Medical & Health Sciences

Research Papers/Topics in Medical & Health Sciences

QUALITY MANAGEMENT SYSTEM

A quality management system (QMS) is a set of policies, processes and procedures required for planning and execution (production/development/service) in the core business area of an organization. (i.e. Areas that can impact the organization’s ability to meet customer requirements. The term "Quality Management System" and the acronym "QMS" were invented in 1991 by Ken Croucher, a British management consultant working on designing and implementing a generic model of a QMS within t...

Occupational Health and Safety

An organization’s activities can pose a risk of injury or ill-health, and can result in a serious impairment of health, or even fatality, to those working on its behalf; consequently it is important for the organization to eliminate or minimize its OH&S risks by taking appropriate preventive measures. An organization’s OH&S management system can translate its intentions to prevent incidents into a systematic and ongoing set of processes (supported by the use of appropriate methods ...

EVALUATION OF SCHOOL HEALTH PROGRAMME IN SELECTED SECONDARY SCHOOLS OF SABON GARI LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA OF KADUNA STATE

ABSTRACTThis study evaluates the school health program in selected secondary schools of Sabon Gari Local Government Area Kaduna state Nigeria the study employed survey instrument design. Using a sample of 50 drawn from the population of 200 in the study area. 2 instrument mainly questionnaire and interview dully validated by expert were used for data collection, the research questions were answered using frequency distribution table while research hypothesis were test using t-test stat...

A Review of Underlying Causes of Maternal Deaths in Benue North Central Nigeria

Abstract: Most maternal death reviews are on impact assessment rather than the underlying factors. Maternal death review that goes beyond the number has not been widely studied in Nigeria despite the high contribution of underlying factors to maternal deaths in the country. To determine the underlying causes of maternal death in the facility. This was a comprehensive facility-based maternal death review at Federal Medical Centre Makurdi from 1st January to 31st December 2012. Factors surround...

A SURVEY OF MALARIA PARASITE AND ITS EFFECT ON PREGNANT WOMEN AND CHILDREN (A case study of maiduguri metropolitan council).

BACKGROUND OF THE STUDYMalaria is an infectious disease caused by a parasite, plasmodium which infects red blood cells. Historical records suggest that malaria has infected human since the beginning of mankind. The name “mal aria” (Meaning bad air in Italian) was first used in English in 1740 by H. Walpole when describing the disease. The term was shortened to malaria in 20 century. Laveran; in 1880 was the first to identify parasites in human blood. In 1889, Ross discovered that mosquito...

Knowledge and Use of pesticides by small scale farmers in Ikorodu Local Government Area, Lagos State.

AbstractThis study determines the level of knowledge of farmers on contamination mechanisms by pesticides, health problems associated with, related to pesticides exposure, to describe the practices and patterns of use of pesticides by small scale farmers in Ikorodu LGA and to find out if farmers need training on safety and use of pesticides. The technique of Multi stage sampling was used to obtain data for this study in Ikorodu, LGA. The Ikorodu LGA is divided geographically into five L...

PHARMACOGNOSY, Phytochemical Examination of the Plant species of Aframomum danielli and A. spectrum

ABSTRACT      Aframomum danielli and Aframomum sceptrum (Zingiberaceae) have been studied in this research project for their phytochemical constituents, thin layer chromatographic analysis and insecticidal potentials.     Phytochemical examination of the dried fruits showed the presence of alkaloids, terpenes, tannins and flavonoids. Saponin glycosides, cardiac glycosides, anthraquinone glycosides and cyanogenetic glycosides were absent in both plant species.     The chromatograp...

ADVERSE DRUG REACTION: A LOCAL AND GLOBAL PUBLIC HEALTH MENACE

Adverse drug reactions (ADR) occur frequently and globally, accounting for a significant number of fatalities each year.1, 2 Drugs remain the most common medical interventions used to relieve sufferings, but could also prove fatal.  As the saying goes ‘‘Drugs are Double Edged Weapons’’ 1 and nearly all medicines are capable of causing injuries.

Systematic review and meta-analysis of the effectiveness of Rifapentine plus isoniazid compared with isoniazid monotherapy in preventing active tuberculosis in HIV positive adults

BackgroundTuberculosis is the highest cause of death in persons infected with HIV hence the need for prevention. The gold standard of self- administered isoniazid for 6 to 12 months is effective but adherence is poor and causes more adverse events. Rifapentine plus isoniazid for 3months administered under DOTS have limited treatment duration and may result in higher adherence and reduced adverse events.ObjectivesTo determine the effectiveness of Rifapentine plus Isoniazid compared with ...

INFLUENCE OF PRINT MEDIA IN PROMOTING EXCLUSIVE BREASTFEEDING AMONG NURSING MOTHERS IN LAGOS

ABSTRACTOver time information concerning exclusive breastfeeding has been passed to nursing mothers. This suggests that several print media communicators sources such as healthcare personnel’s or healthcare workers, family and friends, social media, television, radio, newspaper, billboard, flyer have been used as an important tool to influence communication and promotion to nursing mothers. The study therefore sought to explore the existence of, and the kinds of messages put in place by the...

The Mismatch of Students Anthropometric Data with Ergonomic Designs of Learning Workstation is a Risk Factor for Musculoskeletal Disorders

Abstract: This study examined the relationship between anthropometric data of Nigerian Students in Higher Academic Institutions, the ergonomic design of classroom furniture and the risk of Musculoskeletal Disorders (MSDs). A total of one hundred and seventy five (175) students, aged between 17-34 years, in thirty one (31) randomly selected classrooms participated in the research. Students' anthropometric data were collated by measuring various body dimensions such as sitting elbow height, sho...

Fetal Alcohol syndrome

Fetal alcohol syndrome (FAS) is a serious global problem due to emergence of alcohol abuse among young pregnant women. Fetal Alcohol Syndrome (FAS) is the single largest cause of mental retardation in the Western world. It is all the more tragic given that FAS is the only congenital cause of mental retardation that is 100% preventable. Fetal Alcohol syndrome (FAS) is a broad spectrum of completely preventable intellectual and developmental deficits in individuals, resulting from matern...

Cardio Metabolic Syndrome, Insulin Resistance Syndrome or metabolic syndrome X

Cardio Metabolic Syndrome (CMS), also known as insulin resistance syndrome or metabolic syndrome X, is a combination of metabolic disorders or risk factors that essentially includes a combination of diabetes mellitus, systemic arterial hypertension, central obesity and hyper-lipidemia. Common to these diseases of metabolism is the associated development of atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease (ASCVD). Studies have shown a strong link between CMS and increased prevalence of peripheral...

Findings of Ongoing Renovation Work in Shorooq Building Apartment Contracted by Royal Way Services LLC Dubai (A Practical Project)

This is my practical project report for Nebosh IGC3 that earned me Excellent grade.  With 25 hazards and 5 good practices.This report is based on the findings of ongoing renovation work in Shorooq building apartment contracted by Royal Way Services LLC Dubai. The aim is to evaluate Health and Safety practice such as working conditions and processes that are unsafe in order to provide recommendations where applicable and ensure compliances. 


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