1.1 BACKGROUND OF STUDY
Financial Statement Analysis is a method of reviewing and analyzing a company’s accounting reports (financial statements) in order to gauge its past, present or projected future performance. This process of reviewing the financial statements allows for better economic decision making.
Globally, publicly listed companies are required by law to file their financial statements with the relevant authorities. For example, publicly listed firms in America are required to submit their financial statements to the Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC). Firms are also obligated to provide their financial statements in the annual report that they share with their stakeholders. As financial statements are prepared in order to meet requirements, the second step in the process is to analyze them effectively so that future profitability and cash flows canbe forecasted.Therefore, the main purpose of financial statement analysis is to utilize information about the past performance of the company in order to predict how it will fare in the future. Another important purpose of the analysis of financial statements is to identify potential problem areas and troubleshoot those problems.
There are different users of financial statement analysis. These can be classified into internal and external users. Internal users refer to the management of the company who analyzes financial statements in order to make decisions related to the operations of the company. On the other hand, external users do not necessarily belong to the company but still hold some sort of financial interest. These include owners, investors, creditors, government, employees, customers, and the general public.The managers of the company use their financial statement analysis to make intelligent decisions about their performance. For instance, they may determine cost per distribution channel, or how much cash they have left, from their accounting reports and make decisions from these analysis results.
KATES, M (2021). EFFECT OF FINANCIAL ANALYSIS ON INVESTMENT DECISION IN A MANUFACTURING COMPANY A STUDY OF DANGOTE GROUP OF COMPANIES (DANGOTE CEMENT FACTORY). Afribary. Retrieved from https://afribary.com/works/effect-of-financial-analysis-on-investment-decision-in-a-manufacturing-company-a-study-of-dangote-group-of-companies-dangote-cement-factory
KATES, MEZUMA "EFFECT OF FINANCIAL ANALYSIS ON INVESTMENT DECISION IN A MANUFACTURING COMPANY A STUDY OF DANGOTE GROUP OF COMPANIES (DANGOTE CEMENT FACTORY)" Afribary. Afribary, 07 Jul. 2021, https://afribary.com/works/effect-of-financial-analysis-on-investment-decision-in-a-manufacturing-company-a-study-of-dangote-group-of-companies-dangote-cement-factory. Accessed 26 Jan. 2022.
KATES, MEZUMA . "EFFECT OF FINANCIAL ANALYSIS ON INVESTMENT DECISION IN A MANUFACTURING COMPANY A STUDY OF DANGOTE GROUP OF COMPANIES (DANGOTE CEMENT FACTORY)". Afribary, Afribary, 07 Jul. 2021. Web. 26 Jan. 2022. < https://afribary.com/works/effect-of-financial-analysis-on-investment-decision-in-a-manufacturing-company-a-study-of-dangote-group-of-companies-dangote-cement-factory >.
KATES, MEZUMA . "EFFECT OF FINANCIAL ANALYSIS ON INVESTMENT DECISION IN A MANUFACTURING COMPANY A STUDY OF DANGOTE GROUP OF COMPANIES (DANGOTE CEMENT FACTORY)" Afribary (2021). Accessed January 26, 2022. https://afribary.com/works/effect-of-financial-analysis-on-investment-decision-in-a-manufacturing-company-a-study-of-dangote-group-of-companies-dangote-cement-factory