Mornings Oleifera: A Review of an Underutilized Plant with Therapeutic Values in Nigeria

Joy Obakpolor 35 PAGES (9817 WORDS) Seminar
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ABSTRACT

Moringa oleifera grows in the tropical and subtropical regions of the world. It is commonly known as ‘drumstick tree’ or ‘horseradish tree’ in Nigeria. Moringa can withstand both severe drought and mild frost conditions and hence widely cultivated across the world. With its high therapeutic values, every part of the tree is suitable for either nutritional or commercial purposes. The leaves are rich in minerals, vitamins and other essential phytochemicals. Extracts from the leaves are used to treat malnutrition, augment breast milk in lactating mothers. It is used as potential antioxidant, anticancer, anti-inflammatory, antidiabetic and antimicrobial agent. M. oleifera seed, a natural coagulant is extensively used in water treatment. The scientific effort of this research provides insights on the nutritive, medicinal and commercial values of Moringa Oleifera Plant. This review explores the use of Moringa Oleiefra Plant across disciplines for its medicinal value and deals with cultivation, nutrition, commercial and prominent pharmacological properties of this “Miracle Tree”





TABLE OF CONTENTS

CERTIFICATION i

DEDICATION ii

ACKNOWLEDGEMENT iii

ABSTRACT iv

TABLE OF CONTENTS v

LIST OF FIGURES viii


SECTION ONE

INTRODUCTION 1

History and Description of Moringa Oleifera Plant 1

Aims and Objectives of the Study 5

Justification of the Study 5

SECTION TWO

CULTIVATION AND HARVEST OF MORINGA OLEIFERA PLANT 6

2.1 Methods of Cultivation of Moringa Oleifera Plants in Nigeria 6

2.2 Climatic and Soil Conditions Favourable for the Growth of Moringa Oleifera Plant in Nigeria 

7

2.3 Spacing Requirement for the Cultivation of Moringa Oleifera Plant 8

2.4 Fertilizer Application to Enhance Productivity of Moringa Oleifera Plant 8

2.5 Pinching of Terminal Tips and Harvesting of Moringa Oleifera Plant 9


SECTION THREE

PROCESSING AND PRESERVATION METHODS OF MORINGA OLEIFERA LEAVES AND SEEDS 11

3.1 Processing Methods that Preserves the Nutritional Value of the Moringa Oleifera Leaves 11

3.1.1 Sorting and Washing of Moringa Oleifera Leaves 11

3.1.2 Drying of Moringa Oleifera Leaves 11

3.1.3 Milling of Moringa Oleifera Leaves and Bagging 12

3.2 Preservation Methods of Moringa Oleifera Seeds 12

SECTION FOUR

THERAPEUTIC VALUES OF MORINGA OLEIFERA PLANT 13

4.1 Nutritional Profile of a Moringa Oleifera Plant 13

4.2 Medicinal Properties of an Underutilized Moringa Oleifera Plant 15

4.2.1 Medicinal Applications of Moringa Oleifera Plants 16

4.2.2 Potential Moringa Oleifera Side Effects and Concerns 19

4.3 Commercial Utilization of Moringa Oleifera Plant 20

4.3.1 Human Consumption of Moringa Oleifera Leaves 20

4.3.2 Moringa Oleifera Leaves as Plant Growth Enhancers 21

4.3.3 Industrial Uses of Moringa Oleifera Oil Derived from the Seeds 21

4.3.4 Environmental Uses of Moringa Oleifera Seeds 22


SECTION FIVE

CONCLUSION AND RECOMMENDATIONS 24

5.1 Conclusion 24

5.2 Recommendations 24

REFERENCES 25



LIST OF FIGURES

FIGURE TITLE       PAGE

1.1 A Stock of Moringa oleifera Leaves    3

1.2 Dried Moringa oleifera Pods    3

1.3 Dried Moringa Seeds    4

4.1 Moringa oleifera Leaves Fact   14

4.2 Health Benefits of Moringa   16





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APA

Joy, O (2019). Mornings Oleifera: A Review of an Underutilized Plant with Therapeutic Values in Nigeria. Afribary.com: Retrieved March 25, 2019, from https://afribary.com/works/mornings-oleifera-a-review-of-an-underutilized-plant-with-therapeutic-values-in-nigeria

MLA 8th

Obakpolor, Joy. "Mornings Oleifera: A Review of an Underutilized Plant with Therapeutic Values in Nigeria" Afribary.com. Afribary.com, 08 Mar. 2019, https://afribary.com/works/mornings-oleifera-a-review-of-an-underutilized-plant-with-therapeutic-values-in-nigeria . Accessed 25 Mar. 2019.

MLA7

Obakpolor, Joy. "Mornings Oleifera: A Review of an Underutilized Plant with Therapeutic Values in Nigeria". Afribary.com, Afribary.com, 08 Mar. 2019. Web. 25 Mar. 2019. < https://afribary.com/works/mornings-oleifera-a-review-of-an-underutilized-plant-with-therapeutic-values-in-nigeria >.

Chicago

Obakpolor, Joy. "Mornings Oleifera: A Review of an Underutilized Plant with Therapeutic Values in Nigeria" Afribary.com (2019). Accessed March 25, 2019. https://afribary.com/works/mornings-oleifera-a-review-of-an-underutilized-plant-with-therapeutic-values-in-nigeria