Research Papers/Topics in Civil Engineering

GEOTECHNICAL CHARACTERIZATION OF LATERITES STABILISED WITH SAWDUST ASH-LIME AS SUBGRADE MATERIAL IN ROAD CONSTRUCTION

ABSTRACT Samples  of  laterites  classified  by  American  Association  of  State  Highway  and  Transportation Officials (AASHTO) as A-7-6 and A-7-5, collected from two different borrow pits in Ado-Ekiti were tested for the assessment of their geotechnical properties in natural and stabilized states. The research is aimed at assessing effects of sawdust ash (SDA), lime and the combination of sawdust ash and lime (SDAL) on the proper...

Assessment of the effects of lime and cement on geotechnical properties of laterites

Abstract- Two different samples of soil tested as A-7-5 and A-7-6 were stabilized respectively with lime and cement. The samples were stabilized with the additives in steps of 2% and subjected to laboratory tests such as consistency limits, compaction, California bearing ratio (CBR) and unconfined compressive strength (UCS) until it reached 10% additives by weight of dry soil sample. The Proctor energy type of compaction and soaked method of CBR was adopted for the research while the compress...

Upgrade of Water Treatment Plants to Improve Nutrient Removal

Upgrade of wastewater treatment plants to improve nutrient removal.

Domestic water treatment using moringa oleifera seed powder

ABSTRACTMost people living in rural communities, have no access to good domestic water for consumption. The inhabitants depends on rain water, well water and sometimes surface water for consumption. Improper treatment of water gotten from these sources, can lead to the spread of water borne diseases, because, sometimes the water gotten from these sources are turbid. Although, some inhabitants use alum to treat the water so as to make the water clear. But excessive usa...

STRENGTH ASSESSMENT OF NO-FINES CONCRETE PAVEMENT

ABSTRACTThe purpose of this project work is to assess the strength of No-fines concrete pavement. No-Fines concrete is use in low traffic volume, pathways, sidewalk and parking lots. No-fines concrete is produced by using ordinary Portland cement, coarse aggregates, and water. In this study, Two (2) batches of no-fines concrete each with two different water – cement ratio 0.36 and 0.45 and cement – coarse aggregate 1:4 and 1:6 were prepared to find the mix that generated high compressive ...

The Geotechnical Properties of Soils along Appleton/Zoo Road

ABSTRACT This project was undertaken to determine the geotechnical properties of soils along Appleton/Zoo road. A total of nine (9) samples, both disturbed and undisturbed, were collected at chainages - 0+275, 0+325 and 0+525 respectively and each drilled to a depth of 1 m and at sampling depths of 0–0.3 m, 0.3–0.6 m and 0.6–1.0 m respectively. These samples were subjected to the following laboratory tests: Particle (grain) size analysis comprising determination of percentage ...

Stabilization Potential of Openly Burnt Coconut Waste AshesonA-7-5 Soi

Soil materials are a vital element in all civil engineering designs hence the first step in any geotechnical engineering project is to identify and describe the soil condition if not suitable, disposal or stabilization of the soil should be carried out . In lieu of these, this research was carried out to study the effects of coconut waste ash (CWA) derived from open uncontrolled burning on lime stabilized A-7-5 soil for road construction. Natural soil was collected from a borrow pit location ...

Dewatering in Construction Works

Dewatering means “the separation of water from the soil,” or perhaps “taking the water out of a particular construction problem completely.” Areas that once were deemed unsuitable for construction due to a high water table are now being developed to meet the needs of an increasing population. With the decline in land availability to build or expand highway networks above ground, underground facilities, such as mass-transit lines, may represent the future of transportation. Under...

A model for the evolution of concrete deterioration due to reinforcement corrosion

One of the most crucial factors affecting the service life of reinforced concrete (RC) structures attacked by aggressive ions is reinforcement corrosion. As the steel corrosion progresses, crack propagation in concrete medium endangers the serviceability and the strength of RC structural members. In this study, a nonlinear mathematical model for determining the displacement and stress fields in RC structures subjected to reinforcement corrosion is introduced. For corrosion produ...

Defluoridation of Water using Moringa Oleifera.

ABSTRACTThe primary objective of this study is to identify the most appropriate herbal plants for the removal of contaminants from water and also to develop a water treatment kit at an affordable cost for the society.  Moringa Oleifera was chosen for this study, the effectiveness of these herbs in the removal of fluoride from water shows that Moringa Oleifera is economically viable, physically feasible and socially acceptable. Moringa Oleifera seed is an organic material that has proven effe...

OPTIMUM DESIGN OF WELDED PLATE GIRDER

ABSTRACTThe Project work presents an Optimum design of welded plate girder. A simply supported plate girder with span of 15meters was chosen for the case study. The girder was subjected to a self-weight of 50KN/m and concentrated loads of 1000KN at 5m and 10m from the left support. The plate girder was analysed to get the design moments and shear forces. An initial manual design was carried out for the plate girder in accordance with BS 5950-2000. From the design, initial section parame...

Dealing With Problems with Lime Stabilization Using Woven Geotextile under Soaked Conditions

Abstract: This paper examined the basic engineering and geotechnical properties of poor subgrade soils using woven geotextile to stabilize it and to also deal with the problem with lime under soaked conditions, it is intended at increasing the strength and mechanical properties of the soil even in extreme conditions. This is considered to be of great importance in civil engineering works as road structures need to be catered for during rainy season. Subgrade soils, it...

Assessment of Physicochemical and Bacteriological Parameters of Borehole Water of Lekki

Global health issues have awakened Engineers to looking into the causes of most health challenges and looking for ways to improve health status of humans. Research has shown that poor water contributes to most human health challenges. Water contributes perhaps most importantly to everything called existence. Virtually everything requires water. All living things depends on water to survive, which varies from one organism to another based on sizes, and many other factors, hence, need to provid...

General Design Procedures for Airport-Based Solar Photovoltaic Systems

A source of large surface areas for solar photovoltaic (PV) farms that has been largely overlooked in the 13,000 United States of America (U.S.) airports. This paper hopes to enable PV deployments in most airports by providing an approach to overcome the three primary challenges identified by the Federal Aviation Administration (FAA): (1) reflectivity and glare; (2) radar interference; and (3) physical penetration of airspace. First, these challenges and precautions that must be adhered to fo...

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