Research Papers/Topics in Civil Engineering

ANALYSIS OF SANITATION AND WATERBORNE DISEASE OCCURRENCE IN ONDO STATE

ABSTRACTWaterborne  diseases  are  linked  to  significant  disease  burden  worldwide.  Waterborne  diarrhoea disease,  for  example,  is  responsible  for  tw o  million  deaths  each  year,  with  the  majority  occurring in  children  under  five.  Proper  household  water  and  sanitation  can,  however,  increase &...

CAUSES OF CRACKS IN STRUCTURES

Building cracks are most common type of problem in any type of building. So, it is important to understand the cause and the measures to be taken for prevention. Though cracks in concrete cannot be prevented entirely but they can be controlled by using adequate material and technique of construction and considering design criteria. Due to some faulty steps during construction or some unavoidable reasons different type of cracks starts to appear on various structural and non-structural parts o...

Micro-structural Analysis of Polymer Concrete

TABLE OF CONTENT CERTIFICATION       i   DEDICATION                   ii ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS                  iii TABLE OF CONTENT                  iv LIST OF FIGURES                   vii LIST OF PLATES                  viii LIST...

To soil shear strength, plastic limit, liquid limit and the liquidity index of clay soil, undrained triaxial compression test, empirical correlations, and statistical analysis of geotechnical

Soils for engineering use are often classified based on properties relative to foundation support or as they might perform under pavements and in earthworks. Geotechnical classification systems today are designed to make it easy to equate field observations to estimates of engineering properties. As moisture content of a clay-like soil increases, it goes through four distinct states of consistency: solid, semi-solid, plastic, and liquid. Each stage is defined by significant changes in s...

Investigation of Bamboo as Possible Substitute for Concrete as Main Building Material in Nigeria

ABSTRACTBamboo is one of the oldest traditional materials used by mankind. They are the largest members of the grass family and are the fastest growing in the world. Bamboo is a substitute building material which is renewable, environment friendly and widely available as the wood resources are diminishing and restrictions are imposed on the felling of the natural forest trees. Due to its rapid growth and high yield, adaptability to most climatic conditions and due to its properties, bamb...

EXPERIMENTAL ANALYSIS ON THE ENGINEERING PROPERTIES OF SOIL A CASE STUDY OF POLYUNWANA MICROFINANCE BANK

ABSTRACTSoil is the ultimate foundation material which supports the structure. The proper functioning of the structure will, therefore, depend on the engineering properties of the underlying soil. The objectives of this research are to investigate the engineering properties of soils found in the site by conduction different types of laboratory tests. This research work is useful in providing necessary data or information that can be used in designing Civil Engineering structures in the site. ...

Enhancing concrete properties with the use of coconut (coir) fibers and admixture

AbstractIn countries where industrialization is on the rise there is a corresponding increase in wasteproduction resulting from industries which eventually upsetsthe environment and communityfor which they provide. While most of these waste generated are hazardous and should bemanaged, others could be put to appropriate use either directly or after been recycled. Mostagro-waste can be recycled and be used asraw materialsfor manufacturing various products.This research is designed to investiga...

STABILIZATION OF SILTY CLAY SOIL USING CEMENT AND SAW DUST ASH samson et al

ABSTRACT Soils containing large quantities of clay and silt are the most burdensome to the engineer. These soils exhibit marked changes in volume with changes in water content and consequently affect the function of any layer lain upon it due to its shrink and up heave behavior when used as a subgrade or a layer built of it. The test assesses the geotechnical characteristics of silty clay soil in order to increase the shear strength and decrease the compressibility of the soil, so t...

Comparative Study On The Strength Of Lightweight Foamed Concrete Using Different Reagents (Lithofoam & Sodium Lauryl Sulphate)

ABSTRACTThis project presents the results of the investigation conducted on a lightweight foamed concrete using different reagents; Sodium Lauryl Sulphate (SLS) and Lithofoam, with a view to determining its potential as a construction material in Nigeria. The properties investigated on the foamed concrete having target density of 1800kg/m3 were: workability, bulk density and compressive strength. The foamed concretes produced using SLS were developed using a w/c ratio of 0.5 and a mix r...

GENERATION OF ELECTRICITY USING A DOUBLE CHAMBER MICROBIAL FUEL CELL

GENERATION OF ELECTRICITY USING  A DOUBLE CHAMBER MICROBIAL FUEL CELL ABSTRACTThe  microbial  fuel  cells  (MFCs)  was  used  to  generate  electricity  from  waste  water  and  fresh  water, Design  MFCs  using  different  types  of  materials  for  the  electrodes  on  the  generation  of  electrical power  from  two  MFCs,...

MAINTENANCE OF URBAN INFRASTRUCTURES (A CASE STUDY OF ILORIN METROPOLIS)

ABSTRACTThis project “maintenance of urban infrastructures (a case study of Ilorin metropolis)” lays emphasis on the various Infrastructures such as Roads, Rail, Electricity, Water-Supply, Solid Waste Management Facilities, Drainage Facilities and Sewerage. The various magnitude and the facilities provided were looked upon; the various defects and possible remedies to some specific infrastructures were also looked at. The major data collection procedures were from the various infrastructu...

AN EMPIRICAL ASSESSMENT OF SUSTAINABILITY OF AN URBAN WATER SUPPLY SERVICE DELIVERY

ABSTRACTUrban population  is  rapidly  increasing  in  Ilorin  along  with  attendant  increased  water demand. The inadequacies of water supply services has forced the populace to depend on dug wells, boreholes, water tankers, street vendors etc. for their water needs. People spend hour’s daily carrying jerry can all around to collect and queue for water at the public water tap with high opportunity cost of time and intense economic wastage...

UNDRAINED SHEAR BEHAVIOR OF SOILS OCCURRING WITHIN NNAMDI AZIKIWE UNIVERSITY, AWKA

ABSTRACTDuring this research work, namely; the undrained shear behavior of soils within Nnamdi Azikiwe University, five different samples within the university compound were analyzed. Some laboratory test was carried out for classification and identification of their engineering properties, these tests include particle size distribution, Atterberg limit test, specific gravity, and free swell tests. Also, shear strength test (UU triaxial test) at different cell pressures and one-dimensional co...

Recycling and reuses of waste paper within Mapoly Community.

ABSTRACTThis work is an attempt at recycling and re-use of waste paper within Mapoly Community. Since the day it is invented till today, paper is a part of human life in various ways and it is gaining even more popularity as years go by. As the consumption of paper has been exploited. Recycling of paper has become vital since the demand for paper has increased and natural resources are being exploited.In this study, the quantity of solid waste generated within MAPOLY were assessed. Also, coll...

ASSESSMENT OF VOLUMETRIC SHRINKAGE AND HYDRAULIC CONDUCTIVITY OF LATERITE STABILIZED WITH BAMBOO LEAF ASH AS LINER MATERIAL

The project work assessed the volumetric shrinkage and hydraulic conductivity of lateritic soil-bamboo leaf ash admixture as liner materials for use in waste containment systems or structures such that the result shows effectiveness for use.


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