This study presents the modelling and optimization of a Hybrid Energy System (HES) for
GSM Base Transceiver Station (BTS) sites in emerging cities. The aim is to ensure reliable
and cost-effective power supply, considering the availability, dynamism and viability of
Theoretical approach is applied in the modelling, simulation and validation of the developed
HES, which consists of the utility grid, wind and solar photovoltaic (PV) as primary energy
sources incorporating a super-capacitor/battery storage and power conversion unit. The
complexity in optimizing continuous variables of the HES informed the use of a hybrid
Genetic Algorithm and Pattern Search (h-GAPS) technique. The optimization problem is
treated as a single objective function by considering all objectives in terms of cost while
constraining the HES to satisfy the load demand safely according to the reliability criteria
defined by the energy management strategy. The h-GAPS based optimization model
simulated for the peripheral node GSM BTS sites in Abuja, Benin City, Enugu, Ikeja,
Maiduguri and Sokoto utilized long-term (22-years) meteorological data sets collected from
the Nigerian Meteorological agency and the National Aeronautics and Space Administration.
The performance index of various developed and existing energy systems is evaluated based
on economy or Cost of Energy (COE), power system reliability, energy throughput, and
emission reduction targets.
The Public Access, L (2021). Modelling And Optimization Of A Hybrid Energy System For GSM Base Transceiver Station Sites In Emerging Cities. Afribary.com: Retrieved April 17, 2021, from https://afribary.com/works/modelling-and-optimization-of-a-hybrid-energy-system-for-gsm-base-transceiver-station-sites-in-emerging-cities
Library, The Public Access. "Modelling And Optimization Of A Hybrid Energy System For GSM Base Transceiver Station Sites In Emerging Cities" Afribary.com. Afribary.com, 08 Apr. 2021, https://afribary.com/works/modelling-and-optimization-of-a-hybrid-energy-system-for-gsm-base-transceiver-station-sites-in-emerging-cities . Accessed 17 Apr. 2021.
Library, The Public Access. "Modelling And Optimization Of A Hybrid Energy System For GSM Base Transceiver Station Sites In Emerging Cities". Afribary.com, Afribary.com, 08 Apr. 2021. Web. 17 Apr. 2021. < https://afribary.com/works/modelling-and-optimization-of-a-hybrid-energy-system-for-gsm-base-transceiver-station-sites-in-emerging-cities >.
Library, The Public Access. "Modelling And Optimization Of A Hybrid Energy System For GSM Base Transceiver Station Sites In Emerging Cities" Afribary.com (2021). Accessed April 17, 2021. https://afribary.com/works/modelling-and-optimization-of-a-hybrid-energy-system-for-gsm-base-transceiver-station-sites-in-emerging-cities