (CMAM )  is a  communitybased  approach  involves  in  timely  detection  of  severe  acute malnutrition  (SAM)  in  a  community.  This  is  followed  by  the  provision  of  treatment  (Readynutrientdense  foods)  for  those  without  medical  comp toUs...

THE COMPLAINANT COMPLEX AND NEGLIGENCE: A SURVEY IN THE MEDICAL RECORDS DEPARTMENT OF FEDERAL NEUROPSYCHIATRIC HOSPITAL ENUGU, NIGERIA

The purpose of this work is to cross examine all clinic entries with a view to determining the appropriateness of the status administered as patient, client, in-patient, out- patient, parole, trial  and otherwise. The legality is built upon the fact of economic pressure to generate revenue internally and the concomitant effect on medical personnel who may want to indulge.The power effect on the public that may want to cajole and get squarely away is also considered with the victim in both ca...

Some effects of aqueous extract of Nigella sativa on cadmium induced splenic damage in Adult Wistar rats

                  ABSTRACTINTRODUCTION: Various researches had shown that Nigella sativa has diverse characteristics some of which include bitter, pungent, aromatic, appetizer, stimulant, diuretic, emmenagogue, galactagogue, anthelminthic, acrid, thermogenic, carminative, anodyne, deodorant, digestive, constipating, sudorific, febrifuge, expectorant, purgative and abortifacient. This present study was aimed at investigating some of the effects...

Viral Haemorrhagic Fever: A Threat to Life

ABSTRACTViral haemorrhagic fever refers to a group of diseases caused by different families of viruses, many of which cause severe diseases. The main characteristics are a severe multisystem syndrome that affects multiple organs and systems. The final result is the production of haemorrhages in distinct locations of the body, but this bleeding is rarely life-threatening. However, specific signs and symptoms vary with the type of virus. The majority have no other treatment than supportive ther...

A STUDY ON KNOWLEDGE ATTITUDES AND PRACTICES RELATED TO PEPTIC ULCER DISEASE AMONG RESIDENTS OF BASAWA, SABON GARI LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA, KADUNA STATE

ABSTRACTBACKGROUND: Peptic ulcer disease remains a relatively common disease and importantly a common cause of hospital admission both in developed and developing countries. Although most developed countries have achieved H. pylori eradication but still have new and recurrent cases which is attributed majorly to increase utilization of NSAIDs among other reasons. In the developing countries of Africa such as Nigeria the story is even more complex as H. pylori infection is both common and acqu...

THE FOETUS AS A PARASITE

Child bearing no doubt comes with great joy especially to the mothers irrespective of the pain accompanied with it. Also, during the period of pregnancy, the foetus undergoes a developmental period  which involves a series of interaction with the system of the mother to become a baby. This article is of the backdrop that the human foetus exists in a such a relationship with the mother that spells parasitic. Though this is controversial as many other authors are of opposite opinion with some ...

Dog flea (Ctenocephalides canis canis) infestation in horse

Abstract:             The horses were stable together with cattle and buffaloes. Among all animals only one horse diagnosed as being infested with dog flea Ctenocephalides canis canis, where as other animals and horse having no infestation of flea. Horse successfully treated with synthetic pyrithroide viz. cypermethrine by spraying.  Key words: Ctenocephalides canis canis, Horse, Cypermethrin.  

Blowfly Debridment Therapy, its Benefits and Importance

Maggots of the green-bottle fly (Lucilia sericata or Phaenicia sericata) have been known for centuries to help heal wounds. They belong to the family Calliphoridae with about 1,100 known species. The most common areas to find the calliphoridae are China, America, Japan and Nigeria. The adults are known for being shiny with metallic coloring, have blunt mouth parts, with their antennae segmented. The larva passes through three stages before reaching adult stage. Disinfected larvae are harveste...

Anti-ulcerogenic Effects of Chloroform extract of Chasmanthera dependens on Indomethacin and Aspirin-iduced Ulcer in Rats

Peptic ulcer is one of the leading causes of gastrointestinal surgery with high morbidity and mortal￾ity rates. This study assessed the anti-ulcerogenic effect of the chloroform extract of Chasmantheradependens on indomethacin and aspirin-induced ulcer in rats. Fifty (50) adult rats were divided intotwo broad groups of twenty five rats each for aspirin and indomethacin models respectively. Foreach model, twenty five adult rats divided into five groups of four rats each were used for ulcerst...

Practices and Knowledge of Household Residents to Lead Exposure in Indoor Environment in Ibadan, Oyo State, Nigeria

Lead has been recognized as a serious environmental pollutant known to cause health hazards to people exposed to. Human activities have spread lead widely throughout the environment; hence exposure to lead and lead chemicals occurred from environmental media. Few studies have captured the exposure of people to lead particularly in the indoor environment, thus, this study was designed to assess the practice and knowledge of household residents to lead exposure in indoor environment in Ibadan, ...

Evidence for the Immune Toxicity of Green Tea Polyphenols: A Computational Study

Adverse drug reactions (ADR) triggered by a drug or its metabolites is an essential aspect of the post-clinical phase in the drug discovery pipeline. The pathophysiology of ADRs has been described in two ways; expected and idiosyncratic. In the current study, we deployed valid computational tools to predict the ability of eight green tea polyphenols to favourably interact with HLA-B*57:01 and mediate idiosyncratic ADRs. First, we deployed molecular docking to understand the free energy profil...

EFFECTS OF COCONUT (Cocos nucifera) WATER ON REPRODUCTIVE FUNCTIONS IN DANAZOL (GnRH-Antagonist) TREATED MALE WISTAR RATS

EFFECTS OF COCONUT (Cocos nucifera) WATER ON REPRODUCTIVE FUNCTIONS IN DANAZOL (GnRH-Antagonist) TREATED MALE  WISTAR RATS Oyovwi  M.O., Kunle-Alabi., Akndele O., Duro-Ladipo M.A.,Raji Y . Laboratory for Reproductive Physiology and Developmental Programming, Department of Physiology, College of Medicine University of IbadanABSTRACTCoconut water has been reported to be implicated with many nutritional and medicinal application but its effect on reproductive function is y...

A Survey of Hand washing Behaviour and Awareness Among Health Care Workers in Health Care Facilities in Kubwa District of Bwari Area Council, FCT, Abuja, Nigeria

ABSTRACTBackgroundHand washing is the process of decontaminating the hands, a cheap and effective method of limiting the spread of nosocomial infections. Good hand hygiene involves cleansing hands in between patients or between examining an infected site and a clean body site on the same patient. Proper hand washing practice involves following the WHO accepted guidelines for hand washing. Hand washing is an effective and inexpensive way to prevent diarrhea and acute respiratory infections. Th...

Health Risk Assessment on Heavy Metals Ingestion Through Groundwater Drinking Pathway for Residents in an Oil and Gas Producing Area of Rivers State , Nigeria

In the study, health risk assessment on heavy metals ingestion was presented through the groundwater drinking pathway for residents in an oil and gas producing area of Rivers State, Nigeria. The level of the ground water pollutionwas examined, the quality of the borehole and the well water was assessedand the quality of the ground water pathway for the resident in the oil and gas producing area was determined and compared with the national and international standards for the drinking water. T...

THE BASICS OF DRUG WITHDRAWAL

AbstractThe basic point in this paper is to emphasize drug withdrawal as a therapeutic process requires for many clinical treatments to be complete. The states of nature that are influenced with drugs can undergo conformational changes to heal a disease or rid and infection. these changes nay need to be returned to their normal states of nature before the infliction. therefore the drug withdrawal seeks a near perfect clinical administration where patients are well treated and body system clea...


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