Mapping bugweed (Solanum mauritianum) infestations in Pinus patula plantations using hyperspectral imagery and support vector machines

Abstract:

The invasive plant known as bugweed (Solanum mauritianum) is a notorious invader of forestry plantations in the eastern parts of South Africa. Not only is bugweed considered to be one of five most widespread invasive alien plant (IAP) species in the summer rainfall regions of South Africa but it is also one of the worst invasive alien plants in Africa. It forms dense infestations that not only impacts upon commercial forestry activities but also causes significant ecological and environment damage within natural ecotones. Effective weed management efforts therefore require new and robust approaches to accurately detect; map and monitor weed distribution in order to mitigate the impact on forestry operations. In this regard, support vector machines (SVM) offer a promising alternative to conventional machine learning and pattern recognition approaches to weed detection and mapping using remote sensing. The main objective of this research was to determine the utility of using a recursive feature elimination support vector machine (SVM-RFE) based approach with a 272-waveband AISA Eagle image to detect and map the presence of co-occuring bugweed within mature Pinus patula compartments in KwaZulu Natal. The SVM-RFE approach required only 17 optimal bands from the original 272 band image to produce a classification accuracy of 93% and True Skills Statistic of 0.83. Results from this study indicate that (1) there is definite potential for using SVMs for accurate detection and mapping of bugweed species in commercial plantations and (2) it is not necessary to use the entire 272-band dataset to accurately detect bugweed occurrence as the SVM-RFE approach will identify an optimal subset of wavebands for weed detection enabling substantially improved data processing and analysis.
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APA

Tom, A (2024). Mapping bugweed (Solanum mauritianum) infestations in Pinus patula plantations using hyperspectral imagery and support vector machines. Afribary. Retrieved from https://afribary.com/works/mapping-bugweed-solanum-mauritianum-infestations-in-pinus-patula-plantations-using-hyperspectral-imagery-and-support-vector-machines

MLA 8th

Tom, Atkinson "Mapping bugweed (Solanum mauritianum) infestations in Pinus patula plantations using hyperspectral imagery and support vector machines" Afribary. Afribary, 03 May. 2024, https://afribary.com/works/mapping-bugweed-solanum-mauritianum-infestations-in-pinus-patula-plantations-using-hyperspectral-imagery-and-support-vector-machines. Accessed 15 Jun. 2024.

MLA7

Tom, Atkinson . "Mapping bugweed (Solanum mauritianum) infestations in Pinus patula plantations using hyperspectral imagery and support vector machines". Afribary, Afribary, 03 May. 2024. Web. 15 Jun. 2024. < https://afribary.com/works/mapping-bugweed-solanum-mauritianum-infestations-in-pinus-patula-plantations-using-hyperspectral-imagery-and-support-vector-machines >.

Chicago

Tom, Atkinson . "Mapping bugweed (Solanum mauritianum) infestations in Pinus patula plantations using hyperspectral imagery and support vector machines" Afribary (2024). Accessed June 15, 2024. https://afribary.com/works/mapping-bugweed-solanum-mauritianum-infestations-in-pinus-patula-plantations-using-hyperspectral-imagery-and-support-vector-machines