Examination of The Rights of a Suspect: A Case Study of Uganda

KHALAYILEAH 45 PAGES (12543 WORDS) Law Dissertation
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TABLE OF CONTENTS

DECLARATION ............................................................................................................................. i

DEDICATION ................................................................................................................................ ii

APPROVAL. .................................................................................................................................. iii

ACKNOWLEDGEMENT ............................................................................................................. iv

LIST OF ABBREVIA T!ONS ......................................................................................................... v

TABLE OF CONTENTS ............................................................................................................... vi

LIST OFT ABLES ....................................................................................................................... viii

CHAPTER ONE ................................................................................................................. 1

INTRODUCTION ........................................................................................................................... 1

1.0 Introduction ............................................................................................................................... 1

l.I Background of the study ........................................................................................................... 1

1.2 Problem Statement .................................................................................................................... 3

1.3 Purpose of the study .................................................................................................................. 4

1.4 Objectives .................................................................................................................................. S

I.5 Research Questions ................................................................................................................... 5

1.6 Definition of key terms ............................................................................................................. 6

CHAPTER TWO ................................................................................................................ 7

LITERATURE REVIEW ................................................................................................................ 7

2.0 Introduction ............................................................................................................................... 7

2.1 What Human Rights are ............................................................................................................ 8

2.2 Legal Safeguards for Pre-trial Detainees and Review of Practices ........................................... 8

2.3 Conditions under which human rights can be limited ............................................................. 10

2.4 Human rights which must not be limited ................................................................................ 10

CHAPTER THREE .......................................................................................................... 11

METHODOLOGY ........................................................................................................................ 11

3.1 Introduction ............................................................................................................................. 11

3 .2 Research Design ..................................................................................................................... 11

3.3 Population of the Study .......................................................................................................... 11

3.3.1 Population size .................................................................................................................... 11

3.3.2 Sampling size and composition ........................................................................................... 12

vi

3.3.2 Sampling design .................................................................................................................. 12

3.4 Sources of Data Collection ..................................................................................................... 12

3 .4.1 Primary data ........................................................................................................................ 12

3.4.2 Secondary data .................................................................................................................... 12

3.5 Data Collection Tools ............................................................................................................. 12

3.5 .I Questionnaires ...................................................................................................................... 12

3.5.2 lnterviews ............................................................................................................................. 12

3.6 Data Presentation and Analysis ............................................................................................... 13

3.7 Data Analysis .......................................................................................................................... 13

3.8 Limitations of the Study .......................................................................................................... 13

3.8.1 Limited source ofinformation .............................................................................................. 13

3.8.2 Scarcity of time ······································································································-············13

3.8.3 Limited Finance ................................................................................................................... 13

CHAPTER FOUR ............................................................................................................. 14

CONDITIONS OF PRE-TRIAL DETENTION ........................................................................... 14

4.0 Introduction ............................................................................................................................. 14

4.1 Legal Safeguards for Pre-trial Detainees and Review of Practices ......................................... 15

4. I .I Right to be kept in a place authorised by law ....................................................................... 17

4. I .2 Right to be brought to cou11 as soon as possible but not later than 48 hours ....................... 17

4.1 Legal Safeguards for Pre-trial Detainees and Review of Practices ......................................... 18

4.1.1 Right to be kept in a place authorised by Iaw ....................................................................... 19

4.1.2 Right to be brought to court as soon as possible but not later than 48 hours ....................... 20

CHAPTER FIVE .............................................................................................................. 22

OVERSIGHT AND ACCOUNTABILITY SYSTEMS ............................................................... 22

5.0 Introduction ............................................................................................................................. 22

5.11nternal Oversight and Accountability Mechanisms ............................................................... 22

5.1.1 Uganda Police Force ............................................................................................................ 22

5.1.2 Uganda Prison Service ......................................................................................................... 23

5.2 External Oversight and Accountability Mechanisms .............................................................. 23

5.2.1 National mechanisms ........................................................................................................... 23

REFERENC£ ................................................................................................................................ 33

CHAPTER ONE INTRODUCTION 1.0 Introduction 1.1 Background of the study In order to guarantee that the rights of a suspect are respected throughout the criminal proceedings, he or she should have the right to counsel from the very early stages of the proceedings, at least immediately upon arrest. 1 Nevertheless, as soon as this principle is recognised, several questions arise. First, should this right be interpreted in such a way that the suspect has a right to counsel not only before procedural acts that involve him or her but also during these acts? Secondly, should the right be absolute in nature? In this article, it is suggested that the answer to the first question is 'yes', and the arguments supporting this perspective are brought out. Additionally, it is discussed that this right is subject to restrictions if the suspect him- or herself agrees therewith or there are compelling reasons for this. For us to answer the two questions mentioned above, firstly, the sources of the right of suspects to counsel in pre-trial proceedings are explicated. Here legal acts and judicial practice from both Europe and the United States (US) are used as examples, the latter being a state in which the principles of the right to counsel have been well under development for a long time. Next, the advantages and disadvantages of guaranteeing the right to counsel during pre-trial proceedings without any restrictions are analysed. Finally, warranted justifications for restriction of the right to counsel in pre-trial proceedings are discussed, with mindfulness of the judicial practice of the European Comt of Human Rights (ECtHR), the Constitution of the Republic of Estonia2 , the (draft) legislation of the European Union (EU), and the experience of the US.

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APA

, K (2022). Examination of The Rights of a Suspect: A Case Study of Uganda. Afribary. Retrieved from https://afribary.com/works/examination-of-the-rights-of-a-suspect-a-case-study-of-uganda

MLA 8th

, KHALAYILEAH "Examination of The Rights of a Suspect: A Case Study of Uganda" Afribary. Afribary, 02 Aug. 2022, https://afribary.com/works/examination-of-the-rights-of-a-suspect-a-case-study-of-uganda. Accessed 10 Aug. 2022.

MLA7

, KHALAYILEAH . "Examination of The Rights of a Suspect: A Case Study of Uganda". Afribary, Afribary, 02 Aug. 2022. Web. 10 Aug. 2022. < https://afribary.com/works/examination-of-the-rights-of-a-suspect-a-case-study-of-uganda >.

Chicago

, KHALAYILEAH . "Examination of The Rights of a Suspect: A Case Study of Uganda" Afribary (2022). Accessed August 10, 2022. https://afribary.com/works/examination-of-the-rights-of-a-suspect-a-case-study-of-uganda