Medical & Health Sciences

Research Papers/Topics in Medical & Health Sciences

Awareness, knowledge and attitude on cleft lip and palate among antenatal clinic attendees of tertiary hospitals in Nigeria

Background: Adequate knowledge and awareness of cleft lip and palate (CLP) deformity may help to counter thenegative beliefs and attitudes toward the condition. The objective of this study was to assess the level of awareness,knowledge and attitude of women attending antenatal clinics about CLP.Materials and Methods: A cross‑sectional descriptive study with the aid of a structured interview administeredquestionnaire was conducted among 200 women attending antenatal clinics in three Federal ...

When Sleeps Takes Over: Exploring Narcolepsy As A Root Cause Of Excessive Day Time Sleepiness

Abstract Narcolepsy is a complex sleep disorder that causes excessive daytime sleepiness and sudden sleep attacks. It’s caused by a deficiency in a neurotransmitter called hypocretin, which regulates wakefulness. Narcolepsy also includes symptoms like cataplexy, sleep paralysis, and hallucinations. The root cause is the loss or dysfunction of hypocretin-producing neurons in the brain. Despite being misunderstood, recognizing the symptoms of excessive daytime sleepiness is crucial for identi...

Efficacy and Challenges in Usage of Gut Microbiome in Management of Hypertension

Even though there is plethora of scientific literature available regarding the role of gut microbiome in hypertension, but till date,  there is neither clarity nor established guidelines and consensus regarding strain-specificity for hypertension in any of the existing national and international guidelines like European Society of Hypertension (ESH), International Society of Hypertension (ISH) etc. Innovative microbiome-based or targeted medication related research, which have the pote...

The Scope of Precision Medicine in Management of Type 2 Diabetic Patients with Hypertension

There is an exponential increase in prevalence of diabetes and hypertension worldwide and more so in India, and despite of numerous state and national awareness programs and evidence-based approach in management of these diseases, the burden of mortality and morbidity, instead of decreasing, has been rapidly climbing upwards. Hence, there is definite need of precision medicine approach, even though the pathway would be challenging, can provide more precise treatment to an individual base...

COVID 19 – History and Scientific Progress in Treatment

The coronavirus disease 19 (COVID-19) is a highly transmittable and pathogenic viral infection caused by severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2), which emerged in Wuhan, China and spread around the world. Genomic analysis revealed that SARS-CoV-2 is phylogenetically related to severe acute respiratory syndrome-like (SARS-like) bat viruses, therefore bats could be the possible primary reservoir. The intermediate source of origin and transfer to humans is not known, howeve...

Prevalence of Hydatid Cysts in Liver and Lungs of Cattle Slaughtered in Selected Abattoirs in Northern Nigeria

ABSTRACT  This study was conducted to determine the prevalence and fertility of Hydatid cysts of Echinococcus granulosus in Cattle slaughtered in selected abattoirs in Northern Nigeria and Federal Capital Territory (FCT) from February to December, 2022. Gross examination was carried out by visual inspection and palpation of lungs and liver of 1,881 Cattle in order to determine the availability and organ localization of hydatid cysts. A total of 95(5.1%) of the study population harboured one ...

Immune checkpoint molecules B7‐1 and B7‐H1 as predictive markers of pre‐eclampsia: A case–control study in Ghana

Background/Aim: Immune tolerance in the fetal–maternal junction is maintained by a balance in the Th1/Th2 system. Th1‐type immunity is associated with pro‐inflammatory cytokines and immune checkpoint molecules (ICMs) such as B7‐H1, while Th2‐type immunity is characterized by anti‐inflammatory cytokines and ICMs such as B7‐1. Any imbalance in the Th1/Th2 immune system may lead to adverse pregnancy outcomes such as pre‐eclampsia (PE). Hitherto, the potential of serum B7‐1 and ...

Assessment of the Thermal and Non-thermal Impact of Ultrasound

Abstract The research was conducted on the topic “Assessment Of The Thermal And Non-Thermal Impact Of Ultrasound, A Case Study Of Ahmadu Bello University Teaching Hospital, Shika Zaria”. Ultrasound sonography is an imaging technique of generating images using a very high frequency sound wave. Sound is a mechanical, vibration form of energy. Ultrasound for medical imaging is generated in special crystalline materials which, when electrically excited, are capable of vibrating at frequen...

Factors Related to Non-Adherence to Dietary Modification Among Patients with Diabetes Mellitus: A Study at Holy Family Hospital, Nkawkaw

ABSTRACT Diabetes is one of the most rapidly increasing non communicable diseases which has emerged as a public health concern across the world. Adherence to recommended dietary practices for patients with diabetes is very critical to achieve optimal metabolic control, as non-adherence is associated with adverse effects, which eventually lead to major complications. The study assessed factors related to non-adherence to dietary modification among patients with diabetes attending clinic at Ho...

Physiological Effects of Brisk Walking, Yoga and Non-walking on Metabolic Parameters and Anthropometry among Type 2 Diabetic Patients

Abstract Background: The incidence of type 2 diabetes is increasing with the increase in age, physical inactivity and sedentary lifestyle. Main treatment goals of type 2 diabetes are maintenance of good metabolic control, prevention of complications, improvement of psychological health and quality of life.  Objective: To compare the Physiological effects of brisk walking, yoga and non-walking among type 2 diabetic patients.  Material and Methods: Out of 120 patients 45 agreed for brisk w...

Factors Associated with Patient Waiting Time at a Medical Outpatient Clinic: A Case Study of University of Nairobi Health Services

Background: Excessive long waiting time in outpatient clinics in Africa is a constant challenge for patients and the health providers of these facilities. Prolonged waiting times are associated with poor adherence to treatment, missed appointment and failure or delay in initiation of necessary treatment. The time a patient spends at each service point before being attended to by a health provider and the overall total time a patient spends in a health facility from the arrival time to the dep...

Causes Prevalence and Control of Anxiety Disorder Among Adults in FCT

ABSTRACT Anxiety is a behavioral trait often described as apprehension about a coming event, and it is normal and appropriate to the situation. Like most biological processes, it exists as a continuum. However, when anxiety becomes excessive around normal events, causing distress and affecting quality of life, it is considered a disorder. Most of the previous studies conducted in Nigeria on mental disorders among the older adults in FCT Abuja, assessed anxiety but did not report on the prev...

Configuration of E-health System in Real Time Pandemics

This thesis has been prepared for the interuniversity postgraduate program in Health Care Management and Health Care Informatics. Its purpose is to study the current situation of Pandemic Response Information Systems and to make suggestions for the improvement of the situation by creating a Single Pandemic Response Information System. In the first chapter, the needs and challenges of Health Information Systems are mentioned and a brief analysis of the situation which exists at the global and ...

COMMUNITY HEALTH AND NUTRITION PROGRAMS - ΣΤΑΥΡΟΥΛΑ ΜΑΡΙΝΗ - ΔΙΑΤΡΟΦΗ ΣΤΗΝ ΚΟΙΝΟΤΗΤΑ

The dissemination and adoption of healthy eating habits is a key determinant of individual health advocacy, and a key factor for promoting public health. Changes of modern lifestyle, decreases of leisure time, evolution of the family structure and subsequent adoption of new dietary habits, leading to consumption of ready meals and standard, is one of the most serious challenges for the public health in today's world. At the same time, the routine cultivation of aesthetic patterns which deviat...


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