Town Unions (TUs) exist for identifying and resolving communal problems among
others in Anambra State. Ironically, many of them are conflict infested. Although
many studies have been conducted on conflict, none specifically focused on the nature
of social conflict facing TUs in Anambra State. This study therefore investigated the
sources, effects and resolution methods of TU conflicts in Anambra State.
Marxian theory of social conflict and Ted Gurr‟s theory of Relative Deprivation were
used as theoretical framework. The study adopted a cross- sectional survey design.
Nri was selected through simple random sampling method from a list of 5
communities with two TUs in the state where one should exist. Likewise, Isiagu was
selected from a list of 12 communities with care-taker committees. Amansea was
selected purposively from list of 160 communities with functional TUs as the study
locations. A semi-structured questionnaire was used to collect quantitative data from
516 respondents. The sample frame was the list of TU members as held by ward
leaders in the towns. Participants were selected as follows (Nri-128; Isiagu-204 and
Amansea-184) using simple random sampling method. Whereas 12 in-depth
interviews were conducted on members of vigilante (6), victims of TU conflicts (6),
23 key informants interview were conducted on traditional ruler`s representatives
(6), ward leaders (15) and government officials (2) to obtain qualitative data for the
study. The quantitative data collected were analysed using descriptive statistics,
multiple regression, Chi-square test at 0.05 level of significance. Qualitative data were
Respondent`s age was 45.3±12.8 years and 65.7% of them were males. Leadership
struggle was found to be a significant source of TU conflict in Isiagu (85.1%) but was
not in Nri (55.4%) and Amansea (73.2%). Qualitative data attributed the struggle to
the absence of a serving monarch in the town. This was not a significant source of TU
conflict in Nri and Amansea where serving monarchs existed. Again conflict in Isiagu
and Nri arose because identity of some indigenes were politicised. Also, in Isiagu
(75.6%), Nri (53.3%) and Amansea (35.9%) of respondents saw State Governments`
financial assistance as a source of TU conflict. Qualitative data showed most of the
money could be misappropriated by community leaders. In Isiagu (81.0%), Nri
(39.0%) and Amansea (35.5%) of respondents saw lack of accountability of TU
monies as an internal source of TU conflict. The use of mediators (r = 0.3), elders and
traditional rulers (r=0.3), were mostly preferred methods of conflict resolution in the
three communities. Conversely, the use of TU constitution (r =0.2), invitation of the
police (r =0.2) were not preferred.
Leadership struggles and financial assistance foster Town Unions conflict more in
towns with caretaker committees in Anambra State. Communities without a serving
monarch should be encouraged to have one; since the institution enhances Town
Union`s peace. Moreover, culturally approved penal sanctions should be used in the
discipline of erring Town Union officials.
CDR, C (2021). Perception Of Sources, Effects And Resolution Methods Of Conflicts In Town Unions Of Anambra State, Nigeria.. Afribary.com: Retrieved April 14, 2021, from https://afribary.com/works/perception-of-sources-effects-and-resolution-methods-of-conflicts-in-town-unions-of-anambra-state-nigeria
Coalition, CDR. "Perception Of Sources, Effects And Resolution Methods Of Conflicts In Town Unions Of Anambra State, Nigeria." Afribary.com. Afribary.com, 03 Apr. 2021, https://afribary.com/works/perception-of-sources-effects-and-resolution-methods-of-conflicts-in-town-unions-of-anambra-state-nigeria . Accessed 14 Apr. 2021.
Coalition, CDR. "Perception Of Sources, Effects And Resolution Methods Of Conflicts In Town Unions Of Anambra State, Nigeria.". Afribary.com, Afribary.com, 03 Apr. 2021. Web. 14 Apr. 2021. < https://afribary.com/works/perception-of-sources-effects-and-resolution-methods-of-conflicts-in-town-unions-of-anambra-state-nigeria >.
Coalition, CDR. "Perception Of Sources, Effects And Resolution Methods Of Conflicts In Town Unions Of Anambra State, Nigeria." Afribary.com (2021). Accessed April 14, 2021. https://afribary.com/works/perception-of-sources-effects-and-resolution-methods-of-conflicts-in-town-unions-of-anambra-state-nigeria