Medical & Health Sciences

Research Papers/Topics in Medical & Health Sciences

Common Sanitary Practices of the Residents in Purok Lizada Beach, Lizada, Toril

This study aimed to determine the common sanitary practices of Purok Lizada Beach in Barangay Lizada, Toril District, Davao City, Philippines. It involved a descriptive-quantitative method of research whose respondents were selected through a random sampling technique. A modified and adapted questionnaire was administered to 287 respondents. Results revealed a very high manifestation of personal hygiene and household sanitation with a mean of 4.36 and 4.35; while solid and human waste disposa...

Knowledge, Attitude, Prevalence and Practices related to Diabetes mellitus among commercial drivers in Lagos State

SUMMARYDiabetes mellitus (DM) is a serious chronic, non-communicable disease that has reached epidemic proportions and is projected to become one of the world’s main disablers and killers within the next twenty five years.  Commercial drivers are especially vulnerable due to unhealthy dietary lifestyle and poor health seeking behaviour aided by their job routine.  This study assessed the knowledge, attitude, prevalence and practices related to diabetes mellitus among commercial driv...

Health Communication and Behavioural Practice towards Ending Hepatitis B Virus in Southwest Nigeria

Responding to the international call for strategic information to understand viral hepatitis, this study investigated the health communication practice on hepatitis B virus in Southwest Nigeria. Existing studies on HBV in Nigeria have primarily concentrated on health practitioners and their patients while neglecting detailed empirical data on semiurban and urban demographic information. %is study examines health communication channels as predictors of knowledge, attitude, and behavioural pr...

Effects of Cement Dust on Blood Glucose and Cholesterol Level in Male Wistar Rats

ABSTRACTThis study was carried out to determine the effect of cement dust administration on blood glucose and cholesterol level in fasted male Wistar rats. Twenty four male Wistar rats weighing between 158-204g were used for this study. The animals were randomly divided into four groups comprising six rats each. Group 1 was the control group with no cement dust administered at all while Group2, 3 and 4 are the low dose (25g), medium dose (50g)and high dose (100g) ceme...

Birth Preparedness And Emergency Readiness Plans Of Antenatal Clinic Attendees In Amaku General Hospital Awka, Anambra State Nigeria

ABSTRACTBackground: Maternal mortality is an enormous public healthburden in developing countries of the world. Birth preparednessand emergency readiness is the process of planning for safedelivery and anticipating the actions needed in case of emergencies.When a woman is adequately prepared for normal childbirth andpossible complications, she is more likely to access the skilled andprompt care she needs to protect her overall health and possiblysave her life and that of her baby. This descri...

ALTERNATIVE STAINING OF KIDNEY TISSUE SECTIONS WITH EXTRACTS OF TUMERIC (Curcuma Longa) AND ZOBO (Hibiscus Sabdariffa)

AbstractMost stains used in histopathology are synthetic, toxic and costly for use. Hence, this study was carried out at the Histopathology Laboratory of Imo State University to find out the probability of replacing routine toxic and costly stains for nature, non-toxic, less costly and effective stains. Sixteen (16) kidney tissue sections were used for this study obtained from the Federal Medical Center, Owerri of which was divided into two groups of eight (8) kidney sections respectively. Th...

MAGNETOENCEPHALOGRAPHY: CONCEPT AND USES

Magnetoencephalography (MEG) is a functional neuroimaging technique for mapping brain activity by recording magnetic fields produced by electrical currents occurring naturally in the brain, using very sensitive magnetometers. Arrays of SQUIDs(Superconducting quantum interference devices) are currently the most common magnetometer, while the SERF(pin exchange relaxation- free) magnetometer is being investigated for future machines.

