Old and new association of Cotesia icipe (Hymenoptera: Braconidae) with alien invasive and native Spodoptera species and key stemborer species: implication for their management

Abstract:

BACKGROUND Maize production in Africa is hindered by a myriad of biotic challenges, key among them being invasive and native lepidopteran stemborers. Recent invasion of the continent by fall armyworm, Spodoptera frugiperda, has further exacerbated the situation. Fortunately, Cotesia icipe was found to be very promising against S. frugiperda. However, the co-occurrence and interaction between S. frugiperda and the stemborers (Busseola fusca, Sesamia calamistis, and Chilo partellus) in maize agroecosystem may jeopardize the efficiency of C. icipe as a biocontrol agent of S. frugiperda. This study investigated the performance of C. icipe on S. frugiperda, Spodoptera littoralis and the stemborers. Specifically, the preference and acceptability of C. icipe to the host insects, the physiological suitability of the hosts for its development, and the effect of these hosts on the fitness parameters of the offspring were assessed. RESULTS Cotesia icipe accepted all the tested hosts, albeit with higher preference for Spodoptera species than for stemborers under multiple-choice tests. Also, the highest parasitism of up to 97% was recorded on S. frugiperda compared with parasitism on the stemborers of 43% in B. fusca. Moreover, physiological suitability and fitness traits (except for per cent female offspring) varied with host species, again being optimal on Spodoptera species
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APA

Francis, O (2024). Old and new association of Cotesia icipe (Hymenoptera: Braconidae) with alien invasive and native Spodoptera species and key stemborer species: implication for their management. Afribary. Retrieved from https://afribary.com/works/old-and-new-association-of-cotesia-icipe-hymenoptera-braconidae-with-alien-invasive-and-native-spodoptera-species-and-key-stemborer-species-implication-for-their-management

MLA 8th

Francis, Obala "Old and new association of Cotesia icipe (Hymenoptera: Braconidae) with alien invasive and native Spodoptera species and key stemborer species: implication for their management" Afribary. Afribary, 10 Mar. 2024, https://afribary.com/works/old-and-new-association-of-cotesia-icipe-hymenoptera-braconidae-with-alien-invasive-and-native-spodoptera-species-and-key-stemborer-species-implication-for-their-management. Accessed 30 May. 2024.

MLA7

Francis, Obala . "Old and new association of Cotesia icipe (Hymenoptera: Braconidae) with alien invasive and native Spodoptera species and key stemborer species: implication for their management". Afribary, Afribary, 10 Mar. 2024. Web. 30 May. 2024. < https://afribary.com/works/old-and-new-association-of-cotesia-icipe-hymenoptera-braconidae-with-alien-invasive-and-native-spodoptera-species-and-key-stemborer-species-implication-for-their-management >.

Chicago

Francis, Obala . "Old and new association of Cotesia icipe (Hymenoptera: Braconidae) with alien invasive and native Spodoptera species and key stemborer species: implication for their management" Afribary (2024). Accessed May 30, 2024. https://afribary.com/works/old-and-new-association-of-cotesia-icipe-hymenoptera-braconidae-with-alien-invasive-and-native-spodoptera-species-and-key-stemborer-species-implication-for-their-management