IMAGES OF SOCIAL VICES IN CONTEMPORARY NIGERIAN POETRY : A STUDY OF DENJA ABDULLAHI’S MAIROGO AND JIDE BALOGUN’S THE DESERT IN THE RIVER

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ABSTRACT

As a result of social vices in our immediate environments this research work aims at bringing out how contemporary writers have reacted to the bad happening in the society, especially using Denja Abdullahi’s Mairogo and Jide Balogun’s The Desert in the river using sociological theory to investigate social vice that were present in the two texts and it is discovered that poetry is used as a means of achieving an egalitarian society.
 
TABLE OF CONTENT

CONTENT   
Title Page…………………………………………………………..i
Certificate………………………………………………………….ii
Dedication ……………………………………….........................iii  
Acknowledgement………………………………………………..v
Abstract…………………………………………………………...vii 
Table of content………………………………………………….viii

CHAPTER ONE 
GENERAL INTRODUCTION 
1.1   Introduction ……………………………………1
1.2   Purpose of the study ………………………….4
1.3   Significance of the study ……………………..4
1.4   Scope and Limitation of the study……………5
1.5   Research methodology ……………………………………5
1.6   Chapterization……………………………………………….6

CHAPTER TWO 
   LITERATURE REVIEW 
2.0   Introduction ………………………………………………...8
2.1   Sociological theory introduction………………………….8
2.2   Relevance of sociological theory of literature…………..9
2.3   Importance of sociological theory………………………..10
2.4   sociological theorist ………………………………….......11
2.5   Social forces I n the development of sociological    theory…….………………………………………………...12
2.6   Intellectual forces and the rise of sociological theory …13
2.7    The contemporary relevance of sociological theory…..14
2.8   Relevance of sociological theory to the research work   ………………………………………………………………14
2.9   Conclusion………………………………………………   …17

CHAPTER THREE
3.0   Introduction ……………………………………………….19
3.1   Themes of social vice in Jide Balogun’s the desert in the    River………………………….…………………………….19
3.2    Themes of social vice in Denja Abdullahi’s Mairogo …28
3.3   Literary techniques EMPLOYED……………………………34

CHAPTER FOUR 
4.0   Introduction ………………………………………………..40
4.1   Summary …………………………………………………..40
4.2   Findings ……………………………………………………40
4.3   Conclusion ………………………………………………...41
BIOGRAPHY
 
