First report of a phytoplasma associated with Bermuda grass white leaf disease in Kenya

Abstract:

Bermuda grass (=Star grass), Cynodon dactylon, is a perennial plant of the family Poaceae that is native to the African Savannah but is now widely distributed over many warm countries of the world (Marcone et al., 1997). C. dactylon plants were observed at five locations in Mbita and two locations in Bungoma areas of western Kenya showing symptoms similar to Bermuda grass white leaf (BGWL) disease, caused by a phytoplasma (Marcone et al., 1997). Affected grasses exhibited whitening of leaves, bushy growing habit, small leaves, shortened stolons/rhizomes, stunting, proliferation of auxiliary shoots and death (Fig. 1). Phytoplasma aetiology being suspected, leaf samples of six symptom-bearing and six symptomless plants were taken from each location at Mbita and Bungoma. Total DNA was extracted from the collected leaves using the hot cetyltrimethylammonium bromide (CTAB) method of Doyle & Doyle (1990), and used as template in a nested polymerase chain reaction (nPCR) assay with 16S rDNA universal primers P1/P6 (Deng & Hiruki, 1991) and R16F2n/R16R2 (Gundersen & Lee, 1996). Phytoplasma infection was confirmed by the amplification of a 1200 bp 16S rDNA nPCR fragment from all symptom-bearing C. dactylon plants tested (6/6, Fig. 2). No amplification was recorded in the symptomless plants. The 1200 bp amplicons were gel purified (QuickClean Gel Extraction Kit, Genescript), and directly sequenced (Segolilab, ILRI, Nairobi ). The partial 16S rDNA sequence of the BGWL phytoplasma was submitted to GenBank (Accession No. GU944766).
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APA

E, O (2024). First report of a phytoplasma associated with Bermuda grass white leaf disease in Kenya. Afribary. Retrieved from https://afribary.com/works/first-report-of-a-phytoplasma-associated-with-bermuda-grass-white-leaf-disease-in-kenya

MLA 8th

E, Obura "First report of a phytoplasma associated with Bermuda grass white leaf disease in Kenya" Afribary. Afribary, 10 Mar. 2024, https://afribary.com/works/first-report-of-a-phytoplasma-associated-with-bermuda-grass-white-leaf-disease-in-kenya. Accessed 20 May. 2024.

MLA7

E, Obura . "First report of a phytoplasma associated with Bermuda grass white leaf disease in Kenya". Afribary, Afribary, 10 Mar. 2024. Web. 20 May. 2024. < https://afribary.com/works/first-report-of-a-phytoplasma-associated-with-bermuda-grass-white-leaf-disease-in-kenya >.

Chicago

E, Obura . "First report of a phytoplasma associated with Bermuda grass white leaf disease in Kenya" Afribary (2024). Accessed May 20, 2024. https://afribary.com/works/first-report-of-a-phytoplasma-associated-with-bermuda-grass-white-leaf-disease-in-kenya