School climate and teacher commitment of selected high schools

Chewnwe - 70 PAGES (18228 WORDS) Thesis
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Abstract

This study focuses on school climate and teacher commitment of selected high schools in Taungdwingyi Township. The purpose of this study was to determine whether the relationship between school climate and teacher commitment in selected high schools. The subjects of this study involved all teachers who have had at least one year service in selected schools. Quantitative research method was used in this study. For quantitative study, Organizational Climate Index (OCI) developed by Hoy et al. (1991, cited in Dogulas, 2010) was used to study the various types of school climates and Organizational Commitment Questionnaires (OCQ) developed by Mowday et al. (1979, cited in Dogulas, 2010) was used to find out the level of teacher commitment. The Statistical Package for Social Science (SPSS Software version 16) is used to analyze the data obtained. Organizational Climate Index (OCI) measured four dimensions of school climate: collegial leadership, professional teacher behavior, achievement press and institutional vulnerability. Descriptive statistics explored that the teachers from selected high schools were responded with the mean of collegial leadership (X=3.96), professional teacher behavior (X=4.14), achievement press (X=3.69) and institutional vulnerability (X=4.12) respectively. The selected schools rather possessed professional teacher behavior than other three dimensions. Descriptive statistics revealed that all selected schools had positive school climate. Organizational Commitment Questionnaires (OCQ) used to know the level of teacher commitment in selected schools. Descriptive statistics explored that the teachers from selected high schools were responded with the mean of Identification (X=3.84), Involvement (X=4.12) and Loyalty (X=4.08). According to the data, all teachers were committed to their schools and students. Pearson correlation (r) showed a statistically significant, positive relationship between school climate and teacher commitment. Accordingly, significant relationship was between school climate and teacher commitment by studying the research findings. So, the results of this study supported that the school climate have possible impact on the teacher commitment in selected high schools according to the quantitative findings.

Abbreviations

BEHS Basic Education High School

PTs Primary Teachers

JTs Junior Teachers

STs Senior Teachers

BA Bachelor of Arts

BSc Bachelor of Science

BEd Bachelor of Education

MA Master of Arts

MSc Master of Science

MEd Master of Education

LLB Bachelor of Law

SPSS Statistical Package for Social Science

OCI Organizational Climate Index

OCQ Organizational Commitment Questionnaires 






Table of Contents

Page

Acknowledgements iii

Abstract iv

Abbreviations v

List of Tables viii

List of Figures ix

CHAPTER

1. Introduction 1

1.1 Significance of the Study 1

1.2 Aims of the Study 2

1.3 Research Questions 3

1.4 Limitations of the Study 3

1.5 Definitions of Key Terms 3

1.6 Organization of the Study 4

2. Review of Related Literature 6

2.1 Organizational Climate 6

2.2 Organizational Climate Theory 7

2.3 School Climate Theory 9

2.3.1 School Climate 10

2.3.2 Importance of School Climate 11

2.3.3 Dimensions of School Climate 11

2.3.4 Determinants of School Climate 13

2.3.5 The Most Important Things a School can do to improve 

its Climate 14

2.4 Perspectives on School Climate 15

2.4.1 Positive School Climate 22

2.4.2 The Importance of a Positive School Climate 22

2.5 Organizational Commitment 23

2.5.1Teacher as the Critical Elements of Education 25

2.5.2 Commitment 25

2.5.3 Teacher Commitment 26

2.5.4 Conceptualizing Teacher Commitment 27

2.6 Relationship between School Climate and Teacher Commitment 30

3. Methodology 32

3.1 Design of the Study 32

3.2 Research Questions 32

3.3 Population and Sample 32

3.4 Research Instruments 33

3.5 Preliminary Review 36

3.6 Pilot Test 36

3.7 Data Collection Procedures 36

3.8 Data Analysis 37

4. Findings 38

4.1 Demographic Information 38

4.2 Teachers’ Perceptions of School Climate 39

4.3 A Comparison of Teachers’ Perceptions of School Climate 

   in Selected Basic Education High Schools 40

4.4 Level of Teacher Commitment 44

4.5 Relationship between Dimensions of School Climate 

   and Teacher Commitment 48

5. Conclusion, Discussion and Conclusion 54

5.1 Summary of the Study 54

5.2 Discussion and Conclusion 55

5.3 Recommendations for Further Research 58

References 60

Appendices

A. Organizational Climate Index 63

B. Organizational Commitment Questionnaires 68










List of Tables

Table Page

3.1 Number of Teachers Participated in the Study 33

3.2 Sample Subscale Items for Organizational Climate Index 35

3.3 Sample Subscale Items for Organizational Commitment Questionnaire 36

4.1 Demographic Information of Teachers by School, Age, 

   Teaching Service and Academic Qualification 38

4.2 Teachers’ Perceptions of School Climate - Collegial Leadership 39

4.3 Teachers’ Perceptions of School Climate - Professional Teacher Behavior 39

4.4 Teachers’ Perceptions of School Climate - Achievement Press 40

4.5 Teachers’ Perceptions of School Climate - Institutional Vulnerability 40

4.6 Mean and Standard Deviation for Teachers’ Perceptions on the Four 

   Dimensions of School Climate in Selected Basic Education High Schools 41

4.7 A Comparison of Mean and Standard Deviation of School Climate 

   by Teachers’ Positions 43

4.8 One-Way ANOVA Result Showing Mean Values of School Climate 

   by Teachers’ Positions 44

4.9 Mean and Standard Deviation for the Dimensions of Teacher Commitment 

   in Selected Basic Education High Schools 45

4.10 A Comparison of Mean and Standard Deviation of Teacher Commitment 

   by Teachers’ Positions 46

4.11 One-Way ANOVA Result Showing Mean Values of Teacher Commitment

   by Teachers’ Positions 47

4.12 Correlation between School Climate and Teacher Commitment

   in Selected Basic Education High Schools 53


List of Figures

Figure Page

2.1 Dimensions of Organizational Climate Index by Hoy, Smith 

   and Sweetland (2003) 12

2.2 School Climate is affected by Five Primary Determinants 13

2.3 Conceptual Framework of the Study 31

4.1 Mean Values of Teacher Perceptions on School Climate 42

4.2 A Comparison of Mean Values of School Climate by Teachers’ Positions 43

4.3 Mean Values of Teacher Commitment 46

4.4 A Comparison of Mean Values for Teacher Commitment

   by Teachers’ Positions 47

4.5 Relationship between Collegial Leadership and Teacher Commitment 48

4.6 Relationship between Professional Teacher Behaviors

                and Teacher Commitment 49

4.7 Relationship between Achievement Press and Teacher Commitment 50

4.8 Relationship between Institutional Vulnerability and Teacher Commitment 51

4.9 Relationship between School Climate and Teacher Commitment 52


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APA

Chewnwe, - (2019). School climate and teacher commitment of selected high schools. Afribary.com: Retrieved February 16, 2019, from https://afribary.com/works/final-thesis-book-2007

MLA 8th

-, Chewnwe. "School climate and teacher commitment of selected high schools" Afribary.com. Afribary.com, 12 Feb. 2019, https://afribary.com/works/final-thesis-book-2007 . Accessed 16 Feb. 2019.

MLA7

-, Chewnwe. "School climate and teacher commitment of selected high schools". Afribary.com, Afribary.com, 12 Feb. 2019. Web. 16 Feb. 2019. < https://afribary.com/works/final-thesis-book-2007 >.

Chicago

-, Chewnwe. "School climate and teacher commitment of selected high schools" Afribary.com (2019). Accessed February 16, 2019. https://afribary.com/works/final-thesis-book-2007