Evaluation of Renal Morphology for Diabetic Sudanese Patients by Using Computed Tomography

Abstract

This study was done to evaluate renal morphology in adult diabetic Sudanese

patients. The purpose is to measure thickness and CT no. for both renal cortex and

medulla for each kidney, as correlated with age, gender, duration and treatment of

disease. The Study was done during the period from September 2015 to April 2016

at Asia Hospital and Omdurman Military Hospital, using CT machine. A sample of

50 subjects were collected (25 control group, 25 diabetic group).

The findings showed the means of (Rt. Cortex, Rt. Medulla, Rt. Cortex CT. No.,

Lt. Cortex, Lt. Medulla, Lt. Cortex CT. No.) were (5.3304, 7.8336), (13.6368,

17.6296), (42.0400, 32.7016), (6.0256, 7.1584), (13.8208, 16.9080), (45.5200,

34.7052), respectively for control group and diabetes group, there were statistically

significant differences among the two groups p value < .05, while no statistically

significant differences among the two groups in means of (Rt. Medulla CT. No and

Lt. Medulla CT. No.) (25.2800, 28.4000) (25.8000, 26.6656) respectively for control

and diabetic groups, p > .05. There were no statistically significant differences

between the two Kidneys for diabetic group the means of (Rt and Lt. Cortex, Rt and

Lt Medulla, Rt and Lt Cortex CT. No., Rt and Lt Medulla CT. No.) were (7.8336,

7.1584), (17.6296, 16.9080), (32.7016, 34.7052), (28.4000, 26.6656) respectively p

>.05. There were no statistically significant differences between the two types of

treatment given to the patients (insulin, tablets), the p values >.05 except in (Lt.

Medulla with Sig < 0.05). No statistically significant correlation between cortex and

medulla thicknesses, and corresponding CT. No.’s and the duration of disease. No

statistically significant correlation between cortexes, medulla thicknesses and

corresponding CT. No.’s and age in diabetes patients p >.05. No statistically

significant differences between the means of (Rt. Cortex, Rt. Medulla, Rt. Cortex

CT. No., and Rt. Medulla CT. No, Lt. Cortex, Lt. Medulla, Lt. Cortex CT. No. and

Lt. Medulla CT. No) were , (8.0088 , 7.5222), (18.1088 ,16.7778), (32.9563 ,

32.2489), (28.6913 , 27.8822), (6.9412 , 7.5444), (16.9562 , 16.8222), (34.3456 ,

35.3444), (26.2781 , 27.3544) respectively for male and female in diabetes p >.05.

Thicknesses of cortex and medulla of both kidneys were larger than in normal

(control group). This could provide a useful indicator for the diagnosis of diabetic

nephropathy.

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APA

Elbashir, S (2021). Evaluation of Renal Morphology for Diabetic Sudanese Patients by Using Computed Tomography. Afribary. Retrieved from https://afribary.com/works/evaluation-of-renal-morphology-for-diabetic-sudanese-patients-by-using-computed-tomography

MLA 8th

Elbashir, Sara "Evaluation of Renal Morphology for Diabetic Sudanese Patients by Using Computed Tomography" Afribary. Afribary, 20 May. 2021, https://afribary.com/works/evaluation-of-renal-morphology-for-diabetic-sudanese-patients-by-using-computed-tomography. Accessed 22 Jul. 2024.

MLA7

Elbashir, Sara . "Evaluation of Renal Morphology for Diabetic Sudanese Patients by Using Computed Tomography". Afribary, Afribary, 20 May. 2021. Web. 22 Jul. 2024. < https://afribary.com/works/evaluation-of-renal-morphology-for-diabetic-sudanese-patients-by-using-computed-tomography >.

Chicago

Elbashir, Sara . "Evaluation of Renal Morphology for Diabetic Sudanese Patients by Using Computed Tomography" Afribary (2021). Accessed July 22, 2024. https://afribary.com/works/evaluation-of-renal-morphology-for-diabetic-sudanese-patients-by-using-computed-tomography