Medical & Health Sciences

Works Under Medical & Health Sciences

Distributing Misoprostol and 4% Chlorhexidine by Community Based Volunteers

Abstract:Childbirth is universally celebrated. For some, experience of childbirth is not joyful, but disappointment with fatal outcome; either the mother or the baby dies few days after delivery, or both the mother and the baby die during delivery. A mother’s death has profoundly bad consequences for her family, particularly for children left without a care giver.Overcoming the high burden of maternal and reproductive health needs remain a challenge in Sub-Saharan Africa, particularly in Ni...

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Ezenwa Nwizugbe Premium 8 PAGES (5692 WORDS) Public Health Essay/Paper 3 Views
PROJECT PROPOSAL OCCULT HEPATITIS B VIRUS INFECTION AMONG HIV POSITIVE PATIENTS IN IBADAN, OYO STATE

ABSTRACTA cross sectional study was carried out among HIV positive patients attending St. Mary Catholic General Hospital, Eleta, Ibadan.All data obtained from subjects in the course of this study were strictly treated as confidential.One hundred and fifty (n = 150) serum samples were randomly collected from the people living with HIV who have given their informed consent. These samples was screened for hepatitis B serological markers (i.e. HBsAg, anti-HBs, HBeAg, HBeAb and anti-HBc) usin...

Prevalence of Hepatitis B surface antigen (HbsAg) among pregnant women attending University Health Services (sick-bay) Ahmadu Bello University Zaria

ABSTRACTThe study was aimed at determining the seroprevalence of Hepatitis B Virus carrier and infectivity status of carrier pregnant women attending University clinic. A total of 210 Blood samples were collected from pregnant women attending antenatal clinic, ABU Health Services and analysed for HBsAg using One step HBsAg diagnostic rapid test strip and the HBV profile determined by the One Step HBV Multi-5 Test kit.  The overall positive samples were 9 representing a prevalence of 4.3% for...

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Kachi Okeke Premium 4 PAGES (1991 WORDS) Public Health Essay/Paper 4 Views
A Systemic Review of Incidence of Cancer and Challenges to its Treatment in Nigeria

A Systemic Review of Incidence of Cancer and Challenges to its Treatment in NigeriaNjaka SRN*Ebonyi State University, Nursing Science, Presco Campus Abaki Ebonyi State, Abakaliki, NigeriaAbstractThis study systematically reviewed the incidence of cancer and the challenges to its treatment in Nigeria. Critical and in depth review of the studies available on the condition was done with the aim of identifying the status of cancer in Nigeria and challenges to treatment. The basic finding was t...

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Stanley Njaka Premium 3 PAGES (3329 WORDS) Public Health Project 3 Views
Cross-sectional Study on Knowledge and Practice of Instrument Sterilization Amongst Barbers Around Fresco Campus of Ebonyi State University Abakaliki

Cross- sectional study on knowledge and practice of instrument sterilization amongst barbers around Fresco campus of Ebonyi state University Abakaliki,ABSTRACT Barber’s shop is a source of infections agents both blood borne and other infestation and the sure way to prevent this is through instrument sterilization after each customer. The aim of the study was to determine the level of knowledge and the practice of instrument sterilization amongst barbers at Presco campus. Descri...

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Stanley Njaka Premium 54 PAGES (7924 WORDS) Public Health Project 0 Views
The Impact of Adequate Nutrition Among Pregnant Mothers in Anguwam Juma of Zaria Local Government Area, Kaduna State

This research work have five chapters respectively chapter one include preliminary pages, statement of the problem and definition of terms while chapter two is literature review, chapter three is research methodology, chapter four is data analysis and data presentation finally chapter five was summary conclusion and recommendations

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Nasir Ahmad Premium 40 PAGES (8498 WORDS) Epidemic & Community Health Project 0 Views
Anti-inflammatory and analgesic activities of Alafia barteri and it’s possible mechanisms of action.

ABSTACTThe pharmacological effects of the metanolic root extract of the plant Alafia barteri Oliv. used commonly in West and Central Africa, from Guinea Bissau east to Cameroon and south to Congo, including Nigeria for the treatment of various diseases (including malaria, arthritis, eye infection an inflammation) was evaluated.The analgesic effect of the metanolic root extract of Alafia barteri (100, 200 and 400mg/kg) was evaluated in mice using Acetic acid induced writhing, Formalin induced ...

