Importance of contact chemical cues in host recognition and acceptance by the braconid larval endoparasitoids Cotesia sesamiae and Cotesia flavipes

Abstract:

The ability of the congeneric braconid parasitoids Cotesia sesamiae (Cameron) and Cotesia flavipes Cameron to discriminate between stemborer larval cues upon contact was studied using their natural hosts,namely the noctuid Busseola fusca (Fuller) and the crambid Chilo partellus (Swinhoe), respectively, and the pyralid non-host Eldana saccharina (Walker). When the natural host larvae were washed in distilled water, parasitoid behavior was similar to that displayed when in contact with E. saccharina, characterized by the absence of ovipositor insertion. When washed host or non-host larvae were bathed with water extracts of their natural host, the parasitoids showed a significant increase in ovipositor insertions. However,the water extracts of host-larvae deposited on cotton wool balls did not induce ovipositor insertion in either C. sesamiae or C. flavipes. Nevertheless, the extracts enabled the parasitoids to discriminate between natural and non-hosts as indicated by the intensive antennating of the former. For both parasitoids, frass was found to be important in short-range host recognition as indicated by differences in the time spent on antennating between frass sources. In addition, the regurgitants of B. fusca and C. partellus induced ovipositor insertion in C. flavipes only. These results indicated that C. sesamiae and C. flavipes used different chemical cues for acceptation and oviposition in a stemborer larva, and that B. fusca and C.partellus shared the same chemical cues to induce oviposition in C. flavipes
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APA

Meshack, O (2024). Importance of contact chemical cues in host recognition and acceptance by the braconid larval endoparasitoids Cotesia sesamiae and Cotesia flavipes. Afribary. Retrieved from https://afribary.com/works/importance-of-contact-chemical-cues-in-host-recognition-and-acceptance-by-the-braconid-larval-endoparasitoids-cotesia-sesamiae-and-cotesia-flavipes

MLA 8th

Meshack, Obonyo "Importance of contact chemical cues in host recognition and acceptance by the braconid larval endoparasitoids Cotesia sesamiae and Cotesia flavipes" Afribary. Afribary, 10 Mar. 2024, https://afribary.com/works/importance-of-contact-chemical-cues-in-host-recognition-and-acceptance-by-the-braconid-larval-endoparasitoids-cotesia-sesamiae-and-cotesia-flavipes. Accessed 30 May. 2024.

MLA7

Meshack, Obonyo . "Importance of contact chemical cues in host recognition and acceptance by the braconid larval endoparasitoids Cotesia sesamiae and Cotesia flavipes". Afribary, Afribary, 10 Mar. 2024. Web. 30 May. 2024. < https://afribary.com/works/importance-of-contact-chemical-cues-in-host-recognition-and-acceptance-by-the-braconid-larval-endoparasitoids-cotesia-sesamiae-and-cotesia-flavipes >.

Chicago

Meshack, Obonyo . "Importance of contact chemical cues in host recognition and acceptance by the braconid larval endoparasitoids Cotesia sesamiae and Cotesia flavipes" Afribary (2024). Accessed May 30, 2024. https://afribary.com/works/importance-of-contact-chemical-cues-in-host-recognition-and-acceptance-by-the-braconid-larval-endoparasitoids-cotesia-sesamiae-and-cotesia-flavipes