Nigerian Agriculture and Food Security Challenges: The Way Forward

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Abstract


Food security is indispensable prerequisite for the survival of mankind and his economic activities including food production. Food is different from other commodities because of its inevitability for survival and existence.  Food is different from other commodities because everybody  needs   it   for   survival,   and   it   is   an   indispensable   factor   in   nation’s   quest   for economic   growth   and   development.   Unfortunately,   most of   the   food   need   in   Nigeria   is produced by peasant farmers who lack capital, skills, energy and other viable ingredients to produce on large quantity that will meet the requirement of the growing population. One of the goals of Nigeria’s agricultural development policy is to ensure that the nation produces enough food and less dependent on importation so as to ensure adequate and affordable food for all.  The paper shows that there is a shortfall in domestically produced food in Nigeria because the growth in the population of Nigeria is at the rate of 3.2% while the growth in food production has been less than one. This shows that demand for food (population) is greater   than  the  supply   (agricultural   production)   because   of  factors   such   as   inconsistent

government policies, environmental degradation and non-sustainable agricultural production.

Worst of all is the constant clashes between herdsmen and farmers across the country; one cannot  but foresee an impending  food shortage  crisis waiting to happen.  The paper also shows that Nigeria depends so much on food importation. To achieve sustainable agriculture and   food   security   in   Nigeria,   the   paper   recommends   an   improvement   in   environmental management in other to increase agricultural productivity as well as provide a lasting solution to the herdsmen/farmers clashes


Key Words: Agriculture, Food security, Food productivity, Climate change

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APA

Innocent, O. (2021). Nigerian Agriculture and Food Security Challenges: The Way Forward. Afribary. Retrieved from https://afribary.com/works/food-security-oguzorai

MLA 8th

Innocent, Oguzor "Nigerian Agriculture and Food Security Challenges: The Way Forward" Afribary. Afribary, 05 Nov. 2021, https://afribary.com/works/food-security-oguzorai. Accessed 27 Nov. 2021.

MLA7

Innocent, Oguzor . "Nigerian Agriculture and Food Security Challenges: The Way Forward". Afribary, Afribary, 05 Nov. 2021. Web. 27 Nov. 2021. < https://afribary.com/works/food-security-oguzorai >.

Chicago

Innocent, Oguzor . "Nigerian Agriculture and Food Security Challenges: The Way Forward" Afribary (2021). Accessed November 27, 2021. https://afribary.com/works/food-security-oguzorai