Ideology And Discourse Strategies In Selected Radio News Of Osun State Broadcasting Corporation, Nigeria

ABSTRACT

Previous studies on news in electronic media in Nigeria have mostly concentrated on

linguistic and stylistic features with little attention on discourse strategies and underlying

ideological factors considered to be significant in the construction and full understanding of

radio news. There is need for more attention to be paid to ideologies and discourse strategies

in media discourse as they enhance the comprehension of radio news. This study, therefore,

investigated the discourse strategies and political ideologies in selected radio news of Osun

State Broadcasting Corporation, (OSBC), with a view to revealing the interaction between the

strategies and ideologies. The OSBC was selected for its unique engagements with political

ideologies.

The study was carried out within the framework of Critical Discourse Analysis (CDA)

which links the text with underlying power relations and ideologies, using Wodak‟s sociohistorical

and van Dijk‟s socio-cognitive models. These are complemented with Halliday‟s

Systemic Functional Grammar (SFG) for its emphasis on the form/function relationship in

language use. A total of 1000 written news reports from the OSBC were collected between

April 2007 and November 2010, out of which 250 (25%) were purposively sampled, based on

their political contents. The period was selected because of the political tension that

characterized the election situation in the State during the regime of Governor Olagunsoye

Oyinlola. A content analysis of the news was carried out using the tools of SFG and CDA.

Three major political ideologies namely, historicist, humanitarian, and welfarist, were

observed to influence the deployment of specific discourse strategies in the construction of

political news in the OSBC radio during the regime of Governor Olagunsoye Oyinlola.

Government was projected as welfarist and humanitarian in its political agenda. Historicist

ideology was characterised by the use of temporality and historical comparison of events. The

linguistic tool of lexicalisation was used to foreground the humanitarian and welfarist

ideologies of the government. The historicist ideology was characterised by the use of

transitive clauses with a high degree of transitivity which comprised spatio-temporal

adverbials and verbal choices for detailed material, mental and relational processes

representing the actions and activities of prominent political actors in the news events. For

humanitarian and welfarist ideologies, the strategies utilised were blame transfer, source

avoidance, positive self-presentation and negative other-presentation, foregrounding of

figures and statistics, manipulation, and authoritarianism. Blame transfer exonerated the

political actors from the ills of the society and shifted the blame on the opponents. Events that

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portrayed the ruling political party positively and the opposition negatively were emphasised

and given prominence while those that portrayed the ruling party negatively and the

opponents positively were defocussed.

There is a close interaction between political ideology and the discourse strategies

used to project it in OSBC radio news texts. This interaction throws useful insights into the

ideational process that is crucial in the construction of radio news. Future studies should

undertake an analysis of the link between ideology and television news.

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APA

, A (2021). Ideology And Discourse Strategies In Selected Radio News Of Osun State Broadcasting Corporation, Nigeria. Afribary. Retrieved from https://afribary.com/works/ideology-and-discourse-strategies-in-selected-radio-news-of-osun-state-broadcasting-corporation-nigeria

MLA 8th

, AJEWOLE-ORIMOGUNJE "Ideology And Discourse Strategies In Selected Radio News Of Osun State Broadcasting Corporation, Nigeria" Afribary. Afribary, 22 Apr. 2021, https://afribary.com/works/ideology-and-discourse-strategies-in-selected-radio-news-of-osun-state-broadcasting-corporation-nigeria. Accessed 23 Jul. 2024.

MLA7

, AJEWOLE-ORIMOGUNJE . "Ideology And Discourse Strategies In Selected Radio News Of Osun State Broadcasting Corporation, Nigeria". Afribary, Afribary, 22 Apr. 2021. Web. 23 Jul. 2024. < https://afribary.com/works/ideology-and-discourse-strategies-in-selected-radio-news-of-osun-state-broadcasting-corporation-nigeria >.

Chicago

, AJEWOLE-ORIMOGUNJE . "Ideology And Discourse Strategies In Selected Radio News Of Osun State Broadcasting Corporation, Nigeria" Afribary (2021). Accessed July 23, 2024. https://afribary.com/works/ideology-and-discourse-strategies-in-selected-radio-news-of-osun-state-broadcasting-corporation-nigeria