Medical & Health Sciences

Research Papers/Topics in Medical & Health Sciences

Critical Analysis of the Extent to Which Social Determinants of Health Explains Health Inequalities Regarding Maternal Mortality in Nigeria.

Health inequality confounds many economic, social, and political issues. Together characterised as social determinants, these problems specify a population’s health by impacting health status and maternal mortality. This research essay aims to analyse how social determinants of health explain health inequalities in Nigeria’s maternal mortality rate (MMR). The second-largest MMR in 2008 in Nigeria was numbered 50,000, with an estimate of 840/per 100,000 live births (Hogan et al., 2008). Th...

Knowledge and Practice of Complementary Feeding Among the Mothers of the Child aged group 06-24 months in Dar es Salam, Tanzania

Introduction. Early initiation of complementary foods before six months and late initiation after six months are linked with an increased incidence of negative health outcomes and poor nutrition in children. A household cross-sectional study was held in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania, to determine lactating mothers' knowledge and practices regarding complementary feeding to their children aged 6 to 24 months. Methods: The study was a community-based cross-sectional study conducted...

ROLE OF BACILLUS CALMETTE GUERIN (BCG) VACCINE AND RECENT ADVANCES IN TUBERCULOSIS (TB) VACCINOLOGY

Tuberculosis (TB) has been a leading cause of death in the world, especially to immunocompromised individuals. The need to create awareness on recent advances in tuberculosis vaccinology , to determine how Bacillus Calmette Guerin (BCG) vaccine has aid to reduce the contraction of tuberculosis is importance. Currently, newer vaccine development is an active area of research and development (R&D) to limit Tb infection, reactivate latent Tb and tackle the  spread of MDR/XDR-Tb. The relat...

Barriers to Utilization of Research Findings by Registered Nurses Practicing in Bingham University Teaching Hospital Jos, Plateau State.

ABSTRACTThis study sought to identify barriers of utilization of research findings by registered nurses practicing in Bingham University Teaching Hospital, Jos. Among the specific purpose of the study were to identify common research findings used in the hospital by nurses, barriers of utilization of research findings and strategies to be used for effective utilization of research findings by nurses in the hospital. The adopted design was a descriptive research design. The study was car...

PHARMACOGNOSTIC INVESTIGATION, ISOLATION, CHARACTERIZATION AND CONFIRMATION OF THE STRUCTURE OF PHENACETINE EXTRACTED FROM THE DRIED POWDERED LEAVES OF TRADITIONAL MEDICINAL PLANT ALLOPHYLUS

AbstractPharmacognostic investigation involving organoleptic evaluation, fluorescent analysis, phytochemical screening and mineral analysis was carried out on the dried powdered leaves of Allophylus africanus used for treating pain, headaches, common cold, Fever and as antibiotics in Eastern Province of Sierra Leone. The powdered leaves were light brown in colour with woody odour, bitter taste and gave significant fluorescent derivatives with the reagents 1M NaOH (aq), 1M NaOH(alc.), Ammonia,...

Profile of Antibiotics Use at Regional Hospital Buea, South West Region Cameroon

ABSTRACTThe indiscriminate use of antibiotics has become a global problem with implications for effective therapy of infections and dose resistance. The objective of this study is to determine the profile of antibiotic use at the Regional Hospital Buea. The data used for this study was obtained using a Checklist and the data obtained were analysed with the aid of Statistical Package for the Social Sciences and presented in a percentage table. In this study females were higher 83(55.3%), whic...

A 10 Year Chronological Review on Safety Practice in Selected Firms and Its Effect on the Professional Outlook (Case Study: Dangote Cement Plc)

TABLE OF CONTENTSCERTIFICATIONDEDICATIONACKNOWLEDGEMENTTABLE OF CONTENTSLIST OF TABLESABSTRACTCHAPTER ONE1.1 INTRODUCTION1.1 PROBLEM STATEMENT1.1 AIM OF THE STUDY1.2 OBJECTIVE OF THE STUDY1.3 PURPOSE OF THE STUDY1.4 SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY1.5 RESEARCH QUESTIONS1.6 RESEARCH HYPOTHESIS1.7 LIMITATION OF THE STUDY1.8 DEFINITION OF TERMSCHAPTER TWOLITERATURE REVIEW2.1 CONCEPTUAL REVIEW2.1.2 HEALTH AND SAFETY AT WORK:2.1.3 BUILDING ...

