Heat And Mass Transfer In Magnetohydrodynamics Flow About A Horizontal Plate Past, A Finite Porous Plate

Abstract

An investigation of heat and mass transfer in MHD  ow about a horizontal plate past nite plate, in a porous medium was carried out. The eect of magnetic eld on mass and heat transfer was investigated. The study was governed by Navier- stokes equations, energy equation, Ohm's law and concentration equation. These equations were formulated inform of partial dierential equations to represent the general phenomena of mass and heat. Then, the general equations were modied into specic equations to meet the objectives of the study. The resulting specic operational equations of Navier -Stokes, energy and concentration were found to be non linear hence, they were transformed into dimensionless form by substituting the non dimensional parameters. The discretization process was carried out for the dimensionless equations using implicit nite dierence method. The subsequent dis-creet equations were solved using Matlab computer program which was written to meet the purpose of the study. The results obtained were presented graphically for various values of the physical parameters. The eects of magnetic eld on dimen-sionless velocity , temperature , concentration and skin friction were studied. The values of magnetic parameter M were varied from 2 to 5 with an interval of one unit and the corresponding eects on mass and heat transfer obtained. We established that magnetic eld is directly proportional to the temperature prole, velocity pro-le, skin-friction and increase in magnetic eld led to a decrease in concentration prole. The increase in magnetic parameter M had accelerated eect on velocity prole, temperature prole and skin-friction. These results can be used by engineers and scientists in selecting appropriate materials used to design devices which involve magnetic eld. The ndings may also be useful when designing propulsion devices for propelling aircraft, missiles, satellites and in chilling of nuclear reactor.

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APA

Harun, L (2021). Heat And Mass Transfer In Magnetohydrodynamics Flow About A Horizontal Plate Past, A Finite Porous Plate. Afribary. Retrieved from https://afribary.com/works/heat-and-mass-transfer-in-magnetohydrodynamics-flow-about-a-horizontal-plate-past-a-finite-porous-plate

MLA 8th

Harun, Luke "Heat And Mass Transfer In Magnetohydrodynamics Flow About A Horizontal Plate Past, A Finite Porous Plate" Afribary. Afribary, 01 Jun. 2021, https://afribary.com/works/heat-and-mass-transfer-in-magnetohydrodynamics-flow-about-a-horizontal-plate-past-a-finite-porous-plate. Accessed 25 May. 2024.

MLA7

Harun, Luke . "Heat And Mass Transfer In Magnetohydrodynamics Flow About A Horizontal Plate Past, A Finite Porous Plate". Afribary, Afribary, 01 Jun. 2021. Web. 25 May. 2024. < https://afribary.com/works/heat-and-mass-transfer-in-magnetohydrodynamics-flow-about-a-horizontal-plate-past-a-finite-porous-plate >.

Chicago

Harun, Luke . "Heat And Mass Transfer In Magnetohydrodynamics Flow About A Horizontal Plate Past, A Finite Porous Plate" Afribary (2021). Accessed May 25, 2024. https://afribary.com/works/heat-and-mass-transfer-in-magnetohydrodynamics-flow-about-a-horizontal-plate-past-a-finite-porous-plate