Mechanism of Action of Endophytic Fungi Hypocrea lixii and Beauveria bassiana in Phaseolus vulgaris as Biopesticides against Pea Leafminer and Fall Armyworm

Abstract:

Endophytic fungal isolates Hypocrea lixii F3ST1 and Beauveria bassiana G1LU3 were evalu-ated for their potential to endophytically colonize and induce active compounds in Phaseolus vulgaris,as a defense mechanism against pea leafminer (Liriomyza huidobrensis) and fall armyworm (Spodoptera frugiperda). Endophytic colonization was achieved through seed inoculation with the volatile emis- sions from P. vulgaris plants being analyzed using GC-MS. The crude extracts of P. vulgaris obtained using methanol and dichloromethane were assayed against leafminer and fall armyworm larvae using leaf dipping and topical application, respectively. The two isolates successfully colonized the entire host plant (roots, stems, and leaves) with significant variation (p < 0.001) between fungal iso- lates and the controls. The results showed qualitative differences in the volatile profiles between the control plants, endophytically colonized and insect-damaged plants attributed to fungal inoculation and leafminer damage. The crude methanol extracts significantly reduced the percentage pupation of 2nd instar leafminer larvae (p < 0.001) and adult-flies emergence (p < 0.05). The survival of the 1st instar fall armyworm larvae was also significantly reduced (p < 0.001) compared to the controls. This study demonstrated the high potential of endophytic fungi H. lixii and B. bassiana in inducing mainly specific defense compounds in the common bean P. vulgaris that can be used against pea leafminer and fall armyworm
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APA

Chebet, O (2024). Mechanism of Action of Endophytic Fungi Hypocrea lixii and Beauveria bassiana in Phaseolus vulgaris as Biopesticides against Pea Leafminer and Fall Armyworm. Afribary. Retrieved from https://afribary.com/works/mechanism-of-action-of-endophytic-fungi-hypocrea-lixii-and-beauveria-bassiana-in-phaseolus-vulgaris-as-biopesticides-against-pea-leafminer-and-fall-armyworm

MLA 8th

Chebet, Olivia "Mechanism of Action of Endophytic Fungi Hypocrea lixii and Beauveria bassiana in Phaseolus vulgaris as Biopesticides against Pea Leafminer and Fall Armyworm" Afribary. Afribary, 10 Mar. 2024, https://afribary.com/works/mechanism-of-action-of-endophytic-fungi-hypocrea-lixii-and-beauveria-bassiana-in-phaseolus-vulgaris-as-biopesticides-against-pea-leafminer-and-fall-armyworm. Accessed 21 May. 2024.

MLA7

Chebet, Olivia . "Mechanism of Action of Endophytic Fungi Hypocrea lixii and Beauveria bassiana in Phaseolus vulgaris as Biopesticides against Pea Leafminer and Fall Armyworm". Afribary, Afribary, 10 Mar. 2024. Web. 21 May. 2024. < https://afribary.com/works/mechanism-of-action-of-endophytic-fungi-hypocrea-lixii-and-beauveria-bassiana-in-phaseolus-vulgaris-as-biopesticides-against-pea-leafminer-and-fall-armyworm >.

Chicago

Chebet, Olivia . "Mechanism of Action of Endophytic Fungi Hypocrea lixii and Beauveria bassiana in Phaseolus vulgaris as Biopesticides against Pea Leafminer and Fall Armyworm" Afribary (2024). Accessed May 21, 2024. https://afribary.com/works/mechanism-of-action-of-endophytic-fungi-hypocrea-lixii-and-beauveria-bassiana-in-phaseolus-vulgaris-as-biopesticides-against-pea-leafminer-and-fall-armyworm