Research Papers/Topics in Mechanical Engineering

Use of Finite Time Thermodynamic Simulation of Performance of an Otto Cycle with Variable Specific Heats of Working Fluid

Abstract  A finite time thermodynamic modelling and simulation of irreversible Otto cycle engines has been developed taking into account the variability of specific heats for working fluid due to temperature variation. The effect of three different parameters on the engine was discussed, which are: the internal irreversibility, the heat losses and the friction losses. A program was developed by using MATLAB software to perform the necessary calculations of thermodynamic model. According to t...

Effect of Delay Period on Performance of Compression Engine Running on Jatropha Fuel

Abstract Jatropha Biodiesel was tested in a single cylinder direct-injection, water cooled diesel engine to investigate the operational parameters of a small capacity diesel engine under five engine loads, constant speed test. The jatropha oil is used as a non edible oil to produce the biodiesel. The investigated blends were B0, B25, B50, B75 and B100, where (B#) denotes bio-diesel fuel volume percentage in diesel oil. The jatropha biodiesel was prepared locally in Sudan, specifications of wh...

Design and Construction of a Machine for the Production of Pulverized Coal-Rice Husk Briquettes

ABSTRACT The first part was the design and construction of a machine model using wood and the second part w pulverized coal-rice husk briquettes. The dt find the different loads due to shear stress on varlous parts or the nlachlne as the materials flow during consolidation. The loads obtained were used to dimension gears, shafts and pulleys that form the power transmission system of the machine. The machine was then drawn to produce a detail dimensional model in software form using AutoCAD. A...

Improvement of the Performance of Thermal Power Systems Through Energy and Exergy Analysis

ABSTRACT This research work is aimed at using the energy and exergy analysis with thermodynamic data to suggest improvements in the performance of steam and gas turbine power plants. In this regard, specific data from Egbin steam power plant and Geregu I gas turbine power plant were used for the analysis. In the analysis, scientific tools such as Engineering Equation Solver (EES) programme with built-in functions for most thermodynamic and transport properties was used to calculate the enthal...

The Cavitation Effect in Centrifugal Pumps

ABSTRACT Cavitation in a centrifugal pump has a significant effect on pump performance. Cavitation degrades the performance of a pump, resulting in a fluctuating flow rate and discharge pressure, that reduces pumps efficiency and the operating life of the pump, In this research the effects of cavitation on pump performance was studied on the power required ,efficiency , volume flow rate ,and the head , using a 3-D simulation by ANSYS (fluent flow) software for two phase flow (the water and i...

Performance Of A Modified Vehicle Drive System In Generating Hydropower

ABSTRACT Micro hydropower generated electricity can function as an effective tool for rural development. One of the barriers to smooth implementation of community/village micro hydropower schemes in the country is lack of appropriate hydraulic turbines, thus making the site specific costs of micro hydropower rather high, hence not easily affordable by the rural communities. The purpose of the study was to investigate the use of a vehicle live axle-propeller shaft system to replace conventiona...

Transient Analysis And Performance Prediction Of Passive Cooling Of Buildings Using Long Wave Nocturnal Radiation In Owerri, Nigeria

ABSTRACT Transient analysis and performance prediction of passive cooling of buildings using long wave nocturnal radiation in Owerri, Nigeria are presented. Owerri is a typical urban area in southeastern Nigeria lying between latitude 5° 4' and 6° 3' N and longitude 6° 15'and 7° 34' E. The system modeled consists of the room of a building with a radiator panel attached to its roof, water storage tank located inside the room, pump to circulate water through the radiator panel at night and...

