Relationship Between Cerebral Palsy and Academic Performance of Learners in Special Schools of Abogeta Division Imenti South District, Eastern Province Kenya

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TABLE OF CONTENTS

DECLARATION .................................................................................................................... i

APPROVAL .......................................................................................................................... ii

DEDICATION .................................................................................................................... iii

ACKNOWLEDGEMENT ..................................................................................................... iv

TABLE OF CONTENTS ...................................................................................................... v

LIST OF TABLES ............................................................................................................. viii

ABSTRACT ......................................................................................................................... ix

DEFINffiON OF TERMS.""" ... " ... "'".""." .. "." ... "."." ... " ...... ""."" ... ".""'" .. "."." .. "." ... X

ABBREVIATIONS .............................................................................................................. xi

CHAPTER ONE ................................................................................................................ I

INTRODUCTION ............................................................................................................ I

1. 0 Background of the Study ..................................................................................... 1

1.i Statement of the Problem: .................................................................................. 3

1.3 Purpose of the study ............................................................................................ 4

1.4 Objectives of the study ........................................................................................ 4

1.5 Research question ................................................................................................ 5

1. 6 Scope of the study ................................................................................................ 5

1.7 Significance of the study: .................................................................................... 5

CHAPTER TWO ............................................................................................................... 7

REVIEW OF THE RELATED LITERATURE .............................................................. 7

2.0 Introduction ........................................................................................................... 7

2.1 Conceptual frame work ............................................................................................. 8

2.2 Learners with cerebral palsy ............................................................................... 9

2.2.1 Definition ............................................................................................................ 9

2.2.2 Identification of learners with cerebral palsy ............................................. 10

2.3 Causes of cerebral palsy .................................................................................... 10

v

2.3.1 Pre-natal causes of cerebral palsy ............................................................... 1 o

2.3.2 Perinatal causes of cerebral palsy ................................................................ 12

2.3.3 Post natal causes of cerebral palsy .............................................................. 14

2.4 Categories of cerebral palsy .............................................................................. 15

2.5 Factors interfering with the education of learners with cerebral palsy ...... 16

2.5.1 Restrictive environment ................................................................................. 17

2.5.2 Negative attitude ............................................................................................ 18

2.5 .3 Lack of parental I community involvement ................................................ 19

2.5.4 Insufficient human resource ......................................................................... 21

2.5 .5 Inappropriate curriculum ............................................................................... 22

2.5.6 Inappropriate teaching expectation ............................................................. 23

2.5.7 Rigid educational approaches ....................................................................... 24

2.5.8 Poverty ............................................................................................................. 24

2.5.8 The effects of cerebral palsy on academic performance .......................... 25

2.6 Management of children with cerebral palsy .................................................. 28

CHAPTER THREE ......................................................................................................... 34

RESEARCH METHODOLOGY .................................................................................... 34

3.0 Introduction ......................................................................................................... 34

3.1 Research Design ................................................................................................. 34

3.2 Target population ............................................................................................... 34

3.3 Sampling Techniques ......................................................................................... 34

3.4 Research Instruments ........................................................................................ 35

3.5 Research Procedure ........................................................................................... 35

3.6 Data Analysis ....................................................................................................... 35

CHAPTER FOUR ........................................................................................................... 36

DATA PRESENTATION AND ANALYSIS ............................................................... 36

4.0 Introduction ......................................................................................................... 36

4.1 Background Information .................................................................................... 36

VI

4.1.1 Marital status ................................................................................................... 37

4.1.2 Qualification of teachers ................................................................................ 38

4.1.3 Age of respondents ........................................................................................ 38

4.1.4 Teaching Experience of special needs teachers ....................................... 39

4.2 Causes and effects of cerebral palsy in children ............................................ 39

4.2.1 Causes of cerebral palsy ................................................................................ 40

4.2.1 Categories of cerebral palsy on children ..................................................... 41

4.2.2 The most prevent form of cerebral palsy in Abogeta special schools .... 42

4.3 Factors interfering with the teaching and learning of children with cerebral

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4.3.1 Training of teachers ....................................................................................... 43

