Abstract *e notion of metric dimension originated in the twentieth century by the work done by Slater [1, 2] and latter independently by Harary and Melter [2]. *e initial concept was introduced to locate the intruder in any network but the development and impact of the notion was far reaching in coming years. Several applications of metric related network parameters can be seen in social networking, navigation, communications, and engineering, pharmaceutical chemistry. *e fault tolerance of ...

Abstract The emergence of Covid-19 posed a great health challenge worldwide. Health care facilitieswere stretched beyond limit, with no space to admit new critical patients. This motivated thisstudy, which sought to understand the dynamics around queues, particularly in hospitals. Themain objective was to analyze the queuing process between the Emergency Department (ED)and Internal Wards (IW) at Moi Teaching and Referral Hospital, in order to understand patientflow with the view to minimizin...

Abstract Parameter estimation is a growing area of interest in statistical signal processing. Some parameters in real-life applications vary in space as opposed to those that are static. Most common methods in estimating parameters involve solving an optimization problem where the cost function is assembled variously, for example, maximum likelihood and maximum a posteriori methods. However, these methods do not have exact solutions to most real-life problems. It is for this reason that Mont...

Abstract Background. The HIV epidemic varies significantly across different groups in the SSA region, and complicates designing effective general interventions. We aim at uncovering temporal trends in HIV prevalence disaggregated by age, sex, and country. Method. We determined HIV prevalence trends among males and females aged 15-49 years for surveys conducted from the years 2003-2007 (period 1) and 2013-2018 (period 2) in SSA. Countries were divided into three clusters based on their socio-...

Majorly, the world has experienced and is experiencing several outbreaks of infectious diseases that has resulted into an epidemic. The call for proper evaluation and optimal control strategies for such outbreaks is of topmost priority and also reduction or eradication of such infectious disease is paramount. Mathematical models have been developed to this effect to determine, evaluate, predict the spread and ascertain any future effect of such infectious diseases. Our main focus will be main...

Overtime the parameters commonly used to measure the population of a location are number of population in figure, population density in and population growth in percentage. These parameters are not enough to quantify the intensity of the population of the entities of a place. The previous methods of measuring population which are number of population in figure and population density in have huge, lengthy and large figure which is difficult to work with and interpret. Knowing the magnitud...

The generation of coefficients of terms of positive and negative powers of n and −n of Kifilideent rinomial theorem as the terms are progress is stressful and time-consuming which the same problem is identified with coefficients of terms of binomial theorem of positive and negative powers of n and −n. This slows the process of producing the series of any particular trinomial expansion. This study established Kifilideen coefficient tables for positive and negative powers of n and −n ...

This is an incomplete analysis with a mathematical model of the novel coronavirus that aims at presenting a mathematical model that will help give a suitable prediction of the impact of asymptomatic patients who are either diagnosed or undiagnosed. Also, it would be used in estimating the impact of delayed or prompt treatment with individuals who are already tested or diagnosed.

Kifilideen matrix had been in existence which emanate from the Kifilideen trinomial theorem for the arrangement of power combination of each term of the Kifilideen trinomial expansion in sequential order. The continuous interaction with the pattern, progression and sequential order in which the power combination of the positive and negative power of and of Kifilideen trinomial theorem are arranged in the Kifilideen matrix give incite that a general sequence can be developed to follow thi...

The four-figure of power of base numbers of tables needs to be created for easy synchronization with the existing Logarithm table of power of base 10 which is working on four figures. Although the five-figure of power base numbers of tables are more accurate because it is having less approximation in its establishment. The four-figure table is easy to compute doing utilization because it is having less digits to work with. This paper presents the four and five figures of Kifilideen (Powe...

The sequence of the power combination of expansion of the Kifilideen trinomial theorem of positive power of N is arranged in groups and patterns. Having a clearer view or picture of how the formulas of the components of the Kifilideen trinomial expansion were derived can lead to the discovery of formulating formulas for the series and sequences which follows the same pattern of progression as that of the trinomial expansion where series and sequence are not generated from trinomial expan...

Kifilideen trinomial theorem of negative power of – n is theorem which is used to generate the series and terms of a trinomial expression of negative power of – n in an orderly and periodicity manner that is based on standardized and matrix methods. Negative power of Newton binomial theorem had been used to produce series of partial fractions of a compound fraction. The establishment of the negative power of - n of trinomial theorem would extend the number of compound fraction in whic...

Overtime the arrangement of the terms of the trinomial expansion of power of n has been an issue in the area of orderliness and periodicity which as make it difficult to assign each element of the expansion in a standardize term. The study developed Kifilideen trinomial theorem using matrix approach. The Kifilideen equations to determine the power combination of any term of kif trinomial expansion and position of any term in the series of the expansion in a group or column of a kif matrix...

The different methods used in the multiplication of numbers are long method (column method) of multiplication, grid methods and addition methods of multiplication. The utilization of the methods mentioned to solve power (index) of base number (number that multiply itself in a number of times) are horrendous, outrageous, tedious, time consuming and too long to be carried out. This study develops computation of the power of base of number using Kifilideen (matrix, combination and distributi...

Mathematics should be dynamic not static. The use of logarithm table which is based on power of base ten to solve mathematical problem has been in existence for nearly 400 years ago without any alternative which makes mathematics look static, austere and monotonous. Some real life mathematical problem encounter on daily basis in field of Engineering, Physics, Mathematics, Finance, Cosmology, Accounting, Carpentering and Medicine involve problem on other base power of number and in addition ...