Medical & Health Sciences

Research Papers/Topics in Medical & Health Sciences

PERCEIVED IMPACT OF SCHOOL HEALTH PROGRAM IN SELECTED SECONDARY SCHOOLS IN SAMARU COMMUNITY ZARIA

Abstract School Health Program (SHP) is a coordinated activity which contributes to the understanding, maintenance and improvement of the health of school population. Structures for effective school health program has collapsed, teachers and schools are not motivated to implement school health program. This study evaluates the perceived impact of school health program in various secondary schools in the Samaru community, through physical, mental and social wellbeing asse...

PERCEIVED IMPACT OF SCHOOL HEALTH PROGRAM AMONG SECONDARY SCHOOL STUDENTS IN SAMARU METROPOLIS

ABSTRACT The objectives of this study was to evaluate the perceived impact of school health program in various secondary schools in the Samaru community, through physical, mental and social wellbeing assessment of the students. Health promotion model was used as the theoretical framework. The Study design was a cross sectional descriptive survey design and simple random sampling method was used to select the samples consisting of 70 students from Government girls Samaru, 52 stud...

Assessment of Heavy metal concentration in storm runoff generated at Alabata mechanic village, Camp, Abeokuta, Ogun state, Nigeria.

Water is a vital source of life essential for survival of all living organisms. Surface runoff and soil may become contaminated by the accumulation of heavy metals deposited by the activities of auto mechanic village. Runoff samples were obtained during rainfall from Alabata Mechanic Village located at Camp, Abeokuta, Ogun state; during the establishment of peak rainfall (May and June) and cessation of rainfall (November and February). This study examined runoff samples to quantify the concen...

THE ROLE OF NURSES IN POLICY FORMULATION

The essence of administering or managing an organization is about decision-making, policy formulation and implementation. Organization leadership (public or private) function and operates the system based on known and clearly stated policy guidelines. Policy is thus formulated as the framework that informs organization structure, management pattern, operational processes and relationships to achieving the corporate organizational set goals and objectives. The formulation of policy p...

KNOWLEDGE AND ATTITUDE OF PRIMARY HEALTH NURSES TOWARDS SCHOOL HEALTH SERVICE AMONG SELECTED PRIMARY SCHOOLS IN ILE IFE

ABSTRACTThis study was conducted to examine the knowledge and attitude of primary school teachers on school health programme. Objectives were to assess knowledge of school teachers on school health programme, to determine the attitude of school teachers towards school health programme, to determine factors contributing to participation of school teachers in school health programme, to determine level of implementation of school health programme among primary school st...

Factors Influencing Substance Abuse Among Undergraduate Students of Polytechnic Ibadan

ABSTRACT Introduction: From the beginning of time, drugs have been used in every society as human being search for substance that would sustain and protect them and also act on the nervous system to produce pleasurable sensation, santrock (2005). Undergraduate students are the most susceptible to drug use amongst different youth groups in Nigeria because most of them live outside the watch of their parents or guardian (Adeyemo, Ohaeri, Okpala, Oghale, 2016). These perceived norms moti...

Longevity of conventional GIC versus compomers in primary teeth [October 14, 2018]

Search result: Four clinical studies concerning restorations were found.Clinical outcomes: The results indicate no difference in the success rate between both types of material if high-viscosity GIC was compared against Compomers. [‘Preliminary Systematic Literature Searches’ are based on SYSTEM’s periodic systematic searches of the dental literature and provide first overviews over existing clinical evidence but are limited in the number of databases searched, as well as th...

Survival rate of ART restorations with high-viscosity GIC versus conventional RM-GIC [October 13, 2018]

Search result: Only two clinical studies concerning restorations were found.Clinical outcomes: The results indicate no difference in the survival rate after 12 and 24 months. [‘Preliminary Systematic Literature Searches’ are based on SYSTEM’s periodic systematic searches of the dental literature and provide first overviews over existing clinical evidence but are limited in the number of databases searched, as well as the assessment of precision and internal validity of resu...

Retention of conventional GIC versus RM-GIC restorations [October 13, 2018]

Search result: There is still a lack of studies to this topic and only two clinical studies concerning restorations were found.Clinical outcomes: The results indicate no difference in the retention rate after 12 and 42 months in Class V and Class II restorations, respectively. [‘Preliminary Systematic Literature Searches’ are based on SYSTEM’s periodic systematic searches of the dental literature and provide first overviews over existing clinical evidence but are limited in t...

The current evidence for caries prevention and treatment in xeriostomic patients [October 11, 2018]

Search result: Ten controlled clinical studies relevant to the topic were found.Clinical outcomes: The results indicate:-               GIC/RM-GIC have higher caries-preventive effects than composite/amalgam in cases were no additional fluoride was provided to patients have been shown; -               Topical fluoride is indicated as caries-preventive...

Retention of GIC versus Amalgam as restorations [October 11, 2018]

Search result: There is still a lack of studies to this topic and only two clinical studies concerning restorations in the primary dentition were found.Clinical outcomes: The results of (conventional) high-viscosity GIC indicate no difference to amalgam while, low-viscosity GIC perform significantly worse than amalgam. [‘Preliminary Systematic Literature Searches’ are based on SYSTEM’s periodic systematic searches of the dental literature and provide first overviews over ex...

Longevity of resin-modified GIC versus compomers in primary teeth [October 10, 2018]

Search result: Only three clinical studies were found.Clinical outcomes: The results indicate no difference in the longevity between both types of materials. [‘Preliminary Systematic Literature Searches’ are based on SYSTEM’s periodic systematic searches of the dental literature and provide first overviews over existing clinical evidence but are limited in the number of databases searched, as well as the assessment of precision and internal validity of results and thus do no...

PREVALENCE, KNOWLEDGE AND ASSOCIATED RISK FACTORS OF CHRONIC KIDNEY DISEASE IN HIV-INFECTED ADULTS ON HIGHLY ACTIVE ANTI-RETROVIRAL THERAPHY (HAART) IN OGUN-STATE. NIGERIA

ABSTRACT Background: Chronic kidney disease (CKD) remains one of the complications of Human Immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection among individuals on antiretroviral medication. This study aimed to determine the prevalence, Knowledge and associated risk factors of CKD among Ogun-state Indigenes with HIV on antiretroviral medications Materials and Methods: This was a hospital-based descriptive cross-sectional study involving 203 previously diagnosed HIV-infected patients on HAART treatment ...

DECOMPOSITION ON ANALYSIS OF DETERMINANTS AND CHANGE IN FERTILITY IN NIGERIA: 2003-2013

ABSTRACT Introduction: High fertility has now been identified as threat to public health because of its negative effect on maternal and child health. Globally, human population is increasing at an average rate of 1.1% per year and it has been predicted that it will be about 9.6 billion by year 2050 (Debebe, Limenih, and Biadgo 2017). In Nigeria, high population growth rate has been identified in many studies as one of the major causes of maternal and child mortality. Several multivariate tec...

Factors influencing drug regimen compliance among Diabetes patients in Asubiaro state Hospital Osogbo, Osun state

ABSTRACT INTRODUCTION This study assessed the factors influencing drug regimen compliance among diabetes patient Asubiaro State hospital Osogbo in Osun State. The objective of the study was to assess the factors influencing drug regimen compliance among diabetes patient. METHODOLOGY A descriptive design was employed for the study. Convenient sampling technique( one hundred and twenty samples was used) and a self-administered semi structure questionnaire was used to gather informat...


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