This was a descriptive survey design study aimed at determining the vocational
training impact on job placement for persons with intellectual disability (PWID) in
Nakuru municipality, Nakuru County, Kenya. The study was to; establish prevocational
skills received prior to joining vocational training programs, determine
vocational programs in special schools, determine activities carried out in sheltered
workshops and assess transitional programs available in special schools. Target
populations were special schools for PWID with vocational training programs. Two
special schools with vocational programs were purposively selected. The study
population included; two head teachers, seven vocational teachers, forty eight current
learners and their parents and thirty four former learners and their parents all from
the selected schools. From each of the two sampled special schools, the head teacher
of the school, three vocational teachers, seven present learners and seven current
parents were purposively selected. Snowball method was used to sample ten former
learners and ten former parents. Questionnaires, interview guides and observation
schedules were used to gather data. Pilot study was done at Venessa Grant Special
School in the neighboring Rongai constituency as it has a vocational program.
Content validity of tools was established to ensure they measured the content of the
concepts and reliability was ensured through a test-retest procedure to the pilot
group. Data collected was analyzed through Statistical Package for Social Sciences
(SPSS) computer software. Frequency tallies and percentage calculations were
applied. Findings of this study were; pre-vocational skills being offered to PWID
learners although some skills given less preference. Also noted was that vocational
skills were offered although the technical ones were ignored by learners with ID.
Sheltered workshop was given preference for job placement by majority of teacher
and parent of PWID learners however; demerits of the same were also sighted.
Lastly, transitional programs were available in the institutions however; there was
laxity from parents and teachers on administering the same to the PWID.
Conclusions therefore were; PWID transit to vocational programs with inadequate
readiness skills which has negative effect on vocational skills acquisition and miss
employment opportunity as the courses they enrol for have less market or the market
is flooded. It was also concluded that before PWID join sheltered workshops, their
actual need should be ascertained. Lastly, there is lack of support from significant
persons in transition of PWID to the world of work which could results to a majority
of them not gaining employment even if they have skills. This study therefore
recommended that PWID learners be offered all pre-vocational skills adequately and
vocational counselling be offered intensively to PWID by trained vocational
counsellor. The study also recommended that PWID actual needs be properly
assessed and ascertained before they join sheltered workshops and finally significant
persons to play their role in ensuring successful transition of PWID to the world of
work. Implementation of the recommendations of this study may have positive
impact on stakeholders and may create more insight and understanding on vocational
programs and job placement for PWID. It may promote learning, teaching and transitional process in special schools and vocational institutions for PWID.
Research, S. & DULLO, O (2021). Impact Of Vocational Training On Job Placement For Persons With Intellectual Disability In Nakuru County, Kenya. Afribary. Retrieved from https://afribary.com/works/impact-of-vocational-training-on-job-placement-for-persons-with-intellectual-disability-in-nakuru-county-kenya
Research, SSA, and OGEGE DULLO "Impact Of Vocational Training On Job Placement For Persons With Intellectual Disability In Nakuru County, Kenya" Afribary. Afribary, 26 May. 2021, https://afribary.com/works/impact-of-vocational-training-on-job-placement-for-persons-with-intellectual-disability-in-nakuru-county-kenya. Accessed 26 Sep. 2022.
Research, SSA, and OGEGE DULLO . "Impact Of Vocational Training On Job Placement For Persons With Intellectual Disability In Nakuru County, Kenya". Afribary, Afribary, 26 May. 2021. Web. 26 Sep. 2022. < https://afribary.com/works/impact-of-vocational-training-on-job-placement-for-persons-with-intellectual-disability-in-nakuru-county-kenya >.
Research, SSA and DULLO, OGEGE . "Impact Of Vocational Training On Job Placement For Persons With Intellectual Disability In Nakuru County, Kenya" Afribary (2021). Accessed September 26, 2022. https://afribary.com/works/impact-of-vocational-training-on-job-placement-for-persons-with-intellectual-disability-in-nakuru-county-kenya