Research Papers/Topics in Environmental Law

A Review of Greenhouse Gas Emission Liabilities as the Value of Renewable Energy for Mitigating Lawsuits for Climate Change Related Damages

Anthropogenic global climate change has large and mounting negative economic impacts. Companies and nations responsible for greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions are thus acquiring considerable potential liabilities.  If litigation becomes widespread,  renewable energy technologies (RETs) potentially offer emitters reduced liability for climate change. This benefit has been ignored because of the lack of knowledge of potential liabilities. To overcome this information deficit, this paper r...

Potential Lives Saved by Replacing Coal with Solar Photovoltaic Electricity Production in the U.S.

Poor air quality from coal combustion adversely impacts human health including mortality and morbidity effects on respiratory, cardiovascular, nervous, urinary, and digestive systems. However, the continued use of coal are no longer necessary to provide for society's electrical needs because of advances in solar photovoltaic (PV) technology. In order to inform health policy this paper reviews the data for quantifying the lives saved by a replacement of U.S. coal-fired electricity with solar P...

Tightening the Loop on the Circular Economy: Coupled Distributed Recycling and Manufacturing with Recyclebot and RepRap 3-D Printing

A promising method of enhancing the circular economy is distributed plastic recycling. In this study plastic waste is upcycled into 3-D printing filament with a recyclebot, which is an open source waste plastic extruder. The recyclebot is combined with an open source self-replicating rapid prototyper (RepRap) 3-D printer, to enable post-consumer ABS plastic filament from computer waste to be further upcycled into valuable consumer products pre-designed in the digital commons. The total electr...

Decarbonizing the boardroom? Aligning Electric Utility Executive Compensation with Climate Change Incentives

Despite the recent drastic reversal of decarbonization effort by the current Presidential administration, the majority of U.S. states continue policies aimed at reducing greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions and increasing renewable energy technology (RET) deployment. Although electrical power utilities are required and/or encouraged to comply with these policies, their executives lack direct incentives to do so. In this study, a novel incentive mechanism is evaluated for specifically aligning elect...

Policies to Overcome Barriers for Renewable Energy Distributed Generation: A Case Study of Utility Structure and Regulatory Regimes in Michigan

Because of its environmental damage and now often being the most expensive source for electricity production, coal use is declining throughout the United States. Michigan has no active coal mining and seemingly supportive legislation for distributed generation (DG) and renewable energy (RE) technologies. However, Michigan still derives approximately half of its power production from large centralized coal plants, despite the availability of much lower cost RE DG technologies. To understand th...

Eco-Labelling as an Environment Protection Tool: Prospects and Limitations

ABSTRACTEco-labelling was devised by the international community to help reduce the drastic effects of man’s unsustainable production and consumption patterns on the Environment.  It has been identified by Agenda 21 as a mechanism for promoting production and consumption of products with reduced environmental impacts. Unsustainable patterns of production and consumption has also been identified as a root cause of several environmental problems like climate change and loss of biodiversity.O...

ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT OF END OF LIFE TYRE (ELT) OR SCRAP TYRE WASTE POLLUTION AND THE NEED FOR SUSTAINABLE WASTE TYRE DISPOSAL AND TRANSFORMATION MECHANISM IN NIGERIA

End of Life tyre (ELTs) or scrap tyres are a form of solid wastes emanating from the use and disposal of tyres. ELTs have become the latest menace to the environment the world over, Nigeria inclusive. Heaps of scrap tyres stockpiled or disposed of in landfills and in open dumpsites are common views in Nigeria. ELT wastes causes grave environmental pollution as well as many health problems. Open burning or landfilling is the primary mode of disposal of ELT waste in Nigeria. These methods of sc...

Corporate Civil Liability and Compensation Regime for Environmental Pollution in the Niger Delta

Petroleum activity has been highly instrumental in yielding economic rewards for resource producingcountries and supplying a vital energy source, but it also has the potential to cause profoundenvironmental impacts. Oil pollution forms part of the general malaise of environmental pollution.The disastrous effect of oil pollution is now beyond question. The restive situation in the Niger Deltacan be blamed on heinous environmental crimes and breach of good environmental management bymultination...

Eco-Labelling as an Environment Protection Mechanism in Nigeria: Prospects and Limitations

ABSTRACTEco-labelling was devised by the international community to help reduce the drastic effects of man’s unsustainable production and consumption patterns on the Environment.  It has been identified by Agenda 21 as a mechanism for promoting production and consumption of products with reduced environmental impacts. Unsustainable patterns of production and consumption has also been identified as a root cause of several environmental problems like climate change and loss of biodiversity.O...