Effects of Ethanolic Leaf Extract of Piper Guineense on the Liver of Paraquat Exposed Adult Male Wistar Rats

AbstractPiper guineense (Uziza in Igbo) is a medicinal plant whose leaves are commonly used as spices. This study is to investigate the effects of the ethanolic leaf extracts of P.guineense on the histology of the liver, liver biomarker enzymes of paraquat-induced Thirty (30) adult male Wistar rats weighing between 160g – 200g which was randomly assigned to six Groups (A-F) of 5 rats each.  The co...

Seroprevalence of Hepatitis B and C Viral Infections among Type 2 Diabetics: A Crosssectional Study in the Cape Coast Metropolis

Background: Type 2 diabetes comes with various complications and this may be compounded by morbidities of hepatitis B virus (HBV) and hepatitis C virus (HCV) infections. Aims: This study examined the prevalence of HBV and HCV infectionst among type 2 diabetics as well as its associated factors. This randomized cross‑sectional study was conducted at the Diabetic Clinic of the Central Regional Hospital, Cape Coast between December 2012 and April 2013. Subjects and Methods: A well‑stru...

Infectious Bronchitis Virus in Captured Free-Living, Free-Range and Intensively Reared Birds in Southwest Nigeria

AbstractInfectious bronchitis (IB) is an acute infectious viral disease causing severe economic losses in poultry production. In Nigeria, there has only been monitoring of the disease in chickens with little attention given to other bird species. For this study, blood samples were collected from 184 apparently healthy, unvaccinated birds which comprised of 61 captured free-living pigeons, 60 free range indigenous chickens and 63 intensively reared Japanese q...

Erratum: COVID-19 Home Remedies and Myths Becoming a Hazardous Health Infodemic?

Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) brought on several social, economic, political, and environmental challenges. What was mostly questioned was the efficacy of the Disaster Management Act 57 of 2002 (As Amended 16 of 2015) (DMA), which was used to declare COVID-19 a disaster. The concern was whether the DMA is able to deal with pandemics when its focus is mostly on climate-related disasters. Most public health emergencies experience the spread of overwhelming information, some of which ...

Investigating the Prevention and Mitigatory Role of Risk Communication in the COVID-19 Pandemic: A Case Study of Bloemfontein, South Africa

The South African disaster response activities surpass risk reduction since the implementation of the Disaster Management Act 57 of 2002 (DMA) and the National Disaster Management Framework of 2005 (NDMF). Risk reduction, in particular risk communication, remained unexploited until the occurrence of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic. The legislation and policy mandate a proactive approach for disaster management, requiring a focus on disaster risk reduction. Therefore, this st...

Relationship Between Palmar Dermatoglyphic Pattern and Academic Performance of Students in Selected Government Secondary

CHAPTER ONE1.0 INTRODUCTIONDermatoglyphics was derived from the Greek word, “dermis” meaning skin and “glyph”meaning curving. Dermatoglyphics is the science of configuration of epidermal ridges of thevolar surfaces of the fingers, toes, palms and soles (cummins and mildo, 1961).Dermatoglyphics is the scientific study of epidermal ridge (or papillary peaks) patterns on fingers (fingerprints) and palms (palmprints). Each person has distinct and unique ridges on the fingers and pal...

The Challenges of Media Sponsorship on Sport Development in Nigeria.

ABSTRACT         The research study investigated the challenges of media sponsorship on sport development in Nigeria.         To this end, the method used was survey method while questionnaire where administered to the respondents of the study as the instrument of data gathering exercise, the has a great effect in the world of sports.         Sports performance and achie...

Determinants of Utilization of Family Planning Services Among Women of Gambari Ward in Ilorin, kwara State.

ABSTRACTThis study was conducted on the determinants of utilization of family planning services among women of Gambari ward in Ilorin, Kwara State.The specific objectives were to determine the level of utilization of family planning services, to assess the level of knowledge of family planning among women of reproductive age group in Gambari Ward, to determine the proportion of women currently using family planning methods and to determine the proportion of women who wish to use family...


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