Medical & Health Sciences

Research Papers/Topics in Medical & Health Sciences

Maximizar la rentabilidad de la inversión para la salud pública con hardware médico de código abierto

La mayoría de los centros médicos y laboratorios de investigación tienen un acceso limitado a las mejores herramientas debido a los exorbitantes precios del equipo patentado1. Esto resulta en un obstáculo para la salud pública. El tremendo éxito del software gratuito de código abierto2 ha llevado al desarrollo de hardware gratuito de código abierto3. El software gratuito de código abierto puede emplearse, estudiarse, copiarse, modificarse y redistribuirse sin restricción, o con rest...

Aligning Executive Incentives with Global Public Health Goals

Introduction: The World Health Organization (WHO)estimates that together tobacco and alcohol kill about 9 million people annually despite aggressive and widespread public health controls. These legal industries persist because of the demand for their products and their substantial economic influence, which is magnified by the concentration of wealth in the executives of leading corporations that profit from increased legal drug sales.Materials and methods: This preliminary study quantifies th...

Providing Non-food Needs if Industry is Disabled

A number of risks could cause global electrical failure, including a series of high-altitude electromagnetic pulses (HEMPs) caused by nuclear weapons, an extreme solar storm, and a coordinated computer virus attack. Since modern industry depends on electricity, it is likely that much industry and machines would grind to a halt. The most challenging need to be met in these scenarios is likely to be food, and this is analyzed elsewhere in this conference. However, without industry, food cannot ...

3-D Printing Open Source Click-MUAC Bands for Identification of Malnutrition

Objective An effective method for the diagnosis of severe acute malnutrition is the measurement of the middle upper arm circumference (MUAC). Current methods to measure MUAC in a pre-hospital setting is through the use of measuring tape indicators, which require users to be trained in how to apply, adjust the tightness and read the device properly. This represents a challenge to using MUACs in many developing world contexts. This study explores the technical viability to overcome some of thes...

Maximizing Returns for Public Funding of Medical Research with Open­source Hardware

The majority of the world's medical care facilities and research labs have limited access to optimal tools because of the exorbitant prices of proprietary equipment. This results in both reduced acute public health and slows the rate of medical science hampering future public health. The tremendous success of free and open source software in driving innovation and lowering costs has spread to the world of hardware. Free and open-source hardware (FOSH) provides the “code” for hardware incl...

Economic Impact of Substituting Solar Photovoltaic Electric Production for Tobacco Farming

Solar photovoltaic (PV) technology represents a promising method to prevent dangerous global climate change, however full solar penetration demands substantial surface areas, possibly encroaching on arable land. To avoid repeating the mistakes of previous attempts to convert agricultural land to energy, arable land currently used for crops with known health hazards can be considered for conversion. Tobacco is the leading cause of avoidable death globally, and despite increasingly stringent co...

Economic Potential for Distributed Manufacturing of Adaptive Aids for Arthritis Patients in the U.S

By 2040, more than a quarter of the U.S. population will have diagnosed arthritic conditions. Adults with arthritis and other rheumatic conditions earn less than average yet have medical care expenditures that are over 12% of average household income. Adaptive aids can help arthritis patients continue to maintain independence and quality of life; however, their high costs limit accessibility for older people and the poor. One method used for consumer price reduction is distributed manufacturi...

Open-Source Three-Dimensional Printable Infant Clubfoot Brace

Introduction Open-source, self-replicating rapid prototypers (RepRaps) have radically reduced the costs of three-dimensional (3D) printing while expanding its access. Three-dimensional printing's model of distributed manufacturing can produce medical technologies at significantly reduced costs. We investigate this potential by evaluating the viability of an open-source 3D printable infant clubfoot brace.Materials and Methods Starting with a list of key features present in currently available ...

Asian Immigrants in north America Book from Springer

This book explores a number of issues related to the stigma arising from HIV/AIDS infection, perceived or actual discrimination from the community and society and the extent of vulnerabilities for infected Asian refugees and immigrants. It assesses the health care and treatment regimen for HIV/AIDS accessed by immigrants and refugee claimants in North America, including treatments offered by the health-care system and ethnic communities and their perceptions and biases relating to HIV/AIDS is...

The anxiolytic activity of ethanolic leaf extract of culcasian scadens in experimental animal models

ABSTRACTObjectives: to explore the anxiolytic activity of ethanolic leaf extract of culcasian scadens in experimental animal models .Methods:  The anxiolytic activity was examined by using the elevated plus maze (EPM) and open field test (OFT), hole board test and light and dark box exploration test. Twenty Swiss albino male mice were divided into five groups of four mice each. Group 1 received distilled water and served as negative control; group 2 received 100mg/kg of ECS; group 3 received...

DESIGN AND CONSTRUCTION OF ALCOHOL DETECTOR

ABSTRACT An alcohol detector: - is a electronic device that detect alcohol in the breath of a person that has consumed the liquire. In this project, the design involved the hardware module and software module. The hardware module consist of sensor circuit (MQ – 3), the pic (Microcontroller circuit), the L.C.D. Circuit and the alarm circuit. The software module include, the programming on plc microcontroller that sends the information to the encoder using C – programming, the ...

MEMOIRE FRANK new1

Osteoarthritis is the most prevalent chronic rheumatic disease in the World and Physiotherapy care is an integral part in its care. The main objective of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of additional Krishna’s Kinetikinetic Manual Therapy (KKMT) Mobilization in patients with knee osteoarthritis in the National Rehabilitation Center for Persons with Disabilities within the period from June 14th to September 9th, 2016. A controlled single blinded experimental study was u...

Environmental impacts of building constructions as expressed by the stakeholders in building and constructionindustry.ESMproject

 Topic : The environmental impacts of building constructions as expressed by the stakeholders in building and construction industry.Key words: Environmental Impact Assessment (EAI,Sustainable Development: Development, Regulation,Global Warning, Ecosystem, Green house Gas (GHG)                                   &nbsp...

Treatment Outcome of Ponseti Method in the Management of Club Foot at Komfo Anokye Teaching Hospital, Ghana: A Retrospective Study

Background: Ponseti method is an established conservative treatment for idiopathic clubfoot inchildren world-wide. Yet, no data are available to quantify its effectiveness for reference in Ghana.Aim: To explore the effectiveness of Ponseti method in the management of clubfoot at a TertiaryHealth Facility in Ghana.Materials and Methods: The 6-year single arm retrospective cohort study involved a review ofclinical folders of babies with club feet. The age range of the children was between 0 and...


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