INTRODUCTION

Nigerian poetry is the poetry of the Nigerian people that is written in order to show the experiences of the people, their culture, socio – economic and political status.
Poetry is a work of art that deals with style like other genres of literature which can be used to expose the societal vices or ills done by man. Vices such as socio – economic, political and cultural vices among others.
As a result of societal decadence,  writers or poets use their literacy works as interventional tools to effect a change in the society. Earlier poets like Wole Soyinka, Niyi Osundare, Odia Ofeimu, Ezenwa Ohaeto, Funso Aiyejina, Ikekwu Ogine, Femi Osofisan among others are in this category. Many critical works and many articles in journals Newspaper Magazines, etc have been written by them so as to expose various forms of vices.
In an INTERVIEW by Jane Wilkinson (1985)
          Soyinka says
The only problem we all face is one which besets not only writers but citizens in Nigeria. The problems of our unbelievable and unacceptable socio – political situations, which get and more reactionary and in human with every succeeding regime.
For this reason, Soyinka (1985:68) sees the social economic and political situations of Nigeria as frustrating.
   Examples of literary essays and literary works that have been written by some Nigerian scholars include, Chinua Achebe’s essay, The Trouble Nigeria, (1993), and also Odia Ofeimu in his poetry titled The Poet Lied, (1980), Tanure Ojaide’s Fate of Vulture (1997) and Invoking the Warrior Spirit (1998), also Niyi Osundare’s Village Voices (1984) and The Eye of the Earth, (1986) among others. All these works reflect the social vices that are rampant in the society.
   In the Fate of Vulture: Poems like “the music of Pain” is addressed to the issue of social and political status of the society, in the form of protest and agitation for justice. Also, the poem identified as the “chorus of resistant cries” depicts lament song used as a bid against corruption and also, it shows the dauntless spirit of the people’s voice and will, including the poet. As illustrated of the victories against overloads.
   … I wanted communion to shame 
           Chief of selfish role.
       … drawing into its veins
   The STRENGTH of millions,
   It took the course of the country
   Into its expanding heart
   ... listen to my song
   The music of communion pain (p.2)
   In addition, the poem “Compatriots” shows the political disappointment, mockery of the national integrity, nonchalant attitude of the custodians of power, moral and social dereliction among others. Some lines from the poem include:
   As soon as they had their hold on the land,
   They upset the customs of the truth
   Now they have blunted the sacred sword
   How will justice be executed (p.13)
   Moreover, in the village voices poem like “Eating with all the fingers” establishes the greediness spirit in the life of people in the society especially the politicians who care not for the others in the society, but they want every thing to becomes their own personal properties. It says
   The affairs of this life
   are like people eating 
   some dip ten fingers
   and close their throats
   their greed chokes the land
   with sprawling dirt. (p.15)
   In addition, the poem “The land of Unease” shows moral and social decadence in the life’s of the people. It also shows the attitude of the leaders toward the economy of the country, as the one which does not improve it but to destroy the one which does not improve it but to destroy the economy. As illustrated
   Men forge unequal knives
   A few slashing the yam
   With machete greedier
   Than Esimuda’s sword
   leaving mere peelings
   This research work is aimed at showing how contemporary Nigeria poets use their poetry to expose the social, economic, cultural, religious and political vices in Nigeria so that adequate changes can be made.
   This research work shall consider Denja Abdullahi’s volume of poetry Mairogo and Jide Balogun collection of poems, The Desert in the River and materials to be used in discussing and analyzing the images of social vices in contemporary Nigerian poetry.
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APA

Ugwu, A. (2018). IMAGES OF SOCIAL VICES IN CONTEMPORARY NIGERIAN POETRY : A STUDY OF DENJA ABDULLAHI’S MAIROGO AND JIDE BALOGUN’S THE DESERT IN THE RIVER. Afribary. Retrieved from https://afribary.com/works/images-of-social-vices-in-contemporary-nigerian-poetry-a-study-of-denja-abdullahi-rsquo-s-mairogo-and-jide-balogun-rsquo-s-the-desert-in-the-river-7391

MLA 8th

Ugwu, Anderson "IMAGES OF SOCIAL VICES IN CONTEMPORARY NIGERIAN POETRY : A STUDY OF DENJA ABDULLAHI’S MAIROGO AND JIDE BALOGUN’S THE DESERT IN THE RIVER" Afribary. Afribary, 29 Jan. 2018, https://afribary.com/works/images-of-social-vices-in-contemporary-nigerian-poetry-a-study-of-denja-abdullahi-rsquo-s-mairogo-and-jide-balogun-rsquo-s-the-desert-in-the-river-7391. Accessed 04 Dec. 2022.

MLA7

Ugwu, Anderson . "IMAGES OF SOCIAL VICES IN CONTEMPORARY NIGERIAN POETRY : A STUDY OF DENJA ABDULLAHI’S MAIROGO AND JIDE BALOGUN’S THE DESERT IN THE RIVER". Afribary, Afribary, 29 Jan. 2018. Web. 04 Dec. 2022. < https://afribary.com/works/images-of-social-vices-in-contemporary-nigerian-poetry-a-study-of-denja-abdullahi-rsquo-s-mairogo-and-jide-balogun-rsquo-s-the-desert-in-the-river-7391 >.

Chicago

Ugwu, Anderson . "IMAGES OF SOCIAL VICES IN CONTEMPORARY NIGERIAN POETRY : A STUDY OF DENJA ABDULLAHI’S MAIROGO AND JIDE BALOGUN’S THE DESERT IN THE RIVER" Afribary (2018). Accessed December 04, 2022. https://afribary.com/works/images-of-social-vices-in-contemporary-nigerian-poetry-a-study-of-denja-abdullahi-rsquo-s-mairogo-and-jide-balogun-rsquo-s-the-desert-in-the-river-7391