Research Papers/Topics in Civil Engineering

Rock Cracks and its Effects on Concrete Structures

In this paper, rocks with existing cracks and the effects on concrete structures it supports is discussed. Based on this paper, rock cracks may occur naturally when the rock gets closer to the earth surface due to erosion, through weathering processes (particularly frost wedging in mountainous areas and the diurnal heating and cooling of a rock outer layer in hot arid environments) and through tree roots. Artificially, cracks in rock may be caused by shock waves during rock blasting. The effe...

The Engineering Study on the Use of Crushed Stone Aggregate and Crusher Dust Mixes in Flexible Pavements of Karachi-Hyderabad Motorway, Sindh, Pakistan

The development of the country is directly related with the better road communication from mega cities to rural villages. Pakistan is a developing country and has started a grand network of highways, superhighways and motorways in all four provinces along with Kashmir and Northern and northwestern regions bordering china and Afghanistan. Highway Flexible pavements are the most commonly used form of pavements and have four component layers namely Sub-grade, Sub-base and base and surface co...

Engineering Properties of Nagar Parkar Plutonic & Volcanic Rocks as a Construction Aggregates, District Tharparkar, Sindh Province, Pakistan

AbstractThe purpose of this paper is to study the important engineering properties of the volcanic rockspresent with the Nagar Parkar Granites located from Sindh University Campus Jamshoro 5 h 44min (355.3 km) via Hyderabad-Badin Road and 5 h 57 min (323.5 km) via Naukot-Mithi Roadand Islamkot, the rocks look suitable for pavement and concrete aggregates. Numbers of standardtests were conducted. Which included; Specific Gravity, Gradation, Soundness, Particle shapeand Surface Texture Absorpti...

Behaviour of Coconut Shell Aggregate (CSA) Concrete at Elevated Temperature

This paper attempts to study the mechanicalbehaviour of coconut shell aggregate (CSA) concretesubjected to elevated temperatures when coconut shell (CS)is used to replace coarse aggregate at 0, 10, 20 and 40% inconcrete. The coconut shell used was obtained by breakingthe shells into smaller sizes of less than 20mm after thefibres were removed. In order to produce control concretesamples with a minimum compressive strength of 15N/mm2at 28 days curing age, mix ratio of 1:2:4 and water-cementrat...

Mechanical Properties of Particleboard Made from Mahogany Leaves Using Gum Arabic as Binder

This paper presents the findings of an investigation into the use of mahogany leaves particles for the production of gumArabic bonded particleboards. Fresh mahogany leaves, air-dried to a target moisture content of 10% were crushed to anaverage particle size of 2mm. Mix ratios of 2:1, 2.5:1, 3:1, and 3.5:1 of gum Arabic to the crushed mahogany leaves byweight of the mahogany leaves were produced respectively. Twenty four (24) particleboards of sizes 200mm length,50mm width, and 6mm thick were...

Performance of Concrete Made with Coconut Shell Ash (CSA) as an Admixture in Acidic Environment

This paper presents the findings of an investigation on the use of coconut shell ash (CSA) as admixture in concrete and its effect on durability performance. The CSA used was obtained by controlled burning of coconut shell in an incinerator to a temperature of 600–650ºC for 3 hours, air cooled, sieved through 75μm sieve and characterized by using X-ray Fluorescence (XRF) analytical method. The compressive and splitting tensile strengths of concrete were investigated at varying CSA additio...

Effect of Coconut Shell Ash (CSA) as an Amixture on the Properties of Cement Paste and Concrete

This paper presents the findings of an investigation on coconut shell ash (CSA) as admixture in cement paste and concrete. The CSA used was obtained by controlled burning of coconut shell in an incinerator to a temperature of between 600–650ºC for 3 hours, air cooled, sieved through 75μm sieve and characterized based on its oxides composition determined using X-ray Fluorescence (XRF) analytical method. The effects of CSA on cement paste were investigated with addition of 0, 2, 4, 6, 8 and...

