Research Papers/Topics in Civil Engineering

Dispersion Studies in River Ebere

ABSTRACT The Conventional Levenspiel and Smith fixed point continuous monitoring method is used in the evaluation of the dispersion number and the dispersion coefficient, I? of river Ebm under study. Comparisons were made with Agunwamba’s method and both methods for different results. The leverspiel and Smith method gave higher values than those obtained with the Agunwamba's method except in me station. This is due to experimental errors. The Agunwamba's method though more tedious gave mor...

Effects of Addition of Carbide on Sewage Degradation

ABSTRACT  The objective of this research is to investigate the effect of addition of carbide on sewage degradation. To provide answers to the above objective, some laboratory tests were conducted which include Biochemical Oxygen Demand (BOD), Chemical Oxygen Demand (COD), Total coliform, pH and Suspended Solids (SS) tests. Six experimental set ups of 5liters of sewage were constructed in the laboratory under anaerobic condition. Each of the sewage contained 0g (which served as control), 1g, ...

Simplified and Cost-Effective Method of Studying the Effect of Steel Fibers on Ultra-high Performance Concrete Specimens’ Properties/Members’ Performance

This research work, which presents a simplified technique of modelling steel fibers, uses python algorithm that can be directly run in ABAQUS to automatically generate the location and orientation of steel fibers in a rectangular ultra-high performance concrete specimen, so that the effect of steel fibers on the properties of such a specimen can be directly investigated through numerical simulation. This method is fast, can be applied to structural members of bigger dimensions (like beams,...

A Study on Bacterial Concrete

To study the effects of different types of bacteria on concrete. Develop a bacteria1 concrete by introducing the different bacteria. To study the efficiency of bacteria when mixed with mineral admixtures.  Good compressive strength by arriving at optimum proportions by tria1. To make a comparative study of bacteria1 concrete with norma1 concrete.

Field and Laboratory Investigation of the Influence of Fine Aggregate Angularity on Rutting of Flexible Pavement A Case study - Khartoum State

ABSTRACT  The primary purpose of this study is to identify the causes of rutting in highway pavements in the form of channelization particularly on wheel tracks resulting from high traffic repetitions and environmental effects. The rutting reduces the required performance due to poor hot mix asphalt (HMA) components and construction to mention a few. The study focused on the impact of fine aggregate angularity (FAA) to increase Asphalt layer stability. AASHTO testing method (T 304) was appli...

Bituminous Stabilization of Clay Soils for Road Construction

ABSTRACT The rate at which roads fail in Nigeria should worry any responsible citizen. Considering the enormous resource expended to construct a kilometer of road, it is heartbreaking when the same road fail barely six (6) months after construction. For in the life of our dear country, the all-important economic theory of opportunity cost is applicable just as it is elsewhere in the world. Stabilization is a viable alternative to achieving a durable road construction regime. Soil stabilizati...

Mixed Method in Elasticity in the Analysis of Layered Beams

TABLE OF CONTENTS ABSTRACT . . ACKNOWLEDGEMENT LIST OF TABLES LIST OF FIGURES LIST OF SYMBOLS CHAPTER ONE: INTRODUCTION . * . . . .  1.1 Approach To Elasticity Problems-General ..  1.2 Reduction Of A Two-Dimensional Problem To A One-Dimensional One . . . .  1.3 Vlasov's Mixed Method , . .  1.4 Aim And Scope . @ . .  1.5 Review Of Literature .a . .  CHAPTER TWO: FORMULATIONS OF THE GOVERNING EQUATIONS .. 0. . .  2.1 Plane Stress Formulation . . a .  2.2 Plane Strain Case . . . . . .  ...

Shear Behaviour of Reinforced Concrete Beams Using Granite As Coarse Aggregate Without Shear Links

This work considers the shear behavior of reinforced concrete beams using granite as coarseaggregate without shear links. Four reinforced concrete beams were cast and tested to understandthe shear behavior with varying tension reinforcement ratios. The beams were cast in two pairs;the first pair had a depth of 184mm, a width of 110mm, and a length of 1500mm. The second pairhad a depth of 150mm, a width of 90mm, and a length of 1000mm. The first and second pair ofbeams had span-to-depth ratios...

Kinetics of Lead Adsorption by Activated Rice Husk Ash

ABSTRACT  The need to clean-up heavy metals that contaminate water cannot be over emphasized. This paper examined the kinetics of lead adsorption using activated rice husk ash. The influences of contact time, adsorbent dose, pH and temperature on adsorption were investigated. From the results obtained, by analyzing the effect of contact time, it was discovered that maximum adsorption of about 90 % removal efficiency took 240 minutes using 0.2g of adsorbent. While in testing for the effect of...

Finite Strip Analysis of Continuous Thin-Walled Box Girder Bridges

ABSTRACT  Thin-walled box girder bridges are very efficient structural solution for long-span bridges because of their high torsional resistance, stability, economy, and aesthetic appearance. Though, this type of bridge is not common in Nigeria, it is envisaged that they may offer economic advantages in future high way projects in Nigeria. Analytically, however, the box girder bridge is a very complex indeterminate problem. Therefore, the primary objective of this research was to produce a r...

Appraisal of Construction Management Practice in Nigeria

ABSTRACT  Construction industry has complexity in it nature because it contains large number of parties such as clients, consultants and contractors. The factors that influence construction management practice differ from country to country, due to prevailing conditions. The objective of this project is to identify factors that influence construction management practice in Nigeria construction industry and elicit perceptions/ranking of the severity using relative importance index of the vari...

Modelling of Adsorption Efficiency for the Removal of Lead and Copper from Waste Water

Abstract  The focus of this research work is to derive a model that will be used to obtain the adsorption efficiency of an adsorbent for the removal of lead and copper from waste water. To date, the prevalence of adsorption separation remains an aesthetic attention and consideration abroad the nations owning to its low cost, simplicity of design, ease of operation, insensitivity to toxic substances and complete removal of pollutants even from solutions. The data points for this work were col...

Integrated Solar and Hydraulic Jump Enhanced Waste Stabilization Pond

ABSTRACT  This study on the integrated solar and hydraulic jump enhanced waste stabilization pond (ISHJEWSP) is aimed at determining the effect of variations in solar radiation, hydraulic jump, hydro-kinematic factors and pond geometry, on the treatment efficiency of wastewater in the ISHJEWSP. An equation to account for these effects was derived, calibrated and verified. An empirical regression model for the prediction of the Biochemical Oxygen Demand (BOD5) in the ISHJEWSP for sewage treat...

Analysis of Sandcrete Blocks Production by using different Sources of Sharp Sands in some Parts of South-East Geo-Political Zones. A Case Study Enugu and Ebonyi State

ABSTRACT  This study examined the experimental analysis of sandcrete block production by using different sources of sharp sands in Enugu and Ebonyi State of South East Geo-Political Zone. As a result of the increasing cost of block production, many manufacturers and builders have resorted to using samples of sharp sand from different locations without appropriate consideration of the material constituents of the samples thereby, resulting in poor and undurable sandcrete blocks production. In...

Spatial Variation of the Concentration of Heavy Metals in the Vicinity of a Dumpsite by Finite Volume Analysis

ABSTRACT The study aimed at investigating groundwater pollution in the vicinity of a municipal solid waste (MSW) dumpsite in order to reduce the risks of groundwater contamination and spread of water-borne diseases. To achieve this, the research tools used include model formulation, finite volume analysis, field collection of soil samples at Enugu Waste Management Authority (ESWAMA) dumpsite at various depths along radial sampling lines during wet and dry season periods. Heavy metals (Cu, Fe...


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