Localization and tissue tropism of the symbiont Microsporidia MB in the germ line and somatic tissues of Anopheles arabiensis

Abstract:

The Anopheles symbiont, Microsporidia MB, is maternally inherited and has a strong malaria transmission-blocking phenotype in Anopheles arabiensis. Microsporidia MB is also vertically transmitted, sexually transmitted, and avirulent. These characteristics are expected to promote its spread through mosquito populations, enhancing the potential of Microsporidia MB as a candidate for the development of a symbiont-mediated malaria transmission-blocking strategy. We found that the patterns of Microsporidia MB localization over the development of An. arabiensis indicate accumulation in tissues linked to its transmission, specifically the male and female gonadal tissues. Transovarial vertical transmission of Microsporidia MB occurs in the female An. arabiensis ovary when Microsporidia MB becomes localized to the cytoplasm of the developing oocyte. In male An. arabiensis, Microsporidia MB is localized in the testis and vas deferens. Notably, a high intensity of Microsporidia MB can also be observed in the An. arabiensis adult but not larval gut. The levels of Microsporidia MB found in the female ovary are linked to the progression of oogenesis, increasing after blood feeding initiates the development of eggs. There was a significant change in Microsporidia MB levels in female and male An. arabiensis gonads, where intensity tended to decrease as mosquitoes aged. However, the intensities did not significantly change in the male or female guts. Altogether, the high specificity of Microsporidia MB tissue localization patterns and changes in infection prevalence and intensity suggest adaptation to maximize transmission and avirulence in Anopheles arabiensis.
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APA

Makhulu, E (2024). Localization and tissue tropism of the symbiont Microsporidia MB in the germ line and somatic tissues of Anopheles arabiensis. Afribary. Retrieved from https://afribary.com/works/localization-and-tissue-tropism-of-the-symbiont-microsporidia-mb-in-the-germ-line-and-somatic-tissues-of-anopheles-arabiensis

MLA 8th

Makhulu, Edward "Localization and tissue tropism of the symbiont Microsporidia MB in the germ line and somatic tissues of Anopheles arabiensis" Afribary. Afribary, 10 Mar. 2024, https://afribary.com/works/localization-and-tissue-tropism-of-the-symbiont-microsporidia-mb-in-the-germ-line-and-somatic-tissues-of-anopheles-arabiensis. Accessed 26 May. 2024.

MLA7

Makhulu, Edward . "Localization and tissue tropism of the symbiont Microsporidia MB in the germ line and somatic tissues of Anopheles arabiensis". Afribary, Afribary, 10 Mar. 2024. Web. 26 May. 2024. < https://afribary.com/works/localization-and-tissue-tropism-of-the-symbiont-microsporidia-mb-in-the-germ-line-and-somatic-tissues-of-anopheles-arabiensis >.

Chicago

Makhulu, Edward . "Localization and tissue tropism of the symbiont Microsporidia MB in the germ line and somatic tissues of Anopheles arabiensis" Afribary (2024). Accessed May 26, 2024. https://afribary.com/works/localization-and-tissue-tropism-of-the-symbiont-microsporidia-mb-in-the-germ-line-and-somatic-tissues-of-anopheles-arabiensis