Radio waves propagation is dependent on many variables. Any of these variables employed must ensure that the antennae at
both sides of the link can see each other. This is because the radio horizon extends beyond the optical horizon. Inspite of this porch,
telecommunications’ long distance signal suffer degradation. The ratio of the transmitted power to the receiver power is empirically
deteriorated. The level of the received signal fluctuation is usually a function of the configured characteristics between the TX-antenna
and the RX-antenna. In view of this, operating considerations are usually focused on LOS, NLOS and the FZ of the area, among other
environmental issues. The study, therefore, focuses on issues associated with Radio waves propagation under Fresnel zone peak levels of
0.6, 1.0 and 2.0. Five locations were considered along a major economic route (Eket-Mobil Oil giant and Uyo capital city). Signal
strength pattern along the route was evaluated using a wireless radio link established in all the surveyed interceptions. This aided to
determine any impeding structure tending to obstruct signal propagation; and measurements were taken at five respective nodes along
the route. Results indicated the best line-of-sight (LOS) at Etinan (-81dB signal strength). AfahaNsit, recorded the second best on the
table (-82dB). On the other hand, locations like Eket and Nsit-Ubium established very poor line-of-sight (signal strength of -84dB and -
83dB respectively). The study further noted that obstruction like trees along the route to Eket contributed greatly to the poor results
obtained at the terminal point of the signal; except for the meticulous positioning of the antennae. The variance recorded in this work
from the previously reported study by the same author, was due to modified Fresnel zone levels and corresponding decrease in
transmitting frequency. Comparatively, it was observed that the reduction in the channel frequency, increased the rate of attenuation
across the locations, as well as the signal strength.
Bernard, O (2019). Issues Associated with Decimeter Waves Propagation at 0.6, 1.0 and 2.0 Peak Fresnel Zone Levels. Afribary.com: Retrieved January 21, 2021, from https://afribary.com/works/issues-associated-with-decimeter-waves-propagation-at-0-6-1-0-and-2-0-peak-fresnel-zone-levels
Okon, Bernard. "Issues Associated with Decimeter Waves Propagation at 0.6, 1.0 and 2.0 Peak Fresnel Zone Levels" Afribary.com. Afribary.com, 04 Nov. 2019, https://afribary.com/works/issues-associated-with-decimeter-waves-propagation-at-0-6-1-0-and-2-0-peak-fresnel-zone-levels . Accessed 21 Jan. 2021.
Okon, Bernard. "Issues Associated with Decimeter Waves Propagation at 0.6, 1.0 and 2.0 Peak Fresnel Zone Levels". Afribary.com, Afribary.com, 04 Nov. 2019. Web. 21 Jan. 2021. < https://afribary.com/works/issues-associated-with-decimeter-waves-propagation-at-0-6-1-0-and-2-0-peak-fresnel-zone-levels >.
Okon, Bernard. "Issues Associated with Decimeter Waves Propagation at 0.6, 1.0 and 2.0 Peak Fresnel Zone Levels" Afribary.com (2019). Accessed January 21, 2021. https://afribary.com/works/issues-associated-with-decimeter-waves-propagation-at-0-6-1-0-and-2-0-peak-fresnel-zone-levels