Field Boundaries of Panicum Maximum as a Reservoir for Predators and a Sink for Chilo partellus

Abstract:

The biological-control function of field boundaries of Guinea grass, Panicum maximum Jacq. on the spotted stem borer, Chilo partellus Swinhoe was examined as a reservoir for arthropod predators and as a trap plant for the pest. Field border vegetation and predator density were manipulated to determine the effect of the grass border on the abundance of stem borers and their predators in maize fields, and the effect of predators on the stem borer population. The strip of Guinea grass supported an abundance of earwigs and spiders, the potential predators of stem borer eggs and larvae. Density of C. partellus larvae in the Guinea grass strips was low throughout the season and only young larvae were collected, suggesting the inferiority of the grass stand as a habitat for stem borer larvae. These results indicate that Guinea grass is a good agent of habitat management to selectively enhance arthropod predators of stem borers and act as a sink for the pest. Predator removal resulted in a higher density of C. partellus than control in maizebordered plots. On the other hand, no difference was found in the stem borer density between predator treatments in grass-bordered plots, probably because of insufficient predator reduction in removal plots. These results suggest that the predator assemblage found in the study site has, if sufficiently abundant, potential to limit the C. partellus population in maize fields. Even though the Guinea grass stand harboured an abundant number of predators, the grass boundaries around maize fields did not enhance predator populations within the crop field. Furthermore, field boundaries of Guinea grass had no measurable effect on the within-field density of C. partellus as a trap crop. Creating a polyculture within the crop and early planting of the grass could further enhance the biological-control function of Guinea grass boundaries
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APA

S., K (2024). Field Boundaries of Panicum Maximum as a Reservoir for Predators and a Sink for Chilo partellus. Afribary. Retrieved from https://afribary.com/works/field-boundaries-of-panicum-maximum-as-a-reservoir-for-predators-and-a-sink-for-chilo-partellus

MLA 8th

S., Koji "Field Boundaries of Panicum Maximum as a Reservoir for Predators and a Sink for Chilo partellus" Afribary. Afribary, 10 Mar. 2024, https://afribary.com/works/field-boundaries-of-panicum-maximum-as-a-reservoir-for-predators-and-a-sink-for-chilo-partellus. Accessed 24 May. 2024.

MLA7

S., Koji . "Field Boundaries of Panicum Maximum as a Reservoir for Predators and a Sink for Chilo partellus". Afribary, Afribary, 10 Mar. 2024. Web. 24 May. 2024. < https://afribary.com/works/field-boundaries-of-panicum-maximum-as-a-reservoir-for-predators-and-a-sink-for-chilo-partellus >.

Chicago

S., Koji . "Field Boundaries of Panicum Maximum as a Reservoir for Predators and a Sink for Chilo partellus" Afribary (2024). Accessed May 24, 2024. https://afribary.com/works/field-boundaries-of-panicum-maximum-as-a-reservoir-for-predators-and-a-sink-for-chilo-partellus