STATISTICAL ANALYSIS ON STILL-BIRTH AND LIVE BIRTH-RATE

Subscribe to access this work and thousands more

ABSTRACT

Stillbirth remains a public health problem with an estimate of 2.6 million stillbirths in 2015 of which 98% occurred in low- and middle-income countries and over three-quarters of these occurring in Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) and south Asia. Further, only ten countries carry the burden of over 65% of total stillbirths in the world including Nigeria in the second position. The objective of this analysis is to estimate stillbirth rates and identify the determinants of stillbirth in Hajiya Gambo Sawaba General Hospital Kofan Gaya, Zaria from 2008 - 2017. The study utilized the Hajiya Gambo Sawaba General Hospital Kofan Gaya, Zaria sample of women of reproductive age from 2008 – 2017. Analysis was restricted to women aged 15 - 49 years who had a pregnancy reaching at least seven months of gestation in the five-year period prior to the survey. Descriptive statistics and regression analysis were performed using Stata v13 to determine significant factors related to stillbirth. Incidence Risk Ratio (IRR) was used to assess strength of association between independent and dependent variables. Results: Overall stillbirth rate is 12.5 per 1000 pregnancies, with rates as high as 22 per 1000 (among women aged 15 - 19 years) and as low as 6.4 per 1000 (among women who received skilled ANC). Age, household wealth, higher birth order, facility delivery, Caesarean delivery, rural residence and ever use of contraceptive are consistent determinants of stillbirth in both the bivariate and multivariate models. Women in rich households have lower IRR of stillbirth (0.60; 95% CI: 0.45 - 0.59) as well as women who had ever used modern contraception (IRR = 0.72; 95% CI: 0.63 - 0.81). However, health facility deliveries as well as deliveries through a C-section, rural residence and age older than 20 years all carry increased risk of stillbirth. There is urgent need by the National, State and Local government to improve quality of maternal health care services and interventions to improve utilization and quality of prenatal care.

TABLE OF CONTENT


Title page ------------------------------------------------------------------- i


Certification page -----------------------------------------------------------ii


Declaration ------------------------------------------------------------------ iii


Dedication ------------------------------------------------------------------- iv


Acknowledgement ---------------------------------------------------------- v


Abstract ----------------------------------------------------------------------- vii


Table of content ------------------------------------------------------------- viii


CHAPTER ONE


1.0            Background of the study ----------------------------------------------  1


1.1            Introduction -------------------------------------------------------------- 1


1.2            Scope and limitation ---------------------------------------------------- 8


1.3            Objective of the study -------------------------------------------------- 8


1.4            Aims of the study ------------------------------------------------------- 8


1.5            Definition of terms ------------------------------------------------------ 9


CHAPTER TWO


2.0     Literature review and statistical tools ------------------------------- 10


2.1     Introduction -------------------------------------------------------------- 10


2.2     Literature review -------------------------------------------------------- 10


2.3     Statistical Tools ---------------------------------------------------------- 21


CHAPTER THREE


3.0            Methodology--------------------------------------------------------------- 28


3.1            Introduction ---------------------------------------------------------------- 28


3.2            Method of data collection ------------------------------------------------ 28


3.3            Problem encountered ------------------------------------------------------ 31


3.4            Data Presentation ---------------------------------------------------------- 31


CHAPTER FOUR


4.0            Data Analysis ------------------------------------------------------------- 36


CHAPTER FIVE


5.0     Summary, Conclusion and recommendation ----------------------- 40


5.1     Introduction --------------------------------------------------------------- 40


5.2     Summary ------------------------------------------------------------------ 40


5.3     Conclusion ---------------------------------------------------------------- 40


5.4     Recommendation -------------------------------------------------------- 41

          Reference ----------------------------------------------------------------- 42

Subscribe to access this work and thousands more
Save
Need help with your academic research project/paper, technical or creative writing? Hire our expert researchers and writers. Click Here to Submit a Writing Request
Overall Rating

0

5 Star
(0)
4 Star
(0)
3 Star
(0)
2 Star
(0)
1 Star
(0)
APA

Durba, P. & Kantiyok, D (2018). STATISTICAL ANALYSIS ON STILL-BIRTH AND LIVE BIRTH-RATE. Afribary. Retrieved from https://afribary.com/works/statistical-analysis-on-still-birth-and-live-birth-rate

MLA 8th

Durba, Peter, and Dauda Kantiyok "STATISTICAL ANALYSIS ON STILL-BIRTH AND LIVE BIRTH-RATE" Afribary. Afribary, 26 Nov. 2018, https://afribary.com/works/statistical-analysis-on-still-birth-and-live-birth-rate. Accessed 24 May. 2022.

MLA7

Durba, Peter, and Dauda Kantiyok . "STATISTICAL ANALYSIS ON STILL-BIRTH AND LIVE BIRTH-RATE". Afribary, Afribary, 26 Nov. 2018. Web. 24 May. 2022. < https://afribary.com/works/statistical-analysis-on-still-birth-and-live-birth-rate >.

Chicago

Durba, Peter and Kantiyok, Dauda . "STATISTICAL ANALYSIS ON STILL-BIRTH AND LIVE BIRTH-RATE" Afribary (2018). Accessed May 24, 2022. https://afribary.com/works/statistical-analysis-on-still-birth-and-live-birth-rate