Re-Analysis of Abdominal Gland Volatilome Secretions of the African Weaver Ant, Oecophylla longinoda (Hymenoptera: Formicidae)

Abstract:

The African weaver ant, Oecophylla longinoda, is used as a biological control agent for the management of pests. The ant has several exocrine glands in the abdomen, including Dufour’s, poison, rectal, and sternal glands, which are associated with pheromone secretions for intra-specific communication. Previous studies have analyzed the gland secretions of Dufour’s and poison glands. The chemistry of the rectal and sternal glands is unknown. We re-analyzed the secretions from Dufour’s and poison glands plus the rectal and sternal glands to compare their chemistries and identify additional components. We used the solid-phase microextraction (SPME) technique to collect gland headspace volatiles and solvent extraction for the secretions. Coupled gas chromatography–mass spectrometry (GC-MS) analysis detected a total of 78 components, of which 62 were being reported for the first time. These additional components included 32 hydrocarbons, 12 carboxylic acids, 5 aldehydes, 3 alcohols, 2 ketones, 4 terpenes, 3 sterols, and 1 benzenoid. The chemistry of Dufour’s and poison glands showed a strong overlap and was distinct from that of the rectal and sternal glands. The different gland mixtures may contribute to the different physiological and behavioral functions in this ant species
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APA

Mekonnen., B , Mekonnen., B & Mekonnen., B (2024). Re-Analysis of Abdominal Gland Volatilome Secretions of the African Weaver Ant, Oecophylla longinoda (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Afribary. Retrieved from https://afribary.com/works/re-analysis-of-abdominal-gland-volatilome-secretions-of-the-african-weaver-ant-oecophylla-longinoda-hymenoptera-formicidae

MLA 8th

Mekonnen., Bethelihem et. al. "Re-Analysis of Abdominal Gland Volatilome Secretions of the African Weaver Ant, Oecophylla longinoda (Hymenoptera: Formicidae)" Afribary. Afribary, 10 Mar. 2024, https://afribary.com/works/re-analysis-of-abdominal-gland-volatilome-secretions-of-the-african-weaver-ant-oecophylla-longinoda-hymenoptera-formicidae. Accessed 26 May. 2024.

MLA7

Mekonnen., Bethelihem, Bethelihem Mekonnen. and Bethelihem Mekonnen. . "Re-Analysis of Abdominal Gland Volatilome Secretions of the African Weaver Ant, Oecophylla longinoda (Hymenoptera: Formicidae)". Afribary, Afribary, 10 Mar. 2024. Web. 26 May. 2024. < https://afribary.com/works/re-analysis-of-abdominal-gland-volatilome-secretions-of-the-african-weaver-ant-oecophylla-longinoda-hymenoptera-formicidae >.

Chicago

Mekonnen., Bethelihem , Mekonnen., Bethelihem and Mekonnen., Bethelihem . "Re-Analysis of Abdominal Gland Volatilome Secretions of the African Weaver Ant, Oecophylla longinoda (Hymenoptera: Formicidae)" Afribary (2024). Accessed May 26, 2024. https://afribary.com/works/re-analysis-of-abdominal-gland-volatilome-secretions-of-the-african-weaver-ant-oecophylla-longinoda-hymenoptera-formicidae