Human beings have a deep seated universal need that desires to
promote and protect relationship and when these needs are obstructed
or thwarted conflict will always arise. The history of human conflict
suggests that man has not evolved much beyond his primitive
ancestors. Everywhere we look we see conflict. Again history has shown
that the cause of conflict is the summering injustice that can not be
hidden anymore. The arrangement of society into groups of either
ethnicity or race has never been a source of conflict but the
politicisation of the ethnicity or race has always led to conflict. Africa is
the best known for group conflict in terms of tribal or racial or religious
conflict. The conflict leads to militarization of society and replacement
of the rule of law to guns, brutal force which though uncalled for
presents an opportunity for peaceful resolution.
It is easy to assume that when all aspect of justice are put in place the
society will be non violet or tolerant. However the emerging consensus
is that understanding the cause, dynamics complexity of conflict in
Africa society is important because it would potentially provide
indicators and strategies on how to respond to particular conflict
situations and the potential to manage and resolve conflict and build
lasting peace. This process of peace making has to work through
conflict to ensure there is sustainable solution rather that a superficial
polite behaviour or uneasy or fragile truce. The mechanism of
alternative dispute resolution in Kenya resolution are such that they
create truth telling where integrity is earned and anxiety managed and
as a result people begin to feel a sense of relief and are able to talk once
again after unexpected and harsh skirmishes and group conflicts.
Kenya as a country experiences peace and stability because she
recognized early that peace and stability are crucial to economic
development. Having struggled for independence from the British in
1963 she resolved through a common understanding that peaceful
coexistence was the best way of life. There has been a common feeling
from then by the neighbours that it was the example to follow in terms
of peace. Unlike its neighbours who endured a military regime after
colonisation Kenya enjoyed peace within and without
As an oasis of peace and stability neighbours have had assistance in
their attempt to resolve the disputes that have arisen from within or
without their borders. Example include in 1964 president Kenyatta who
was the Organisation on African Union successfully made efforts to
Group Conflict and Peaceful Resolution: An overview of ADR in Kenya 3
salvage hostage by peaceful means and negotiation. Mter Angola
independence the two major parties failed to agree on power sharing
and again Jomo Kenyatta attempted to reconcile the group the leaders
by holding a meeting in Kenya. In 1989 Mozambique called upon Kenya
to negotiate a solution to their problem President Moi made an appeal
to the RENAMO group of that country to agree with president Chissano.
In 1993 there was a successful start of resolution of conflict process in
Sudan and lately in Somalia though there is still a long way to go.
Other examples include conflict between Uganda and Sudan, Eritrea
and Ethiopia which were a major concern for Kenya.
MURIGI, H (2021). Group conflict and peaceful resolution: An overview of alternative dispute resolution in kenya.. Afribary. Retrieved from https://afribary.com/works/group-conflict-and-peaceful-resolution-an-overview-of-alternative-dispute-resolution-in-kenya
MURIGI, HENRY "Group conflict and peaceful resolution: An overview of alternative dispute resolution in kenya." Afribary. Afribary, 11 Jun. 2021, https://afribary.com/works/group-conflict-and-peaceful-resolution-an-overview-of-alternative-dispute-resolution-in-kenya. Accessed 19 Oct. 2021.
MURIGI, HENRY . "Group conflict and peaceful resolution: An overview of alternative dispute resolution in kenya.". Afribary, Afribary, 11 Jun. 2021. Web. 19 Oct. 2021. < https://afribary.com/works/group-conflict-and-peaceful-resolution-an-overview-of-alternative-dispute-resolution-in-kenya >.
MURIGI, HENRY . "Group conflict and peaceful resolution: An overview of alternative dispute resolution in kenya." Afribary (2021). Accessed October 19, 2021. https://afribary.com/works/group-conflict-and-peaceful-resolution-an-overview-of-alternative-dispute-resolution-in-kenya