This study examined the influence of media ownership structure on media independence and
its implication for democratic governance. Two publicly-owned newspapers and two
privately-owned newspapers with different political affiliations were used as a case study.
Qualitative case study approach was deemed as appropriate method for the study. Purposive
sampling technique was used to select the four newspapers and journalists interviewed for the
analysis. The study found out that the structure of the media ownership affected the watchdog
role of the media studied. Contrary to constitutional guarantees of media independence, the
study showed that journalists working in the state-owned media are prevented from
exercising their watchdog role on top functionaries of whichever political party happened to
be in power. Unlike the public media, the private media appear to have a different modus
operandi; the main issue for them is whether their paper is aligned to the watchdog target or
not. The study found out that they are unimpeded in exercising their watchdog functions if
the target is a rival to their owners political camp, and they exercise their watchdog role
whether the target of the investigations is in government or not. On the other hand when the
target happens to be in the same camp as that of their owners, they appeared constraint in
exercising their investigative role .The study also found out that the difference between the
two ownership structures (public and private) in terms of ability to perform watchdog
functions on government is marginal.
CDR, C (2021). MEDIA OWNERSHIP AND MEDIA FREEDOM: IMPLICATIONS FOR DEMOCRATIC GOVERNANCE UNDER GHANA’S FOUTH REPUBLIC. Afribary.com: Retrieved April 17, 2021, from https://afribary.com/works/media-ownership-and-media-freedom-implications-for-democratic-governance-under-ghana-s-fouth-republic
Coalition, CDR. "MEDIA OWNERSHIP AND MEDIA FREEDOM: IMPLICATIONS FOR DEMOCRATIC GOVERNANCE UNDER GHANA’S FOUTH REPUBLIC" Afribary.com. Afribary.com, 02 Apr. 2021, https://afribary.com/works/media-ownership-and-media-freedom-implications-for-democratic-governance-under-ghana-s-fouth-republic . Accessed 17 Apr. 2021.
Coalition, CDR. "MEDIA OWNERSHIP AND MEDIA FREEDOM: IMPLICATIONS FOR DEMOCRATIC GOVERNANCE UNDER GHANA’S FOUTH REPUBLIC". Afribary.com, Afribary.com, 02 Apr. 2021. Web. 17 Apr. 2021. < https://afribary.com/works/media-ownership-and-media-freedom-implications-for-democratic-governance-under-ghana-s-fouth-republic >.
Coalition, CDR. "MEDIA OWNERSHIP AND MEDIA FREEDOM: IMPLICATIONS FOR DEMOCRATIC GOVERNANCE UNDER GHANA’S FOUTH REPUBLIC" Afribary.com (2021). Accessed April 17, 2021. https://afribary.com/works/media-ownership-and-media-freedom-implications-for-democratic-governance-under-ghana-s-fouth-republic