This research work is a careful study of effects of facility management on urban water supply in Owerri capital city of Imo state. The work was a handiwork of thorough and detailed fact finding task about â€˜facility managementâ€™ and â€˜urban water supplyâ€™ embarked upon by the researcher as is portrayed in various chapters and sections of this report. This work therefore tends to disclose the existence of limited and poor assess to good and safe drinkable water to many Nigerian citizens with direct reference to ones residing in Owerri the capital city of Imo State despite the availability of too many water sources and options abundant in the area and the country in general.
The study revealed the poor attitude of government workers in the ministry of water resources of the state which led to several water supply management problems like poor record keeping of the conditions of water facilities in the area, communication gap and water scarcity in the area. Also revealed was the inability of the state government to conclude the MDG water project in the state for very long time which would have minimized the suffering of the people. The masses who this report gathered to be consistent to reasonable extent in paying their taxes preferred the government to provide better social facilities with their public fund instead of allowing them to cater for their needs themselves. The government in conclusion were urged to harness other alternative sources of water supplies available to the masses like the bore-holes, rain and stream waters and put them in better conditions so as to prevent the public from getting health problems related with the use of dirty ad unclean water.
In the course of the research, many existing articles, journals, periodicals and statistical records were gathered from reliable sources and used in the compilation process. The researcher also made use of primary data collected through interviews and questionnaires. The structured questionnaire which was captioned â€œEffects of Facility Management On Urban Water Supply In Owerri Capital City of Imo State, Nigeria â€“ Questionnaire (EFM-UWSOCISNQ) was distributed to both (senior and junior) staffs in Imo state ministry of water resources and tenants living in the Owerri metropolis amounting to 92 final sample size gotten from a sample population of 220 people chosen by the researcher.
Data collected were presented and analysed with the help of the 2 hypotheses and research questions contained in the work. The sample size was determined using the Yaro Yamani statistical tool while the hypotheses were tested with the Chi- square (X2) method of analysis.
Just as every good work would never come so easy, there also existed several challenges that in one way or the other constrained the researcher from producing a totally constraint-free research report. Like every other post graduate student, severe academic and work demands competed for limited time available for carrying out this research work. Official laxity or bureaucratic bottlenecks better put severally reared its ugly head as the researcher never got any needed assistance or information from Imo state ministry of water resources without passing through unnecessary delays and postponements. Unforgettably, limited finance almost quenched the processes of this research as the researcher had to extend his tentacles far and wide to source information and materials on the research topic as very scanty or none existed prior to this work.
Summary, recommendation and conclusion were clearly stated at the final chapter of this work, they were arrived at based on the findings and analysis of data and facts gotten from chapters three and four respectively.
TABLE OF CONTENTS
1.1BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY
1.2STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM
1.3PURPOSE OF THE STUDY
1.4SCOPE OF THE STUDY
1.5SIGINIFICANCE OF THE STUDY
1.9DEFINITION OF TERMS
REVIEW OF RELATED LITERATURE
2.2 CONCEPTUAL/THEORETICAL FRAMEWORK
2.3 EMPIRICAL FRAMEWORK
2.4 MAINTENANCE AND MANAGEMENT OF STATUS OF WATER FACILITIES
2.4.1 MAINTENANCE AND MANAGEMENT OF STATUS OF WATER FACILITIES TOWARDS ACHIEVING PURE WATER SUPPLY IN OWERRI
2.4.2SOURCES OF WATER
2.4.3PLANNING WATER SUPPLY SYSTEM:
2.4.4 FACTORS RESPONSIBLE FOR WATER SUPPLY SHORTAGE
2.4.5MAINTENANCE PLANNING CONCEPTS
2.4.6 MANAGEMENT OF STATE WATER AGENCIES (SWA)
2.4.7 EFFECT OF PERCEPTION OF THE GENERAL PUBLIC ON THE ATTITUDE OF GOVERNMENT AND ITS AGENCIES IN DISCHARGING OF THEIR STATUTORY RESPONSIBILITY.
2.4.8 GOVERNMENT OR PUBLIC INVOLVEMENT IN THE WATER PROBLEM
2.4.9POSSIBLE PUBLIC HEALTH PROBLEMS CONFRONTING THE INHABITANTS/TENANTS LIVING IN OWERRI URBAN AS A RESULT OF (DIRTY) UNSAFE WATER SUPPLY
2.5.0WATER â€“ RELATED AND WATER BORNE DISEASES.
2.5.1SECURITY LEVEL AND â€œpHâ€ VALUE OF WATER SUPPLY FROM THE BOREHOLES IN THE STUDY AREA.
2.5.2THE MAJOR CHEMICAL AND PHYSICAL PROPERTIES OF WATER (WIKIPEDIA, 2011).
2.5.3QUALITY OF WATER AND TREATMENT
2.6 TYPICAL ANALYSIS OF WATER
2.7 LIMITATIONS OF CHEMICALS IN DRINKING WATER
2.8STUDY OF WATER REQUIREMENT
2.8.4 DISTRIBUTION WORKS
2.8.5 METHODS OF DISTRIBUTION
2.8.6 WATER DEMAND (ISSUES)
2.8.7 DESIGN PERIOD
2.8.8 POPULATION FORECAST
2.9 FACTORS RESPONSIBLE FOR WATER SUPPLY SHORTAGE
2.9.1 MAINTENANCE OF HYDRAULIC INTEGRITY
2.9.2 PIPE FAILURES
2.9.3 PRESSURE VARIATION
2.9.4 EMERGENCY CONDITION AND PLANNED MAINTENANCE -
2.9.5 SYSTEM AGING
2.9.6 OPERATIONAL PRACTICE
2.9.8 REDUCTION IN CARRYING CAPACITY
2.9.8 USER INSENSITIVITY/INERTIA
2.10 SUMMARY OF REVIEW OF RELATED LITERATURE
3.1 RESEARCH DESIGN
3.2POPULATION OF THE STUDY
3.3SAMPLE AND SAMPLING TECHNIQUE
3.5VALIDATION AND RELIABILITY OF THE INSTRUMENT
3.1DATA COLLECTION PROCEDURE
3.2DATA ANALYSIS TECHNIQUES
ANALYSIS AND INTERPRETATION OF DATA
4.2RESPONSE TO QUESTIONNAIRE
4.3 DATA ANALYSIS
4.4TEST OF HYPOTHESIS
SUMMARY OF THE FINDINGS CONCLUSION AND RECOMMENDATION
5.1 SUMMARY OF THE FINDINGS
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