Use of Correlation and Regression Analyses as Statistical Tools in Green Concrete Research

Correlation and regression in this paper were employed as analytical tools to study the degree of relationship as well asthe nature and strength of the relationship between green concrete properties and percentage replacement of cementwith civil engineering materials. Pearson product-moment method and Spearman’s correlation coefficient wereextensively used to show how correlation analysis can be practically applied in green concrete research. Least squareregression line method for both line...

Experimental Study on the Engineering Properties of Marble Waste Powder from Hyderabad Marble Market Sindh Pakistan for Making Concrete Including Recycled Coarse Aggregates

Study of Coarse Aggregate Characteristics on Strength Properties of High Performance Concrete Using Chemical AdmixturesMushtaque Ahmed Pathan1, Rafique Ahmed2, Maryam Maira31Assistant Professor, 2Associate Professor, Center for Pure & Applied Geology, UoS Jamshoro, Sindh, Pakistan3Freelancer Researcher Mehran university of Engg. & Technology Jamshoro, Sindh, Pakistan*Corresponding author: Mushtaque Ahmed Pathan | Received: 14.03.2019 | Accepted: 21.03.2019 | Published: 31.03.2019DOI:10.21276/...

GEOTECHNICAL CHARACTERIZATION OF LATERITES STABILISED WITH SAWDUST ASH-LIME AS SUBGRADE MATERIAL IN ROAD CONSTRUCTION

ABSTRACT Samples  of  laterites  classified  by  American  Association  of  State  Highway  and  Transportation Officials (AASHTO) as A-7-6 and A-7-5, collected from two different borrow pits in Ado-Ekiti were tested for the assessment of their geotechnical properties in natural and stabilized states. The research is aimed at assessing effects of sawdust ash (SDA), lime and the combination of sawdust ash and lime (SDAL) on the proper...

Assessment of the effects of lime and cement on geotechnical properties of laterites

Abstract- Two different samples of soil tested as A-7-5 and A-7-6 were stabilized respectively with lime and cement. The samples were stabilized with the additives in steps of 2% and subjected to laboratory tests such as consistency limits, compaction, California bearing ratio (CBR) and unconfined compressive strength (UCS) until it reached 10% additives by weight of dry soil sample. The Proctor energy type of compaction and soaked method of CBR was adopted for the research while the compress...

A model for the evolution of concrete deterioration due to reinforcement corrosion

One of the most crucial factors affecting the service life of reinforced concrete (RC) structures attacked by aggressive ions is reinforcement corrosion. As the steel corrosion progresses, crack propagation in concrete medium endangers the serviceability and the strength of RC structural members. In this study, a nonlinear mathematical model for determining the displacement and stress fields in RC structures subjected to reinforcement corrosion is introduced. For corrosion produ...

General Design Procedures for Airport-Based Solar Photovoltaic Systems

A source of large surface areas for solar photovoltaic (PV) farms that has been largely overlooked in the 13,000 United States of America (U.S.) airports. This paper hopes to enable PV deployments in most airports by providing an approach to overcome the three primary challenges identified by the Federal Aviation Administration (FAA): (1) reflectivity and glare; (2) radar interference; and (3) physical penetration of airspace. First, these challenges and precautions that must be adhered to fo...

Properties of Concrete with Coconut Shell as Fine Aggregate Replacement

AbstractNowadays, the natural material as agriculture waste in concrete has long been discussed. Coconut shell is one of the most vast and readily available agricultural solid waste in many tropical countries. The properties of coconut shell are examined and the use of coconut shell aggregate as construction materials are evaluated. This study focused on the effect of coconut shell as fine aggregate replacement on the performance of concrete in terms of the mechanical properties and physical ...

Compressive Strength of Concrete with Palm Kernel Shell as a Partial Replacement for Coarse Aggregate

AbstractShelter is a basic human need. Unfortunately, decent shelter for the masses; the poor have not materialized over the years. The cost of concrete materials in building and civil engineering project has been a concern to the society. These and other things led to the research on Biological local materials that are dumped as waste in our environment, causing pollution and congestion as substitute materials. Therefore, this research work was carried out in respect to that and the r...

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