Effects of Bio-pesticides on Eretmocerus warrae (Hym., Aphelinidae), a Parasitoid of Bemisia Tabaci (Hom., Aleyrodidae)

Abstract:

The sweet potato whitefly Bemisia tabaci (WF) can be controlled by two commercial neem products, NeemAzal-T/S (1% azadirachtin) for foliar application, and NeemAzal-U (17% azadirachtin) for soil application, alongwith two biorational products of microbial origin, Abamectin (avermectin) and Success (spinosad). Side effects of these products were tested in a laboratory bioassay against a native aphelinid, Eretmocerus warrae (EW). Eggs and early larval instars of the parasitoid, commonly found outside the host body, were highly susceptible to foliar spray of neem with only 8%, 18% and 55% emergences of adults from treated eggs. larval and pupal stages respectively at recommended doserates of 5 ml/l and 1%, 8% and 40% at twice recommend dose-rate (10 ml/l). Soil application with NeemAzal-U marginally affected EW. At highest tested dose-rate of 3.0 g/l, 46%, 64% and 81% emergence was recorded after treatement of plants harbouring WF parasitized by egg, larval and pupal stages of EW respectively. In contrast to neem application, Success and Abamectin caused high mortality in development stages of the parasitoids. In particular, abamectin was highly toxic to the parasitoids with less than 1% emergence from either of the three development stages if treated with 1–2 ml/l.
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APA

P., K , P., K , P., K & P., K (2024). Effects of Bio-pesticides on Eretmocerus warrae (Hym., Aphelinidae), a Parasitoid of Bemisia Tabaci (Hom., Aleyrodidae). Afribary. Retrieved from https://afribary.com/works/effects-of-bio-pesticides-on-eretmocerus-warrae-hym-aphelinidae-a-parasitoid-of-bemisia-tabaci-hom-aleyrodidae

MLA 8th

P., Kumar et. al. "Effects of Bio-pesticides on Eretmocerus warrae (Hym., Aphelinidae), a Parasitoid of Bemisia Tabaci (Hom., Aleyrodidae)" Afribary. Afribary, 10 Mar. 2024, https://afribary.com/works/effects-of-bio-pesticides-on-eretmocerus-warrae-hym-aphelinidae-a-parasitoid-of-bemisia-tabaci-hom-aleyrodidae. Accessed 21 May. 2024.

MLA7

P., Kumar, Kumar P. , Kumar P. and Kumar P. . "Effects of Bio-pesticides on Eretmocerus warrae (Hym., Aphelinidae), a Parasitoid of Bemisia Tabaci (Hom., Aleyrodidae)". Afribary, Afribary, 10 Mar. 2024. Web. 21 May. 2024. < https://afribary.com/works/effects-of-bio-pesticides-on-eretmocerus-warrae-hym-aphelinidae-a-parasitoid-of-bemisia-tabaci-hom-aleyrodidae >.

Chicago

P., Kumar , P., Kumar , P., Kumar and P., Kumar . "Effects of Bio-pesticides on Eretmocerus warrae (Hym., Aphelinidae), a Parasitoid of Bemisia Tabaci (Hom., Aleyrodidae)" Afribary (2024). Accessed May 21, 2024. https://afribary.com/works/effects-of-bio-pesticides-on-eretmocerus-warrae-hym-aphelinidae-a-parasitoid-of-bemisia-tabaci-hom-aleyrodidae