4.3.2 The least restrictive environment as a factor for the teaching and

learning of children with cerebral palsy ...................................................................... 43

4.3.3 The curriculum as a factor for effective teaching and learning of children

with cerebral palsy ......................................................................................................... 45

4.3.4 Parental and community involvement ......................................................... 46

4.4 Ways of managing learners with cerebral palsy ............................................ 47

4.4.1 Early childhood intervention for cerebral palsy .......................................... 47

4.4.2 Services provided in school to cerebral palsy children ............................. 47

4.4.3 Provision of educational assessment ........................................................... 48

4.4.4 Management of learners with cerebral palsy in classrooms .................... 49

CHAPTER FIVE ............................................................................................................. 51

SUMMARY OF FINDINGS, CONCLUSION AND RECOMENDETION ............ 51

5.0 Introduction ......................................................................................................... 51

5.1 Summary of findings and discussion ............................................................... 51

5.2 Conclusion ............................................................................................................ 55

5.3 Recommendations .............................................................................................. 55

BIBLIOGRAPHY ............................................................................................................... 58

ABSTRACT In an attempt to investigate on the problem, the researcher identified Abogeta Division, Imenti South Eastern province form which special schools were selected as the research environment. The study was guided by research objectives which included establishing the effects of cerebral palsy in academic performance; to find out factors interfering with the teaching and learning of learners with cerebral palsy, assess the causes of cerebral palsy, establish the categories of cerebral palsy, establish the categories of cerebral palsy and management of learners with cerebral palsy in special schools. To gather more information on the issue, related literature was reviewed on areas such as effects of cerebral palsy on academic performance, factors interfering with the teaching and learning of learners with cerebral palsy and management procedures. Primary and secondary literature sources were used. In data collection, survey was adopted as the research design. This was used because a large group of despondence was targeted. Questionnaires were then developed, tested for validity, reliability. They were dispatched to the respondents who gave their views by answering the question items. The data collected were analysed and presented quantitatively in form of tables, figures and graphs. Other data were presented qualitatively in descriptive form. The main findings included inadequate teaching and learning materials, inappropriate curriculum, insufficient human resource among many others. It was established that inadequate provision of services provided by service providers impact greatly in the education of learners with cerebral palsy. In order to intervene for the above issues the researcher made more recommendation valuable to service providers and relevant stake holders involved with the cerebral palsy. The recommendations were also made.

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APA

KIMATH, G (2022). Relationship Between Cerebral Palsy and Academic Performance of Learners in Special Schools of Abogeta Division Imenti South District, Eastern Province Kenya. Afribary. Retrieved from https://afribary.com/works/relationship-between-cerebral-palsy-and-academic-performance-of-learners-in-special-schools-of-abogeta-division-imenti-south-district-eastern-province-kenya

MLA 8th

KIMATH, GITONGA "Relationship Between Cerebral Palsy and Academic Performance of Learners in Special Schools of Abogeta Division Imenti South District, Eastern Province Kenya" Afribary. Afribary, 20 Aug. 2022, https://afribary.com/works/relationship-between-cerebral-palsy-and-academic-performance-of-learners-in-special-schools-of-abogeta-division-imenti-south-district-eastern-province-kenya. Accessed 08 Feb. 2023.

MLA7

KIMATH, GITONGA . "Relationship Between Cerebral Palsy and Academic Performance of Learners in Special Schools of Abogeta Division Imenti South District, Eastern Province Kenya". Afribary, Afribary, 20 Aug. 2022. Web. 08 Feb. 2023. < https://afribary.com/works/relationship-between-cerebral-palsy-and-academic-performance-of-learners-in-special-schools-of-abogeta-division-imenti-south-district-eastern-province-kenya >.

Chicago

KIMATH, GITONGA . "Relationship Between Cerebral Palsy and Academic Performance of Learners in Special Schools of Abogeta Division Imenti South District, Eastern Province Kenya" Afribary (2022). Accessed February 08, 2023. https://afribary.com/works/relationship-between-cerebral-palsy-and-academic-performance-of-learners-in-special-schools-of-abogeta-division-imenti-south-district-eastern-province-kenya