Plant nutrient quality impacts survival and reproductive fitness of the dengue vector Aedes aegypti

Abstract:

Background: In a recent study using DNA barcoding, we identifed the plants fed upon by four Afro-tropical mos quito species that vector dengue, malaria, and Rift Valley fever. Herein, we have expanded on this study by investi gating the role of three of the plants, Pithecellobium dulce (Fabaceae), Leonotis nepetifolia (Lamiaceae), and Opuntia fcus-indica (Cactaceae), on the survival, fecundity, and egg viability of the dengue vector Aedes aegypti. Methods: We tested these efects using females that received (i) an initial three rations of blood meals and (ii) no blood meal at all. Two controls were included: age-matched females fed on glucose solution with or without an initial blood meal and those fed exclusively on blood meals. Data were collected daily over a 30-day period. The amino acid contents of Ae. aegypti guts and their respective diets were detected by coupled liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry. Results: Females fed on P. dulce and an exclusively blood meal diet had a shorter survival than those fed on glucose. On the other hand, females fed on L. nepetifolia survived longer than those fed exclusively on blood meals, whereas those fed on O. fcus-indica had the shortest survival time. With an initial blood meal, females fed on L. nepetifolia laid 1.6-fold more eggs while those fed on the other diets laid fewer eggs compared to those fed exclusively on blood meals. Hatching rates of the eggs laid varied with the diet. Mass spectroscopic analysis of gut contents of mosquitoes exposed to the diferent diets showed qualitative and quantitative diferences in their amino acid levels. Conclusion: Our fndings highlight the central role of plant nutrients in the reproductive ftness of dengue vectors, which may impact their disease transmission potential.
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APA

Nyasembe, V (2024). Plant nutrient quality impacts survival and reproductive fitness of the dengue vector Aedes aegypti. Afribary. Retrieved from https://afribary.com/works/plant-nutrient-quality-impacts-survival-and-reproductive-fitness-of-the-dengue-vector-aedes-aegypti

MLA 8th

Nyasembe, Vincent "Plant nutrient quality impacts survival and reproductive fitness of the dengue vector Aedes aegypti" Afribary. Afribary, 10 Mar. 2024, https://afribary.com/works/plant-nutrient-quality-impacts-survival-and-reproductive-fitness-of-the-dengue-vector-aedes-aegypti. Accessed 25 May. 2024.

MLA7

Nyasembe, Vincent . "Plant nutrient quality impacts survival and reproductive fitness of the dengue vector Aedes aegypti". Afribary, Afribary, 10 Mar. 2024. Web. 25 May. 2024. < https://afribary.com/works/plant-nutrient-quality-impacts-survival-and-reproductive-fitness-of-the-dengue-vector-aedes-aegypti >.

Chicago

Nyasembe, Vincent . "Plant nutrient quality impacts survival and reproductive fitness of the dengue vector Aedes aegypti" Afribary (2024). Accessed May 25, 2024. https://afribary.com/works/plant-nutrient-quality-impacts-survival-and-reproductive-fitness-of-the-dengue-vector-aedes-aegypti