The purpose of this study was to identify the causes and effects of
stigmatisation on HIV and AIDS patients in the Central Region of Ghana. Some
theoretical perspectives have been used to explain stigmatisation. They were the
attribution theory and the exchange theory. These theories were found to be
suitable for the explanation of stigmatisation in HIV and AIDS.
In conducting the study, a sample size of 120 was used in addition to 5
case studies. Two non-probability sampling techniques were used. Purposive and
convenient/accidental sampling techniques were used. Both primary data and
secondary information were used. Interview guides and case studies were used for
The findings of the study included the fact that most people stigmatised
people living with HIV and AIDS because of the correct and incorrect knowledge
they have about HIV and its mode of transmission. Again, people stigmatised
HIV and AIDS patients because of the myths surrounding AIDS and also, based
on their socio-cultural background and orientation about its mode of transmission.
These stigmatising and discriminatory behaviours from people towards People
Living withHIV and AIDS have serious health, social and psychological effects
on patients in particular and the society at large.
Based on the results of the study it was recommended that to reduce
stigmatisation there should be an intensification of education of people about
AIDS through the media to reduce the rate of misconception and fear among
KOKA, E (2021). SOCIAL DEATH: THE CASE OF HIV/AIDS STIGMATISATION IN THE CENTRAL REGIONAL HOSPITAL OF GHANA. Afribary. Retrieved from https://afribary.com/works/social-death-the-case-of-hiv-aids-stigmatisation-in-the-central-regional-hospital-of-ghana
KOKA, ERIC "SOCIAL DEATH: THE CASE OF HIV/AIDS STIGMATISATION IN THE CENTRAL REGIONAL HOSPITAL OF GHANA" Afribary. Afribary, 19 Mar. 2021, https://afribary.com/works/social-death-the-case-of-hiv-aids-stigmatisation-in-the-central-regional-hospital-of-ghana. Accessed 24 Jan. 2022.
KOKA, ERIC . "SOCIAL DEATH: THE CASE OF HIV/AIDS STIGMATISATION IN THE CENTRAL REGIONAL HOSPITAL OF GHANA". Afribary, Afribary, 19 Mar. 2021. Web. 24 Jan. 2022. < https://afribary.com/works/social-death-the-case-of-hiv-aids-stigmatisation-in-the-central-regional-hospital-of-ghana >.
KOKA, ERIC . "SOCIAL DEATH: THE CASE OF HIV/AIDS STIGMATISATION IN THE CENTRAL REGIONAL HOSPITAL OF GHANA" Afribary (2021). Accessed January 24, 2022. https://afribary.com/works/social-death-the-case-of-hiv-aids-stigmatisation-in-the-central-regional-hospital-of-ghana