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Ogoo Okeke Premium 74 PAGES (1690 WORDS) Pharmacology Project 0 Views
PREVALENCE OF Plasmodium AND Salmonella INFECTIONS AMONG PREGNANT WOMEN IN ABA, ABIA STATE

ABSTRACTMalaria and typhoid fever are both endemic in the tropics and pregnant women constitute one of the high risk groups. The study on prevalence of Plasmodium and Salmonella infections among pregnant women in Aba, Abia State was carried out in Aba between June and July, 2016. Blood samples from 200 volunteered pregnant women who came for antenatal clinic with clinical signs in three selected health institution were collected and analyzed at microbiology laboratory, Abia State Polytechnic ...

PALM OIL AND PALM WASTE POTENTIAL IN NIGERIA

ABSTRACTOil palm is the most important product from Nigeria that has helped to change the scenario of its agriculture and economy. Lignocellulosic biomass which is produced from the oil palm industries includes oil palm trunks (OPT), oil palm fronds (OPF), empty fruit bunches (EFB), and palm pressed fibres (PPF), palm shells and palm oil mill effluent (POME). However, the presence of these oil palm wastes has created a major disposal problem. The fundamental principles of waste management are...

MANAGEMENT OF JAUNDICE IN NEONATES

ABSTRACTJaundice occurs in most newborn infants. Bilirubin is the main cause of jaundice. Bilirubin which is responsible for the yellow colour of jaundice is a normal part of of the pigment released from the breakdown of ‘used’ red blood cells. Most jaundice is benign, but because of the potential toxicity of bilirubin, newborn infants must be monitored to identify those who might develop severe hyperbilirubinemia and, in rare cases, acute bilirubin encephalopathy or kernicterus. The focu...

MALARIAL HEPATOPATHY IN FALCIPARUM MALARIA

ABSTRACTJaundice is one of the common manifestations of severe Falciparium malaria but hepatitis is unusual. Although hepatic dysfunction is unusual and hepatic encephalopathy is almost never seen in malaria, yet, cases of hepatic dysfunction are being increasingly reported in patients with P. falciparium infection, from different parts of the world. The extent of hepatocellular dysfunction varies from mild abnormalities in liver function tests to hepatic failure. Patients with hepatocellular...

HEALTH BENEFIT OF HONEY

ABSTRACTHoney on natural substances produced by honey bees is composed of a complex mixture of carbohydrates, water and a small amount of protein, vitamins, minerals and pherolite compounds. Fructose, glucose and maltose are among the various types of sugar present in honey. Used as both food and medicine, honey has been associated with improved antioxidant capacity, modulation of immune system. The aim of this article was to review the benefit of natural honey intake on human health with par...

DANGERS ASSOCIATED WITH ABUSE OF CONTRACEPTIVE PILLS.

ABSTRACTContraceptive is a pill which is been used to keep from getting pregnant if you have unprotected intercourse. Studies indicate that contraceptive pills are 75% effective in preventing pregnancy if taken within the first 72 hours of unprotected intercourse. Contraceptive pills are most effective when used as soon as possible after having unprotected sex. Two types of this pill (contraceptive) include; combined oral contraceptive pills and progestin only pills. Combined oral contracepti...

BREEDING METHOD FOR VEGETATIVELY PROPAGATED CROPS SOMATIC MUTATIONS. EXAMPLES; SUGAR CANE AND POTATO

ABSTRACTMany agricultural crops of economic importance are vegetatively propagated. This work was done to elaborate more on vegetatively propagated crops, importance and developing new cultivars of vegetative propagated crops. Vegetative propagation aids to fix favorable combinations of important traits, very specific chemical compositions, superior genetic variance interactions and high levels of heterozygosity. Breeding vegetative propagated crops involve few genetic crossing and genetic co...

Prion and Prion Disease: Immunobiology, Pathogenesis and Potential Threat to Mankind

ABSTRACTPrion diseases, also known as Transmissible Spongiform Encephalopathies (TSEs), are fatal neurodegenerative disorders with characteristic sponge-like microscopic appearance in the infected brain. They are caused by a protein-only particle consisting of an abnormal isoform (PrPSc) of the normal ubiquitous cellular prion protein PrPc. Prion diseases affect both human and animals, and can cause interspecies transmission. In humans, there are six different phonotypes of prion diseases, in...


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