CHAPTER ONE1.0 INTRODUCTION1.1 Background of StudyThere is need for affordable building materials in providing adequate housing for teamingpopulace of the world. The cost of conventional building materials continue to increase asmajority of the population continues to fall below the poverty line. Thus, there is the need tosearch for local materials as alternatives for the construction of functional but low-cost buildingsin both the rural and urban areas. Some of the local materials that have been used as earthenplaster (Svoboda and Prochazka, 2012), lateritic interlocking blocks (Raheem et al., 2012) andpalm kernel shell (Raheem et al., 2012). Continuous generation of waste arising from industrial by-products and agricultural residue,create acute environmental problems both in terms of their treatment and disposal. Theconstruction industry has been identified as one that absorbs the majority of such materials asfiller in concrete. If these fillers have Pozzolanic properties, they impart technical advantages tothe resulting concrete and also enable larger quantities of cement replacement to be achieved.Wastes can be defined as by-products of agricultural farm produce and industrial processeswhich do not essentially have anything to do with the building, but with special processing andtreatment or in conjunction with other materials, can economically substitute (or even improvethe quality of) convention building materials (Raheem et al., 2012).Sawdust is a waste material from the timber industry. It is produced as timber is sawn into planksat saw mills located virtually at all the major towns in the country. This process is a daily activity1
causing heaps of saw dust to be generated after each day. In order to overcome these problems ofdisposal, method of recycling and re-use of the materials by burning them into ashes and used asbuilding and construction materials have been developed. This is beneficial because it could beused to partially replace cement thereby bringing down the cost of construction. The need to convert this waste product into useful by-products is the focus of this study.1.2 Justification of StudyPortland cement is generally associated with high cost and short supplies; its production iscapital intensive and environmentally unfriendly. For these reasons, using materials like sawdustash as partial replacement materials for cement will reduce the cost of production, cost oftransport, pollution and saving of the energy required to produce cement.More also, the intension to use sawdust ash as partial replacement materials for cement comesfrom the fact that the material are abundant and cost nothing since they are dumped at the timbershades as wastes.1.3 AimThe research shall seek to find out the mineral composition of saw dust ash and further test it as a cementreplacement alternative. The research shall also seek to find out the optimum mix design for the use ofsaw dust ash as a partial replacement of cement. This study shall positively contribute to future advances in green cement production in which theuse of limestone will have been reduced or eliminated altogether.2
1.4 Objectives of study. The objectives of this research study are as follows:(i) To study the effect of sawdust ash on compressive strength of concrete (ii) To analyze the properties of the saw dust ash concrete as compared to Portland cement(iii) To study the physical and mechanical properties of saw dust ash blended withcement in various mix proportion in mortar and concrete production.(iv)To evaluate the effect of sawdust ash on the setting time of cement paste(v) To evaluate the pozzolanic activity index of sawdust ash
NUHU, A (2019). Effects of sawdust Ash on some physical properties of concrete. Afribary.com: Retrieved January 25, 2020, from https://afribary.com/works/effects-of-sawdust-ash-on-some-physical-properties-of-concrete
AKWE, NUHU. "Effects of sawdust Ash on some physical properties of concrete" Afribary.com. Afribary.com, 24 Nov. 2019, https://afribary.com/works/effects-of-sawdust-ash-on-some-physical-properties-of-concrete . Accessed 25 Jan. 2020.
AKWE, NUHU. "Effects of sawdust Ash on some physical properties of concrete". Afribary.com, Afribary.com, 24 Nov. 2019. Web. 25 Jan. 2020. < https://afribary.com/works/effects-of-sawdust-ash-on-some-physical-properties-of-concrete >.
AKWE, NUHU. "Effects of sawdust Ash on some physical properties of concrete" Afribary.com (2019). Accessed January 25, 2020. https://afribary.com/works/effects-of-sawdust-ash-on-some-physical-properties-of-concrete