Management of Helicoverpa armigera (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) by nutritional indices study and botanical extracts of Millettia ferruginea and Azadirachta indica

Abstract:

The development of hosts that are resistant and evaluation of botanical extracts to H. armigera Hübner (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) is crucial for sustainable management, yet very limited in Ethiopia. Therefore, this study was done to identify alternative methods to insecticide control through host consumption study and botanical extracts. The performance of third-fifth larval stages of H. armigera on three host plant varieties including chickpea, tomato and faba bean and botanical extracts against the third larval instars and oviposition deterrence was studied under laboratory condition (22˚C ± 2˚C, 55% ± 5% RH, 12:12 L: D photoperiod). Significant differences were found in the efficiency of conversion of ingested food (ECI%) (F = 80.06; df = 6, 2; p < 0.05) and efficiency of conversion of digested food (ECD%) (F = 175.91; df = 6, 2; p < 0.05) values of H. armigera reared on the three host plant varieties of the whole larval instars. The minimum relative consumption rate (RCR) (11.271 ± 0.328) and maximum approximate digestibility (AD) (177.9 ± 1.928) values of the whole larval instars were on Dagaga and Koshari, respectively. The values of relative growth rate (RGR), ECI% and ECD% of the whole larval instars were highest on chickpea varieties and lowest on tomato Koshari. Among chickpea varieties, Habru was relatively resistant to larval instars of H. armigera. Botanical extracts at 50% neem oil (NO), 5% birbira seed extract (BSE) and 5% neem seed extract (NSE) (18.4%) resulted superior in larval mortality however, statistically not different. At both 5% and 2.5% concentration level of botanical extracts the minimum larval mortality was recorded from neem leaf extract (NLE). Maximum numbers of eggs were laid on control treatments and the minimum eggs were on 5% BSE. The deterrent effect of 50% neem oil was stronger (ODI = 17.66%) than that of 5% BSE (ODI = 14%) which is statistically similar value with 5% NSE (ODI = 13%). In conclusion, the result indicated that use of Habru chickpea variety with 50% NO was very effective in controlling both the larvae and deterring the adults of H. armigera from egg lying. These measures could be important in the wider managements of H. armigera by integrating host resistance and botanical extracts.
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APA

T., F (2024). Management of Helicoverpa armigera (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) by nutritional indices study and botanical extracts of Millettia ferruginea and Azadirachta indica. Afribary. Retrieved from https://afribary.com/works/management-of-helicoverpa-armigera-lepidoptera-noctuidae-by-nutritional-indices-study-and-botanical-extracts-of-millettia-ferruginea-and-azadirachta-indica

MLA 8th

T., Fite "Management of Helicoverpa armigera (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) by nutritional indices study and botanical extracts of Millettia ferruginea and Azadirachta indica" Afribary. Afribary, 10 Mar. 2024, https://afribary.com/works/management-of-helicoverpa-armigera-lepidoptera-noctuidae-by-nutritional-indices-study-and-botanical-extracts-of-millettia-ferruginea-and-azadirachta-indica. Accessed 30 May. 2024.

MLA7

T., Fite . "Management of Helicoverpa armigera (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) by nutritional indices study and botanical extracts of Millettia ferruginea and Azadirachta indica". Afribary, Afribary, 10 Mar. 2024. Web. 30 May. 2024. < https://afribary.com/works/management-of-helicoverpa-armigera-lepidoptera-noctuidae-by-nutritional-indices-study-and-botanical-extracts-of-millettia-ferruginea-and-azadirachta-indica >.

Chicago

T., Fite . "Management of Helicoverpa armigera (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) by nutritional indices study and botanical extracts of Millettia ferruginea and Azadirachta indica" Afribary (2024). Accessed May 30, 2024. https://afribary.com/works/management-of-helicoverpa-armigera-lepidoptera-noctuidae-by-nutritional-indices-study-and-botanical-extracts-of-millettia-ferruginea-and-azadirachta-indica