Effects of Nitrogen and Potassium Combinations on Yields and Infestations of Maize by Busseola fusca (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) in the Humid Forest of Cameroon

Abstract:

Field trials were set up in the humid forest zone of Cameroon to investigate the effects of combinations of different rates of nitrogen (N) (0, 60, and 120 kg N ha 1) and potassium (K) (0, 80, and 160 kg K ha 1) applied to the soil on the incidence and damage of the noctuid stemborer Busseola fusca (Fuller), and on maize, Zea mays L., yield. Each N/K combination had an insecticide control to assess yield losses due to borers. In contrast to N, K had no effect on plant growth and borer incidence and damage. Across seasons and days after planting, total plant dry matter(DM)production increased withNlevel and it was 1.2Ð1.9 and 1.7Ð2.2 times, respectively, higher at 60 and 120 kgNha 1 compared with 0 kg N ha 1. Total DM at harvest was strongly related to the N content of the plant at 63 d after planting. At the early growth stage, borer abundance and stem tunneling tended to increase with N level, but percentages of dead hearts did not vary with treatment. Maize grain yields increased linearly withNlevel, but grain yield losses decreased depending on season. Grain yield losses were 11Ð18.2 times higher with 0 kgNha 1 compared with 120 kgNha 1. The Þndings so far indicated that, soil application of N improves the nutritional status of maize, which consequently enhanced its tolerance to stemborer attacks. Improving soil fertility can thus be a very effective means of complementing integrated stemborer control in the humid forest zone of Cameroon.
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APA

A., C (2024). Effects of Nitrogen and Potassium Combinations on Yields and Infestations of Maize by Busseola fusca (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) in the Humid Forest of Cameroon. Afribary. Retrieved from https://afribary.com/works/effects-of-nitrogen-and-potassium-combinations-on-yields-and-infestations-of-maize-by-busseola-fusca-lepidoptera-noctuidae-in-the-humid-forest-of-cameroon

MLA 8th

A., Chabi-Olaye "Effects of Nitrogen and Potassium Combinations on Yields and Infestations of Maize by Busseola fusca (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) in the Humid Forest of Cameroon" Afribary. Afribary, 10 Mar. 2024, https://afribary.com/works/effects-of-nitrogen-and-potassium-combinations-on-yields-and-infestations-of-maize-by-busseola-fusca-lepidoptera-noctuidae-in-the-humid-forest-of-cameroon. Accessed 29 May. 2024.

MLA7

A., Chabi-Olaye . "Effects of Nitrogen and Potassium Combinations on Yields and Infestations of Maize by Busseola fusca (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) in the Humid Forest of Cameroon". Afribary, Afribary, 10 Mar. 2024. Web. 29 May. 2024. < https://afribary.com/works/effects-of-nitrogen-and-potassium-combinations-on-yields-and-infestations-of-maize-by-busseola-fusca-lepidoptera-noctuidae-in-the-humid-forest-of-cameroon >.

Chicago

A., Chabi-Olaye . "Effects of Nitrogen and Potassium Combinations on Yields and Infestations of Maize by Busseola fusca (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) in the Humid Forest of Cameroon" Afribary (2024). Accessed May 29, 2024. https://afribary.com/works/effects-of-nitrogen-and-potassium-combinations-on-yields-and-infestations-of-maize-by-busseola-fusca-lepidoptera-noctuidae-in-the-humid-forest-of-cameroon