Synthesis And Characterization Of Biofuels From Various Nigerian Crops For Internal Combustion Engines

ABSTRACT Bio-fuels (Biodiesel and Bio-ethanol fuels) are synthesized from various Nigerian crops (palm(Elaeis Guineensis) wine, raffia(Raffia Vinefera) trunk, sugar cane(Saccharum L), physic nut seed (Jatropha Curcas), castor bean seed(Ricinus Communis), sandbox seed (Hura Crepitans) and African bush mango nut (Dika Nut) (Irvingia Gabonensis)) to serve as alternative fuels for internal combustion engines. The direct base-catalyzed trans-esterification process is employed in the biodiesel pro...

Experimental Investigation Of Upflow Bioreactors With Central Substrate Dispenser

ABSTRACT Experimental investigation of anaerobic digestion of the organic fraction of municipal solid waste (MSW) in an upflow bioreactor with central substrate dispenser (UBCSD) is presented. The UBCSD consists of two similar size bioreactors joined by a central substrate dispenser (CSD). The UBCSD is a component of an integrated system of bioreactors also containing the upflow anaerobic sludge blanket (UASB) reactor and the continuous stirred tank reactor (CSTR), assembled systematically t...

Energy - Exergy Based Performance Analysis Of A Solid Adsorption Solar Refrigerator

ABSTRACT The Energy - Exergy based performance analysis of the Solid Adsorption Solar Refrigerator is presented. The system comprises the collector/generator/adsorber, the condenser and the evaporator. It utilizes activated carbon/methanol as its adsorbent/adsorbate working combination. The exergy performance analysis of this refrigerator involves detailed assessment of all the following sub-processes that make up the refrigeration cycle, which are isosteric heat-up phase, desorption phase, ...

Development Of A Gas Propelled Rocket Engine

ABSTRACT This thesis examines the development of a gas propellant rocket motor using cheap local materials. The fabrication of the prototype rocket engine was achieved by using machine tools like the lathe and drilling machines. The internal radius around the nozzle throat area was made without using any special tools for curves. The engine was tested twice and readings or data taken for pressure and temperature. Two thermocouples were damaged because the temperature exceeded their temperatu...

Design Of A Robust Electronic Internal Temperature Controller For Petroleum Distillation Columns

Abstract Design of a Robust Electronic Internal Temperature Controller for Petroleum Distillation is presented in this Thesis. During unstable weather conditions, there is a noticeable drop in the distillation internal column temperature. An extreme and frustrating case of this occurs during rainfall and at night when the fractional distillation column external temperature drops, greatly affecting the internal. Consequently, it becomes difficult to maintain a stable and optimum internal temp...

Design And Performance Evaluation Of A Parabolic Solar Cooker

Abstract The design, construction and performance test of a parabolic solar cooker for domestic use are presented. The simple experimental parabolic solar cooker, made of locally available materials, consists of a parabolic dish of thickness 0.3mm, adjustable mechanism, pot, pot holder, base support and a reflecting glass surface. The concave surface of the dish was lagged with reflective glasses which serve as a reflecting surface. Commercially available (3mm) thick glass is used as glazing...

Comparative Analysis Of Renewable Energy Sources For Power Generation In Nigeria

ABSTRACT A comparative analysis of renewable energy sources for power generation in Nigeria is presented. The three renewable energy resources of solar radiation, wind energy and hydro power were investigated for six locations (Northwest, Northeasth, North-central, Southwest, Southeast and South-south) representing the six geo-political zones of Nigeria. The Hargreaves and Samani model was used to investigate the solar energy potential of the study locations of Sokoto, Maiduguri, Makurdi, Ib...

An Experimental Study On Different Types Of Alternative Fuels For Production Of Bricks On Vertical Shaft Kilns

Abstract This study is mainly concentrated on how to produce burnt clay bricks with a minimum firing cost and friendly Environmental Impact, through a new implemented energy – efficient technology, ie the Vertical Shaft Brick Kiln (VSBK) in the Sudan. The study aims to manufacture modeled building green bricks with different cheap solid additives having a high heating values [industrial and agricultural], petro-coke, animal dung, and saw-dust as an internal fuel. Model samples were manufac...


1 - 15 Of 131 Results