Enforcing The Right To A Cle.An And Heal Thy Environment In Kenya: Is The Law Up To The Task?

MWANGI JACK BENSON K. 94 PAGES (25971 WORDS) Law Thesis
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Table Of Content

CHAPTER 1: ....................................................................••..............................................................................•.......... 9

I :0 INTRODUCTION . ............... ........................................... ... ........................... .. ................................. 9

THE RIGHT T< >A CLEAN, HEALTHY AND SAFE ENVIRONMENT.. ... ........................... .. ................................ 9

1:2 STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM................................................................. .. ................................ !!

1:3 OBJECTIVES OF THE RESEARCH................................................................ .. .............................. 12

I :4 RIESEARCH QUESTIONS........................................................................ . ........................................... 12

1:5 HYPOTHESES ................................................................................................................................................ 13

I :6 METHODOLOGY ......................................................................................................................................... 13

I :7 LITERATURE REVIEW ................................................................................................................................ 13

I :8 CHAPTER BREAKDOWN ............................................................................................................................. 15

CHAPTER 2: THE RIGHT TO A CLEAN AND HEALTHY ENVIRONMENT: IN THE

INTERNA TIO\IAL LEGAL FRAMEWORK ....................................................................................................... 18

2:0 INTRODUCTION ........................................................................................................................................... 18

THE RIGHTT< >A CLEAN AND HEALTIW ENVIRONMENT: IN THE INTERNATIONAL LE<;AL FRAMEWORK ................. 18

2:1 SOURCES OF TNTERNATIONAL LAW ....................................................................................................... 18

2: I: I Trealies ..... .................................................................................................. . .............................. 18

2: l :2 Custon1s and Practices .................................................................................................. ., ........................ 21

2: I :3 General Principles of Law, Judicial Precedent and National Laws............. . ............................... 22

2: I :4 Declarations ............................................................................................................................................ 23

2:2 IMPLEMEt'TING INTERNATIONAL ENVIRONMENTAL LAWS ................................................................................ 26

2:2: I Standard Setting........................................................................................... . ................................ 26

2:2:2 Restrictions and Prohibitions ................................................................................................................... 27

2:2:3 Environmental Impact Assessment (E.I.A) ............................................................................................. 27

2:2:4 "Polluter Pays" Principle ................................................... .......... ................ . ............................. 28

2:2:5 !Vlonitoring and Surveillance ................................................................................................................... 28

Laws can provide for monitoring and surveillance procedures. These laws ensure that there is constant

supervision and assessment of the environment thus ensuring there is adequate notice on deterioration of the

environn1ent. ...................................................................................................................................................... 28

2:2:6 Public interest Environmental litigation ................................................................................................... 28

This is where the public/ citizens have locus standi to appear in court on environment issues affecting them or

the public at large ............................................................................................................................................. 28

CHAPTER3: THE RIGHT TO A CLEAN AND HEALTHY ENVIRONMENT: THE LEG ALAND

INSTITUTIONAL FRAMEWORK ON THE ENVIRONMENT IN KENYA .................................................... 31

3:0 INTRODLCTJON ........................................................................................................................................... 31

3:1 STAT!ITE:-1 RELATING TO LAND USE ..................................... ., .... .,.,..................... .. .............................. 32

3:2 LEGISLATI0:--1 GO VI RNING WATER RESOURCES ............................................................................................... 34

3 :3 HEALTH ISSUES ......................................... , .. , .. , ................................................................................... , ............ 3 7

3:3:1 Public Health ........................................................................................................................................ 37

3:3:2 \Vorh.ing Environn1ent ............................................................................................................................ 40

3:3:3 Radiation Control ................................................................................................................................... 42

3:3:4 Man::lgement of Hazardous \Vaste .......................................................................................................... 43

3:4 ENVIRONMLN'I AL "IANAGEMENT AND COORDINATION ACT NO.8 OF 1999 ................................................... .43

3:4: I National Environment Council and National Environmental Management Authority .... ., ...................... 46

3:4:2 Natiunal Environmental Tribunal ........................................... ., ............................................................... 50

3:4:3 Environmental (Impact Assessment and Audit) Regulations, 2003. .......... . ................................ 52

3:4:4 Environment :Vlanagement and Co-ordination. (Waste Management) Regulations ................................. 55

2006. Legal Notice \lo. 121 .................................................... ,.... .................... .. ..................... 55

3:4:5, The Environmental Management and Co-ordination (Fossil Fuel Emission Control) ........................... 59

Regulations, 2006. Legal Notice No. 131 ......................... .. ........... .. ........................... 59

3:5 CONCLUSION. .......................................... ..................... . ...................... 60

CHAPTER 4: IS THE h.ENYAN LEGAL AND INSTITUTIONAL FRAMEWORK UPTO THE TASK? .... 62

4:0 lNTRODl'CTION ....................................................... .

 

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APA

BENSON, M (2021). Enforcing The Right To A Cle.An And Heal Thy Environment In Kenya: Is The Law Up To The Task?. Afribary. Retrieved from https://afribary.com/works/enforcing-the-right-to-a-cle-an-and-heal-thy-environment-in-kenya-is-the-law-up-to-the-task

MLA 8th

BENSON, MWANGI "Enforcing The Right To A Cle.An And Heal Thy Environment In Kenya: Is The Law Up To The Task?" Afribary. Afribary, 10 Jun. 2021, https://afribary.com/works/enforcing-the-right-to-a-cle-an-and-heal-thy-environment-in-kenya-is-the-law-up-to-the-task. Accessed 29 Jul. 2021.

MLA7

BENSON, MWANGI . "Enforcing The Right To A Cle.An And Heal Thy Environment In Kenya: Is The Law Up To The Task?". Afribary, Afribary, 10 Jun. 2021. Web. 29 Jul. 2021. < https://afribary.com/works/enforcing-the-right-to-a-cle-an-and-heal-thy-environment-in-kenya-is-the-law-up-to-the-task >.

Chicago

BENSON, MWANGI . "Enforcing The Right To A Cle.An And Heal Thy Environment In Kenya: Is The Law Up To The Task?" Afribary (2021). Accessed July 29, 2021. https://afribary.com/works/enforcing-the-right-to-a-cle-an-and-heal-thy-environment-in-kenya-is-the-law-up-to-the-task