This study examines the socio-cultural factors associated with the non-use of maternal
health care services in Nigeria. In addition, to assess the perception women on health care
utilisation during pregnancy and childbirth in Nigeria. Maternal health is one of the major
concerns of the global health community. Pregnancy related mortality is avoidable if preventive
measures are tal,en and adequate care is available. The study was carried out as a result of the
high rate of maternal death despite the available maternal health care facilities in Nigeria. Three
objectives were considered which were to: examine the level of non-use of maternal health care
service (ANC & PNC) in Nigeria, to examine the socio cultural factors influencing the non-use
of maternal health care services (ANC & PNC) in Nigeria and how women perceive health care
utilization during pregnancy and child birth in Nigeria. The study adopted both quantitative and
qualitative research method. The quantitative data was extracted from 2013 Nigeria
Demographic and Health Survey (NDHS) and data were analysed at four levels using STATA.
In-depth interview was adopted to generate qualitative data from women age 15-49 who had at
least a child studies were analysed. The descriptive variables includes ethnicity, female
autonomy, religion, age, level of education, marital status, age at first birth and number of
children ever born. The study revealed that majority of the respondents was Hausa 34.33%, Igbo
(14.41%) and Yoruba (14.15%). Decision about family health care is usually made by the
husband in whom 35.42% of women do influence decision their family health care while 64.58%
of respondents participate on decision about family health care. Also, 46.82% are Christian,
52.23% practice Islamic religion while 0.95% is traditionalists. In addition, 37.98% had no
education while 17.22% and 35.69% had primary and secondary education respectively. The
study revealed that 71.08% are married, 24.33% are single and 4.58% are either separated or
divorced. Furthermore, the socio-cultural variables such as ethnicity, female autonomy and
religion have strong relationship (x2=0.000) with the non-use of antenatal maternal health care.
Therefore this study concluded that socio-cultural factors such as ethnicity, female autonomy and
religion has great impact on improving maternal health and increasing negative health conditions
of maternal morbidity and mortality. However, it is recommended that government should
address many commonly held attitudes and behaviours, like gender roles and other cultural
beliefs that are inimical to health are cultural issues, which can be achieved through communitybased
programmes. Health promotion and advancement education as a primary prevention
approach will create opportunity for easier communication, dealing with the dynamics of
knowledge, power and decision making process in the family, as part of the effort to ensuring good health during pregnancy.
OLATUNJI, M (2021). Socio-Cultural Factors Influencing The Non-Use Of Maternal Health Services In Nigeria. Afribary. Retrieved from https://afribary.com/works/socio-cultural-factors-influencing-the-non-use-of-maternal-health-services-in-nigeria
OLATUNJI, Mosunmola "Socio-Cultural Factors Influencing The Non-Use Of Maternal Health Services In Nigeria" Afribary. Afribary, 20 May. 2021, https://afribary.com/works/socio-cultural-factors-influencing-the-non-use-of-maternal-health-services-in-nigeria. Accessed 21 Mar. 2023.
OLATUNJI, Mosunmola . "Socio-Cultural Factors Influencing The Non-Use Of Maternal Health Services In Nigeria". Afribary, Afribary, 20 May. 2021. Web. 21 Mar. 2023. < https://afribary.com/works/socio-cultural-factors-influencing-the-non-use-of-maternal-health-services-in-nigeria >.
OLATUNJI, Mosunmola . "Socio-Cultural Factors Influencing The Non-Use Of Maternal Health Services In Nigeria" Afribary (2021). Accessed March 21, 2023. https://afribary.com/works/socio-cultural-factors-influencing-the-non-use-of-maternal-health-services-in-nigeria