Research Papers/Topics in Civil Engineering

A model for the evolution of concrete deterioration due to reinforcement corrosion

One of the most crucial factors affecting the service life of reinforced concrete (RC) structures attacked by aggressive ions is reinforcement corrosion. As the steel corrosion progresses, crack propagation in concrete medium endangers the serviceability and the strength of RC structural members. In this study, a nonlinear mathematical model for determining the displacement and stress fields in RC structures subjected to reinforcement corrosion is introduced. For corrosion produ...

General Design Procedures for Airport-Based Solar Photovoltaic Systems

A source of large surface areas for solar photovoltaic (PV) farms that has been largely overlooked in the 13,000 United States of America (U.S.) airports. This paper hopes to enable PV deployments in most airports by providing an approach to overcome the three primary challenges identified by the Federal Aviation Administration (FAA): (1) reflectivity and glare; (2) radar interference; and (3) physical penetration of airspace. First, these challenges and precautions that must be adhered to fo...

Properties of Concrete with Coconut Shell as Fine Aggregate Replacement

AbstractNowadays, the natural material as agriculture waste in concrete has long been discussed. Coconut shell is one of the most vast and readily available agricultural solid waste in many tropical countries. The properties of coconut shell are examined and the use of coconut shell aggregate as construction materials are evaluated. This study focused on the effect of coconut shell as fine aggregate replacement on the performance of concrete in terms of the mechanical properties and physical ...

Compressive Strength of Concrete with Palm Kernel Shell as a Partial Replacement for Coarse Aggregate

AbstractShelter is a basic human need. Unfortunately, decent shelter for the masses; the poor have not materialized over the years. The cost of concrete materials in building and civil engineering project has been a concern to the society. These and other things led to the research on Biological local materials that are dumped as waste in our environment, causing pollution and congestion as substitute materials. Therefore, this research work was carried out in respect to that and the r...