International Procurement and Cost Reduction in Manufacturing Firms Case Study of Mukw Ano Industries Limited

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TABLE OF CONTENTS

TABLE OF CONTENTS .................................................................................................... ii

DECLARATION .... ......... .................................................................. ................................ iv

SUPERVISOR'S APPROVAL ............................ ............................................................. iv

DEDICATION ................................................................................................................... vi

ACKNOWLEDGEMENT ................................................................................................ vii

LIST OF ABBREVIATIONS .......................................................................................... viii

ABSTRACT ...................................... ................................................................................. ix

LIST OF TABLES ................................................................... ..................... ...................... X

CHAPTER ONE ............................................................................................................... 12

1.0 INTRODUCTION .................................................................................................. 12

1.1 Background of the study ......................................................................................... 12

1.2 Problem statement ................................................................................................... 13

1.3 Purpose of the study .............. .................................................................................. 14

1.4 Objectives of the study ............................................................................................ 14

1.5 Research questions .. ................................................................................................ 14

1.6 Scope ofthe study ................................................................................................... 15

1.6. 1 Geographical scope .............................................................................................. 15

1. 7 Significance of the study ......................................................................................... 15

CHAPTER TWO .............................................................................................................. 16

LITERATURE REVIEW ........................................... ................ ...................................... 16

INTRODUCTION ........................................................................................................ 16

2.1 The concept of international procurement ........... ................................................... 16

2.2 Forms of international procurement. ....................................................................... 17

2.2.1 Purchasing ............................................................ .......... ...... ................................ 17

2.2.2 Tenancy agreements ............................................................................................. 17

2.2.3 Franchising ........................................................................................................... 17

2.2.4 Hire purchase ....................................................................................................... 18

2.2.5 A lease contract. ................................................................................................... 18

2.2.6 Mortgage .............................................................................................................. 18

2.2.7 Counter trade ......................................................... .. ............................................. 18

2.3 tools used in international procurement.. ................................................................ 19

2.3. 1 Sourcing, .............................................................................................................. 19

2.3.2 Tendering .............................. ......... ..... .... ..... ............................. .. ... ...................... 19

2.3.3 Auctioning, ........................................................................................................... 19

2.3.4 Reserve auction, ................................................................................................... 20

2.3 .5 Ordering, .................................................. .............................. .......................... .... 20

2.3.6 Market place, ................................... ..................................................................... 20

2.4 Reasons for organizations engaging in international procurement. ........................ 20

2.5 Ways of reduction in business organizations .......................................................... 22

2.5.1 Suppliers relationship .............. .............................................. .... ........................... 22

2.5.2 Cost reduction and cost management .................................................................. 22

2.5.3 Target costing and value engineering . ............... ...... .......... .................................. 23

11

2.5.4 Capacity of utilization .......................................................................................... 23

2.6 relationships between international procurement and cost reduction ..................... 23

CHAPTER THREE .......................................................................................................... 25

Methodology ............................................................................. ........................................ 25

3.1 Research design ...................................................................................................... 25

3.2 Study population .......................................... ........................................... ................ 25

3.3 sampling procedure ................................................................................................. 25

3.3.1 Sampling design ................................................................................................... 25

3.3.2 A sampling size .................................................................................................... 25

3.4 source of data .......................................................................................................... 26

3.4. 1 Primary data ......................................................................................................... 26

3 .4.2 Secondary data ..................................................................................................... 26

3.5 Data collection methods .......................................................................................... 26

3.5.1 Oral interview ...................................................................................................... 26

3.5.2 Questionnaires ...................................................................................................... 26

3.6 Data processing methods ........................................................................................ 27

3.7 Data presentation ... ................................................................................................. 27

3.8 Limitations of the study .......................................................................................... 27

ABSTRACT The study covered the literature about international procurement and cost reduction n manufacturing firms, and reflected the forms used in international procurement, the tools used, why organizations engage in international procurement, how costs can be reduced and relationship between international procurement and cost reduction. International procurement refers to a commercial transaction between a buyer and a seller located in different countries, this highlights that procuring internationally is becoming more of a strategic motive that should be hired by organizations with a global view of staying in business. The study investigates forms used in international procurement and these include purchasing, tenancy agreements, hire purchase, counter trade, franchising among others. Furthermore it also investigates the tools used which also include sourcing, auctioning, ordering, market place among others. The study highlighted several factors that force organizations to engage in international procurement, these include need to acquire low priced goods, need to access worldwide technology, need to acquire high quality of goods and services and the need to enjoy better services. Furthermore the study also highlighted ways of reducing costs in organizations like supplier relationship, cost reduction, cost managements, target costing and value engineering and capacity utilization.

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APA

Frontiers, E. & GRACE, M (2022). International Procurement and Cost Reduction in Manufacturing Firms Case Study of Mukw Ano Industries Limited. Afribary. Retrieved from https://afribary.com/works/international-procurement-and-cost-reduction-in-manufacturing-firms-case-study-of-mukw-ano-industries-limited

MLA 8th

Frontiers, Edu, and MUKANSTNGA GRACE "International Procurement and Cost Reduction in Manufacturing Firms Case Study of Mukw Ano Industries Limited" Afribary. Afribary, 05 Aug. 2022, https://afribary.com/works/international-procurement-and-cost-reduction-in-manufacturing-firms-case-study-of-mukw-ano-industries-limited. Accessed 07 Aug. 2022.

MLA7

Frontiers, Edu, and MUKANSTNGA GRACE . "International Procurement and Cost Reduction in Manufacturing Firms Case Study of Mukw Ano Industries Limited". Afribary, Afribary, 05 Aug. 2022. Web. 07 Aug. 2022. < https://afribary.com/works/international-procurement-and-cost-reduction-in-manufacturing-firms-case-study-of-mukw-ano-industries-limited >.

Chicago

Frontiers, Edu and GRACE, MUKANSTNGA . "International Procurement and Cost Reduction in Manufacturing Firms Case Study of Mukw Ano Industries Limited" Afribary (2022). Accessed August 07, 2022. https://afribary.com/works/international-procurement-and-cost-reduction-in-manufacturing-firms-case-study-of-mukw-ano-industries-limited