Effects Of Embossed Picture Technique On Reading Performance Of Learners With Hearing Impairments: A Case Of Kambui School For The Deaf

ABSTRACT

The central problem of this study was that, despite the critical role of reading in promoting education of pupils with hearing impairments, their performance in reading remained low. The effect of embossed picture technique in teaching reading to the pupils with hearing impairments had not been addressed by the Ministry of education. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to find out the effect of embossed picture technique when used in teaching reading to the pupils with hearing impairments. The study was guided by Piaget‟s theory of human mental development. The study adopted an experimental design. The study was carried out at Kambui School for the Hearing Impaired located on Githunguri- Ruiru road in Central province, Kiambu District, Githunguri Division, Ngewa zone, three kilometres off Kwa-Maiko centre. The school was chosen since it caters for all categories of pupils with Hearing Impairments from nursery to class eight. The school also admits pupils from all over the country. Pupils were assigned randomly to the experimental and control groups. Each group consisted of 9 pupils totalling 18. Data were collected from both experimental and control groups for a period of 6 weeks. Criterion reference test (CTR) was used as a pre-test and post test for the purpose of data collection. The Mann- Whitney- Wilcoxon sum of rank test and the Kruskal-Wallis one way analysis of variance(ANOVA) were used to test the significant difference in performance in reading of pupils with hearing impairments taught with embossed picture technique and those taught with “look and say” method. To determine if there was any significant effect of the degree of hearing loss on performance of pupils with hearing impairments in reading, and the difference in performance of pupils of different ages when taught with embossed picture technique, the Kruskal-Wallis one-way Analysis of Variance (ANOVA) which takes care of small samples were used with the different degrees of hearing loss and the different ages as factors. The results showed that there is a high statistical significant difference between pupils taught with embossed picture technique and those taught with the look and say method. The results revealed that there is no significant age effect on reading performance of pupils with hearing impairments of different ages taught with embossed picture technique. The study revealed that there is no significant performance difference in reading of pupils with hearing impairments at different degrees of hearing loss when taught with embossed picture technique. In conclusion, pupils with hearing impairments performed better in reading when taught with embossed picture technique than those taught with the “look and say” method. Age did not affect the reading performance of pupils with hearing impairments when taught with embossed picture technique. Lastly the degree of hearing loss did not affect the reading performance of pupils with hearing impairments when taught with embossed picture technique. The recommendation to the Ministry of Education was that they should consider the use of embossed picture technique in teaching reading to pupils with hearing impairments in class one.

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APA

MUNYENDO, S (2021). Effects Of Embossed Picture Technique On Reading Performance Of Learners With Hearing Impairments: A Case Of Kambui School For The Deaf. Afribary. Retrieved from https://afribary.com/works/effects-of-embossed-picture-technique-on-reading-performance-of-learners-with-hearing-impairments-a-case-of-kambui-school-for-the-deaf

MLA 8th

MUNYENDO, SELLA "Effects Of Embossed Picture Technique On Reading Performance Of Learners With Hearing Impairments: A Case Of Kambui School For The Deaf" Afribary. Afribary, 30 May. 2021, https://afribary.com/works/effects-of-embossed-picture-technique-on-reading-performance-of-learners-with-hearing-impairments-a-case-of-kambui-school-for-the-deaf. Accessed 25 May. 2024.

MLA7

MUNYENDO, SELLA . "Effects Of Embossed Picture Technique On Reading Performance Of Learners With Hearing Impairments: A Case Of Kambui School For The Deaf". Afribary, Afribary, 30 May. 2021. Web. 25 May. 2024. < https://afribary.com/works/effects-of-embossed-picture-technique-on-reading-performance-of-learners-with-hearing-impairments-a-case-of-kambui-school-for-the-deaf >.

Chicago

MUNYENDO, SELLA . "Effects Of Embossed Picture Technique On Reading Performance Of Learners With Hearing Impairments: A Case Of Kambui School For The Deaf" Afribary (2021). Accessed May 25, 2024. https://afribary.com/works/effects-of-embossed-picture-technique-on-reading-performance-of-learners-with-hearing-impairments-a-case-of-kambui-school-for-the-deaf