Possible Alternative Sentencing Of Parent Offenders And The Impact On The Criminal Justice Of Uganda - Case Study Of Kigo Prisons

ABSTRACT

The study is an exploratory design which sought to analyze the impact of parental

imprisonment on children; finding out how alternative sentencing orders can be carried in

substitution to the imprisonment of parents and the impact of alternative sentencing on

criminal justice and suggesting possible recommendations for a new course of action that

will draw attention to the improvement of the position of the children whose parents have

been incarcerated.

The study was relied on qualitative methods of data collection and analysis and data was

gathered from Kigo Prisons, from Wardens, and inmates, including parent offenders. The

study also relied on secondary data upon which information related to the specific aims of

the study was reviewed from prison records, and concerned organizations such as Human

Rights Commission, Police among others as well as from libraries of the Law

Development Center. Kampala International University, and Mukono Christianity

University.

The research concluded that;

The criminal justice system has traditionally focused on the offender, his or her victims

and the public safety of the community, ignoring the vast and growing number of other

victims, the children. Children whose parents are imprisoned have been of less concern to

the majority of the population, the criminal justice system and to policymakers in

Uganda. Yet the children whose parents have been incarcerated are challenged by family

instabilities, limited access to education, medical care, and other forms of protection. The

children are vulnerable to a multiplex of negative dispositions that can lead to absent

positive intervention, to school failure, delinquency and intergenerational incarceration.

On the other hand, the personal and social costs are also high in other words the children

are left helpless. There is need for implementation of a major public education campaign

that makes the issue of children with incarcerated parents 'everyone's issue.' In

conjunction with this, encouraging alternative sentences focused on policy and system

reform opportunities. Community service programme in Uganda and other non-custodial

measures like fine, probation and suspended sentences should be implemented.

Otherwise, community service alone may not have the much-needed impact. A broader

picture of a host of advantages presented such as reduction of prison overcrowding and

savings on government expenditures should motivate the judiciary to apply the measures.

There is a framework of child caring institutions in Uganda. Efforts of organizations like

Wells of Hope Mi:'l)istries and Prison Fellowship Uganda should be lauded because their

work is indicative of the fact that there is a wave of growing concern about children and

families with imprisoned parents. This shows a need for further concern to develop

programs that raise awareness and help in training stakeholders who interact with

children and families with incarcerated parents, such as police, prisons, juvenile justice

and child welfare to build public will to address issues affecting children with

incarcerated parents. The judiciary while presented with an opportunity before arbitrarily

sentencing offenders to imprisonment, to inquire about whether the person about to be

incarcerated has if family totally dependant on him or not in order to allow for

considerations of the best interest of the child.

It can be concluded that, community service is an alternative to imprisonment whose use

should widely be encouraged for children to remain under the care of their parents and to

reduce on the overcrowdedness of prisons. The study recommended that; need for raising

awareness on discretion in sentencing of parent offenders; policy development into the

inquiry of information of prisoners; introduce community service throughout the country;

promoting research mechanisms to widen statistical base and sensitize community on

addressing children's needs.

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APA

MONICA, A (2021). Possible Alternative Sentencing Of Parent Offenders And The Impact On The Criminal Justice Of Uganda - Case Study Of Kigo Prisons. Afribary. Retrieved from https://afribary.com/works/possible-alternative-sentencing-of-parent-offenders-and-the-impact-on-the-criminal-justice-of-uganda-case-study-of-kigo-prisons

MLA 8th

MONICA, AKELLO "Possible Alternative Sentencing Of Parent Offenders And The Impact On The Criminal Justice Of Uganda - Case Study Of Kigo Prisons" Afribary. Afribary, 03 Jun. 2021, https://afribary.com/works/possible-alternative-sentencing-of-parent-offenders-and-the-impact-on-the-criminal-justice-of-uganda-case-study-of-kigo-prisons. Accessed 21 May. 2024.

MLA7

MONICA, AKELLO . "Possible Alternative Sentencing Of Parent Offenders And The Impact On The Criminal Justice Of Uganda - Case Study Of Kigo Prisons". Afribary, Afribary, 03 Jun. 2021. Web. 21 May. 2024. < https://afribary.com/works/possible-alternative-sentencing-of-parent-offenders-and-the-impact-on-the-criminal-justice-of-uganda-case-study-of-kigo-prisons >.

Chicago

MONICA, AKELLO . "Possible Alternative Sentencing Of Parent Offenders And The Impact On The Criminal Justice Of Uganda - Case Study Of Kigo Prisons" Afribary (2021). Accessed May 21, 2024. https://afribary.com/works/possible-alternative-sentencing-of-parent-offenders-and-the-impact-on-the-criminal-justice-of-uganda-case-study-of-kigo-prisons

Document Details
AKELLO PHIONA MONICA Field: Law Type: Thesis 73 PAGES (23182 WORDS) (pdf)