Effect of Domestic Waste Disposal Among Adults in Oke-Sopen Community, Of Ijebu-Igbo, Ogun State

ABSTRACTThis project investigates the effect of domestic waste disposal among adults in Oke-Sopen Community, Ijebu-Igbo, Ogun State. The study adopts a descriptive survey method. The research instrument for data collection was questionnaire. Data were collected from both primary and secondary sources. A total of 200 questionnaires were distributed to the respondents to gather adequate information. Data collected were analyzed using frequency count and simple percentage. Findings rev...

Sleep Disturbances After Traumatic Brain Injury

Traumatic brain injury is leading cause of sleep disturbance with patient having headache, nausea, vomiting, insomnia, We find most of patient having sleeping disturbance because of internal bleeding affect the major part in brain, which leads to decrease in amount of hormone.A moderate traumatic brain injury is defined as an injury that results in a loss of consciousness that lasts between 30 minutes and six hours. Severe TBI is one that lasts more than six ...

Assessment of current oral health knowledge attitude and oral hygiene practices among 12-year old school children and patients attending the dental facility at Vezo Hospital

Aim: This pilot study aimed to evaluate oral health knowledge, perceptions and oral hygiene practices among 12- year old children from the local school of Andavadoaka and patients visiting the dental facility at Vezo Hospital, Andavadoaka, Madagascar. Materials and Methods: Data was collected using a questionnaire consisting of 18 close-ended questions. The study population consisted of 12-year old schoolchildren from three sixth-grade classes (total n=70)...

Prevalence and determinants of anaemia among pregnant women at the Tamale Teaching Hospital

ABSTRACTBACKROUND: Anaemia during pregnancy is a major public health problem throughout the world, particularly the developing countries. It is a condition in which the number and size of red blood cells ,or hemoglobin concentration falls below the established cut-off value; less than 110g/L for children under 5years and pregnant women, and less than 120 g/L for non-pregnant women which consequently impair the capacity of blood to transport oxygen around the body. Globally, it affects ha...

The Effect of Extracts of Raphia Vinifera Fruit Mesocarp on The Hematological Parameters of Wistar Albino Rats

ABSTRACTThis study is aimed at determining the effect of methanol and ethanol extracts of Raphia vinifera fruit mesocarp on the hematological parameters of Wistar albino rats. Twenty one (21) healthy male Wistar rats (166-274g) were randomly assigned into three groups (n=3) thus: control, methanol and ethanol groups with 50mg/kg, 100mg/kg and 1000mg/kg dosages. Both methanol and ethanol groups were treated with daily oral administration of 0.1ml of the extracts for 14 days. Blood sample...

Diagnostic and Treatment Approach of Complex Sleep Apnea Syndrome (ComSAS) Case Presenting with History of Snoring, Daytime Sleepiness, and Falling Asleep at Traffic Light

Prevalence of complex sleep apnea syndrome (ComSAS) is growing after its true characterization and clinical presentation, which enhances an appropriate diagnostic approach for its better treatment and outcome. Complex sleep apnea is a form of sleep-disordered breathing in which patients have respiratory control dysfunction and upper airway obstruction; it often clinically presents as central sleep apnea (CSA) and is mostly seen in obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) patients during the initial phas...

Incidence of Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder in Childhood and Adulthood

ABSTRACT This study titled “the incidence of Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder “ADHD” was carried out in ECWA School of Nursing on student nurses as a study group for the research. The major objective is to explore, determine and analyze the incidence rate of the occurrence of this disorder and also considered secondary purpose is the awareness of the study group and the society at large about ADHD.  Non – experimental Descriptive methodology was the style whereby seventy ques...

Family Planning Among the Educated Women in Northeastern Nigeria;

Abstract Family planning is the decision of a couple to either delay child birth or limit childbirth through the use of contraceptives (NDHS, 2013). It has significant impact on the health of mothers and children, and it reduces cases of complication associated with pregnancy and child birth. Nigeria continues to record very slow progress in CYP and CPR; this can be connected to the very high level of myths and misconceptions associated to it. Researchers, FP programmers, governments...


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