Metarhizium anisopliae infection reduces Trypanosoma congolense reproduction in Glossina fuscipes fuscipes and its ability to acquire or transmit the parasite

Abstract:

Background: Tsetse fly-borne trypanosomiasis remains a significant problem in Africa despite years of interventions and research. The need for new strategies to control and possibly eliminate trypanosomiasis cannot be over-emphasized. Entomopathogenic fungi (EPF) infect their hosts through the cuticle and proliferate within the body of the host causing death in about 3–14 days depending on the concentration. During the infection process, EPF can reduce blood feeding abilities in hematophagous arthropods such as mosquitoes, tsetse flies and ticks, which may subsequently impact the development and transmission of parasites. Here, we report on the effects of infection of tsetse fly (Glossina fuscipes fuscipes) by the EPF, Metarhizium anisopliae ICIPE 30 wild-type strain (WT) and green fluorescent protein-transformed strain (GZP-1) on the ability of the flies to harbor and transmit the parasite, Trypanosoma congolense. Results: Teneral flies were fed T. congolense-infected blood for 2 h and then infected using velvet carpet fabric impregnated with conidia covered inside a cylindrical plastic tube for 12 h. Control flies were fed with T.congolense-infected blood but not exposed to the fungal treatment via the carpet fabric inside a cylindrical plastic tube. Insects were dissected at 2, 3, 5 and 7 days post-fungal exposure and the density of parasites quantified. Parasite load decreased from 8.7 × 107 at day 2 to between 8.3 × 104 and 1.3 × 105 T. congolense ml− 1 at day 3 post-fungal exposure in fungus-treated (WT and GZP-1) fly groups. When T. congolense-infected flies were exposed to either fungal strain, they did not transmit the parasite to mice whereas control treatment flies remained capable of parasite transmission. Furthermore, M. anisopliae-inoculated flies which fed on T. congolenseinfected mice were not able to acquire the parasites at 4 days post-fungal exposure while parasite acquisition was observed in the control treatment during the same period. Conclusions: Infection of the vector G. f. fuscipes by the entomopathogenic fungus M. anisopliae negatively affected the multiplication of the parasite T. congolense in the fly and reduced the vectorial capacity to acquire or transmit the parasite.
Subscribe to access this work and thousands more
Overall Rating

0

5 Star
(0)
4 Star
(0)
3 Star
(0)
2 Star
(0)
1 Star
(0)
APA

Public Library, A. & Wamiti., L (2024). Metarhizium anisopliae infection reduces Trypanosoma congolense reproduction in Glossina fuscipes fuscipes and its ability to acquire or transmit the parasite. Afribary. Retrieved from https://afribary.com/works/metarhizium-anisopliae-infection-reduces-trypanosoma-congolense-reproduction-in-glossina-fuscipes-fuscipes-and-its-ability-to-acquire-or-transmit-the-parasite

MLA 8th

Public Library, Africana, and Lawrence Wamiti. "Metarhizium anisopliae infection reduces Trypanosoma congolense reproduction in Glossina fuscipes fuscipes and its ability to acquire or transmit the parasite" Afribary. Afribary, 10 Mar. 2024, https://afribary.com/works/metarhizium-anisopliae-infection-reduces-trypanosoma-congolense-reproduction-in-glossina-fuscipes-fuscipes-and-its-ability-to-acquire-or-transmit-the-parasite. Accessed 20 May. 2024.

MLA7

Public Library, Africana, and Lawrence Wamiti. . "Metarhizium anisopliae infection reduces Trypanosoma congolense reproduction in Glossina fuscipes fuscipes and its ability to acquire or transmit the parasite". Afribary, Afribary, 10 Mar. 2024. Web. 20 May. 2024. < https://afribary.com/works/metarhizium-anisopliae-infection-reduces-trypanosoma-congolense-reproduction-in-glossina-fuscipes-fuscipes-and-its-ability-to-acquire-or-transmit-the-parasite >.

Chicago

Public Library, Africana and Wamiti., Lawrence . "Metarhizium anisopliae infection reduces Trypanosoma congolense reproduction in Glossina fuscipes fuscipes and its ability to acquire or transmit the parasite" Afribary (2024). Accessed May 20, 2024. https://afribary.com/works/metarhizium-anisopliae-infection-reduces-trypanosoma-congolense-reproduction-in-glossina-fuscipes-fuscipes-and-its-ability-to-acquire-or-transmit-the-parasite