Effect Of Activity Based Budgeting On Resource Based Performance In Universities In Western Kenya

ABSTRACT

Resource Based Performance (RBP) is an innovative construct of an organisation,

encompassing strategy, formal structure, and customer to supplier relationships; including

innovation and technological capabilities; on which performance is tested. Firm success is not

necessarily associated with market power or industry structure, but rather the result of

innovation and new technologies which are critical in influencing the dynamics of external

environment and competition. In essence, the resource-based theory explores the origins of

competitive advantage and superior performance. Activity based budgeting has been

recognized for lending this to performance. Previous studies on ABB have focused the

context of business organization whereas; it is evident that there is increased information

requiring attention on Resource Based performance analysis. Effect of activity based

budgeting on resource based performance in universities, although important has not been

given adequate attention. Available literature show minimum effort in establishing the

relationship. Despite the value of activity based budgeting and its implementation by

universities, there is evidence of fluctuating performance of the universities resources. The

purpose of this study was therefore to analyze the effect of activity based budgeting on

resource based performance in Universities in Western Kenya. Specific objectives of the

study were to; establish effect of activity based budgeting on budget goal reallocation,

determine contribution of activity based budgeting on implementation timelines, determine

effect of activity based budgeting on effective budget resource application and analyze effect

of activity based budgeting on value of the firm. The study adopted correlation research

design. The null hypotheses were that; activity based budgeting measured in terms Cost-

Revenue measurement, activity time measurement and activity to activity relationship do not

significantly affect resource based performance in the universities. The study was guided by

goal setting theory, cognitive evaluation and the accounting tool of balance scorecard. The

study was conducted in Western Kenya on 21 Universities with a target population of 36

finance management officers; comprising of Finance Officers and Senior Internal Auditors

where N=32 and 4 was used for piloting. A census survey was conducted on the entire target

population. Primary data consisting of respondent opinion and secondary data was collected

by use of structured questionnaires and secondary data schedules. Means, standard deviation,

correlation, and regression were used to analyse data. Validity test revealed respondents‟

knowledge of the tools, while cronbach‟s Alpha reliability coefficient was 0.7, meaning scale

items were 70% reliable. The result of the study has potential of contributing knowledge to be

used by scholars and researcher as reference material and it was also be useful to policy

makers to lay strategies on how to reduce cost and maximize profit. Regression results reveal

R2 of 0.637 to budget goal reallocation, 0.724 for implementation timelines, 0.698 to

effective budget resource application and 0.627 to Value to the firm, implying that ABB

account for 63.7% of budget goal reallocation, 72.4% of implementation timelines,69.8% to

effective budget resource application and 62.7% of Value to the firm, all significant at

p

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APA

OCHIENG, C (2021). Effect Of Activity Based Budgeting On Resource Based Performance In Universities In Western Kenya. Afribary. Retrieved from https://afribary.com/works/effect-of-activity-based-budgeting-on-resource-based-performance-in-universities-in-western-kenya

MLA 8th

OCHIENG, CAROLYNE "Effect Of Activity Based Budgeting On Resource Based Performance In Universities In Western Kenya" Afribary. Afribary, 08 May. 2021, https://afribary.com/works/effect-of-activity-based-budgeting-on-resource-based-performance-in-universities-in-western-kenya. Accessed 14 Jun. 2024.

MLA7

OCHIENG, CAROLYNE . "Effect Of Activity Based Budgeting On Resource Based Performance In Universities In Western Kenya". Afribary, Afribary, 08 May. 2021. Web. 14 Jun. 2024. < https://afribary.com/works/effect-of-activity-based-budgeting-on-resource-based-performance-in-universities-in-western-kenya >.

Chicago

OCHIENG, CAROLYNE . "Effect Of Activity Based Budgeting On Resource Based Performance In Universities In Western Kenya" Afribary (2021). Accessed June 14, 2024. https://afribary.com/works/effect-of-activity-based-budgeting-on-resource-based-performance-in-universities-in-western-kenya