Research Papers/Topics in Mechanical Engineering

Modular and 3D-Design of a Fluidised Bed Boiler with Agricultural Residue for Steam Energy Production

Abstract: In this study, a miniature fluidised bed boiler for steam generation was designed and constructed. The boiler ismade up of a steam drum, combustion chamber, downcomer and riser tubes as a heat exchanger, a non-return valve andsuperheater tube. Experimental investigation on the fuel distribution was carried in two-dimensional chamber with crosssection of 500 mm x 1000 mm and bed height of 77 mm, 47 mm and 27 mm. The results obtained from the performanceevaluation of the fluidised bed...

Braking Pattern Impact on Brake Fade in an Automobile Brake System

Abstract. The importance of brake systems in automobiles cannot be overemphasized. Brakes are used in speed control of vehicles and do so by the conversion of kinetic energy into thermal energy. Better stopping performance has favored the disc brake system over the drum brake system and has found wide application in high-performance vehicles. Brake fade, caused by thermal overload has placed a limit on the permissible temperature at which braking systems can function, and it is the...

Prediction of the penetrated rust into the microcracks of concrete caused by reinforcement corrosion

Consider a steel-rust-concrete composite consisting of a circular cylindrical concrete cover and a coaxial uniformly corroding steel reinforcement. Prediction of the amount of rust penetrated into the microcracks of concrete cover from a set of data measured at the surface of the concrete is of particular interest. The steel is assumed to be linear isotropic and rust follows a power law stress–strain relation. For the concrete, anisotropic behavior and post-cracking softening mo...

Application of nonlocal beam models to double-walled carbon nanotubes under a moving nanoparticle. Part II: parametric study

The capabilities of the proposed nonlocal beam models in the companion paper in capturing the critical velocity of a moving nanoparticle as well as the dynamic response of double-walled carbon nanotubes (DWCNTs) under a moving nanoparticle are scrutinized in some detail. The role of the small-scale effect parameter, slenderness of DWCNTs and velocity of the moving nanoparticle on dynamic deflections and nonlocal bending moments of the innermost and outermost tubes as well as their...

Application of nonlocal beam models to double-walled carbon nanotubes under a moving nanoparticle, Part I, theoretical formulations

The current work suggests mathematical models for the vibration of double-walled carbon nanotubes (DWCNTs) subjected to a moving nanoparticle by using nonlocal classical and shear deformable beam theories. The van der Waals interaction forces between atoms of the innermost and outermost tubes are modeled by an elastic layer. The equations of motion are derived for the nonlocal double body Euler–Bernoulli, Timoshenko and higher-order beams connected by a flexible layer under ex...

Free longitudinal vibration of tapered nanowires in the context of nonlocal continuum theory via a perturbation technique

The free longitudinal vibration of tapered nanowires is investigated in the context of nonlocal continuum theory. The problem is studied for the nanowires with linearly varied radii under fixed–fixed and fixed–free boundary conditions. In order to assess the problem in a more general form, a perturbation technique is proposed based on the Fredholm alternative theorem. The natural frequencies, corresponding mode shapes, and phase velocities of the tapered nanowires are derived ...

A meshless approach for free transverse vibration of embedded single-walled nanotubes with arbitrary boundary conditions accounting for nonlocal effect

A single-walled nanotube structure embedded in an elastic matrix is simulated by the nonlocal Euler–Bernoulli, Timoshenko, and higher order beams. The beams are assumed to be elastically supported and attached to continuous lateral and rotational springs to take into account the effects of the surrounding matrix. The discrete equations of motion associated with free transverse vibration of each model are established in the context of the nonlocal continuum mechanics of Eringen u...

Assessing dynamic response of multispan viscoelastic thin beams under a moving mass via generalized moving least square method

Dynamic response of multispan viscoelastic thin beams subjected to a moving mass is studied by an efficient numerical method in some detail. To this end, the unknown parameters of the problem are discretized in spatial domain using generalized moving least square method (GMLSM) and then, discrete equations of motion based on Lagrange’s equation are obtained. Maximum deflection and bending moments are considered as the important design parameters. The design parameter spectra in ...

Assessment of nanotube structures under a moving nanoparticle using nonlocal beam theories

Dynamic analysis of nanotube structures under excitation of a moving nanoparticle is carried out using nonlocal continuum theory of Eringen. To this end, the nanotube structure is modeled by an equivalent continuum structure (ECS) according to the nonlocal Euler–Bernoulli, Timoshenko and higher order beam theories. The nondimensional equations of motion of the nonlocal beams acted upon by a moving nanoparticle are then established. Analytical solutions of the problem are presented for simpl...

Longitudinal and transverse vibration of a single-walled carbon nanotube subjected to a moving nanoparticle accounting for both nonlocal and inertial effects

Single-walled carbon nanotubes (SWCNTs) can be promising delivery nanodevices for a diverse range of applications, however, little is known about their dynamical interactions with moving nanoscale particles. In this paper, dynamic response of a SWCNT subjected to a moving nanoparticle is examined in the framework of the nonlocal continuum theory of Eringen. The inertial effects of the moving nanoparticle and the existing friction between the nanoparticle surface and the inner su...

Prediction capabilities of classical and shear deformable beam models excited by a moving mass

In this paper, a comprehensive assessment of design parameters for various beam theories subjected to a moving mass is investigated under different boundary conditions. The design parameters are adopted as the maximum dynamic deflection and bending moment of the beam. To this end, discrete equations of motion for classical Euler–Bernoulli, Timoshenko and higher-order beams under a moving mass are derived based on Hamilton's principle. The reproducing kernel particle method (RKPM) and extend...

Analytical Modeling and Optimization of a Solar Chimney Power Plant

Wind and solar resources are diluted and intermittent on the earth; their combination allowed increasing their availability and stability. At great scale, the use of Solar Chimney Power Plant (SCPP) technique constitutes a promising alternative to fossil fuel for generating electrical power particularly in rich regions of natural resources such as solar, wind, terrain, built material,water…etc.). Recently, various research works investigate the design and optimization of thesesystems u...

Energy conservation from systematic tire pressure regulation

The majority of U.S. drivers do not consistently monitor the tire pressures in their vehicles. The 2000 TREAD Act, which requires automakers to gradually provide tire pressure monitoring systems for vehicles sold in the U.S. will correct this problem for new vehicles. This law does not impact the problem in previously deployed vehicles, which have a turnover time of 20 years. A solution is provided here to address under-inflated tires on the current 220 million vehicles and the concomitant wa...

3-D Printing of Open Source Appropriate Technologies for Self-Directed Sustainable Development

The technological evolution of the 3-D printer, widespread internet access and inexpensive computing has made a new means of open design capable of accelerating self-directed sustainable development. This study critically examines how open source 3-D printers, such as the RepRap and Fab@home, enable the use of designs in the public domain to fabricate open source appropriate technology (OSAT), which are easily and economically made from readily available resources by local communities to meet...

Evaluation of the dangers of corrosion in marine piping system using carbon steel c-1040.

The research was undertaken to ascertain the level and ingress of corrosion in carbon steel C-1040.

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