Effects Of Two Health Education Interventions On Adherence To Antihypertensive Medication And On Blood Pressure In Selected Tertiary Health Facilities In Southwestern Nigeria

ABSTRACT

Hypertension is often the precursor to cardiovascular disease complications with end-organ damage in poorly managed condition. Adherence to medication and appointment-keeping are critical in the control of hypertension and reduction of associated complications. However, poor adherence to treatment is common among hypertensive patients in clinical settings. Evidence-based health education interventions that can optimise patients’ adherence to medication and appointment-keeping are few in Nigeria. The study was therefore designed to explore the effects of two health education interventions on adherence to antihypertensive medication, appointment-keeping and Systolic Blood Pressure (SBP) implicated in end-organ pathology in selected tertiary health facilities in Southwestern Nigeria. The study was quasi-experimental involving patients receiving care in hypertensive clinics in three tertiary health institutions. The institutions were randomly allocated to Intervention 1 (Olabisi Onabanjo University Teaching Hospital, Sagamu), Intervention 2 (Lagos University Teaching Hospital, Lagos) and Control (University College Hospital, Ibadan) groups. Patient Education and Counselling (Intervention 1) and Patient Education and Counselling with Family-Support (Intervention 2) were implemented for four weeks. Baseline and follow-up evaluations employed a validated structured questionnaire to measure primary outcomes of Self-Reported Medication-Adherence (SRMA) on a 15-point scale, Appointment-Keeping (AK) on a 9-point scale and Pill Count (PC) from 60 participants purposively selected from each group. Secondary outcomes of SBP values were measured at baseline and followed up for nine weeks to determine changes in SBP. Data were analysed using descriptive statistics and ANOVA at p=0.05.

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APA

ATULOMAH, N (2021). Effects Of Two Health Education Interventions On Adherence To Antihypertensive Medication And On Blood Pressure In Selected Tertiary Health Facilities In Southwestern Nigeria. Afribary. Retrieved from https://afribary.com/works/effects-of-two-health-education-interventions-on-adherence-to-antihypertensive-medication-and-on-blood-pressure-in-selected-tertiary-health-facilities-in-southwestern-nigeria

MLA 8th

ATULOMAH, Nnodimele "Effects Of Two Health Education Interventions On Adherence To Antihypertensive Medication And On Blood Pressure In Selected Tertiary Health Facilities In Southwestern Nigeria" Afribary. Afribary, 05 Apr. 2021, https://afribary.com/works/effects-of-two-health-education-interventions-on-adherence-to-antihypertensive-medication-and-on-blood-pressure-in-selected-tertiary-health-facilities-in-southwestern-nigeria. Accessed 23 May. 2024.

MLA7

ATULOMAH, Nnodimele . "Effects Of Two Health Education Interventions On Adherence To Antihypertensive Medication And On Blood Pressure In Selected Tertiary Health Facilities In Southwestern Nigeria". Afribary, Afribary, 05 Apr. 2021. Web. 23 May. 2024. < https://afribary.com/works/effects-of-two-health-education-interventions-on-adherence-to-antihypertensive-medication-and-on-blood-pressure-in-selected-tertiary-health-facilities-in-southwestern-nigeria >.

Chicago

ATULOMAH, Nnodimele . "Effects Of Two Health Education Interventions On Adherence To Antihypertensive Medication And On Blood Pressure In Selected Tertiary Health Facilities In Southwestern Nigeria" Afribary (2021). Accessed May 23, 2024. https://afribary.com/works/effects-of-two-health-education-interventions-on-adherence-to-antihypertensive-medication-and-on-blood-pressure-in-selected-tertiary-health-facilities-in-southwestern-nigeria