Students’ performance in Kenya Certificate of Secondary Education (KCSE)
mathematics in secondary schools has been poor for many years in Kenya,
particularly in Tana River County. Despite the various attempts by the Ministry of
Education to put in place measures such as in-servicing mathematics teachers
through Strengthening of Mathematics and Sciences in Secondary Education
(SMASSE) project, review of the syllabus and subsidizing fees for the students, the
KCSE mathematics mean score has remained consistently poor. This study has
been designed to determine prevailing factors that influence students’ performance
in KCSE mathematics. The study was done in Tana River County, Kenya. A
descriptive survey of ex-post facto design was used as the researcher did not have
direct control of independent variables as their manifestation had already occurred.
Systematic random sampling procedure was used to select students in a population
of 3760 students in all schools in the County. In every school, headteacher, heads
of science/mathematics department, mathematics teacher and form three students’
were targeted for data collection. Data were collected using interview schedules
and questionnaires. The sample of the study comprised of 344 students, 9
headteachers, 9 HoDs and 9 mathematics teachers. Pilot study of instruments were
done by test-retest method and thereafter computed Pearson product-moment
correlation coefficient on test done and cronbach’s alpha on likert scale on
questionnaires to check reliability. Content validity was used to determine validity
of the instruments by the researcher before administering them to the sampled
respondents. Collected data were coded using code book and analyzed both
quantitatively and qualitatively. Qualitative analysis involved making inferences
from the headteachers, HoD mathematics/science, mathematics teachers and
students open-ended questions. Data were analyzed using measure of central
tendency such as mean and mode. The findings were presented using bar graphs,
pie-charts and percentages. The study found that over 70% of the students had
negative attitude towards mathematics, 8 out 9 mathematics teachers had negative
attitude towards teaching mathematics despite teachers being in-serviced through
SMASSE project and 8 out of 9 teachers use expository approach while teaching.
All schools had inadequate resources and 89% of the students cited unsupportive
parents as reasons for poor performance in mathematics. In order to improve
performance the study recommends for guidance and counselling sessions by
HoDs, teachers to use activity-oriented teaching, resource improvisation and
monitoring of students work by teachers and teachers work by HoDs or Headteacher.
Makeo, E (2021). Student and Teacher Perceptions of Factors Influencing Students’ Performance in KCSE Mathematics in Tana River County, Kenya. Afribary. Retrieved from https://afribary.com/works/student-and-teacher-perceptions-of-factors-influencing-students-performance-in-kcse-mathematics-in-tana-river-county-kenya
Makeo, Evans "Student and Teacher Perceptions of Factors Influencing Students’ Performance in KCSE Mathematics in Tana River County, Kenya" Afribary. Afribary, 01 Jun. 2021, https://afribary.com/works/student-and-teacher-perceptions-of-factors-influencing-students-performance-in-kcse-mathematics-in-tana-river-county-kenya. Accessed 21 Mar. 2023.
Makeo, Evans . "Student and Teacher Perceptions of Factors Influencing Students’ Performance in KCSE Mathematics in Tana River County, Kenya". Afribary, Afribary, 01 Jun. 2021. Web. 21 Mar. 2023. < https://afribary.com/works/student-and-teacher-perceptions-of-factors-influencing-students-performance-in-kcse-mathematics-in-tana-river-county-kenya >.
Makeo, Evans . "Student and Teacher Perceptions of Factors Influencing Students’ Performance in KCSE Mathematics in Tana River County, Kenya" Afribary (2021). Accessed March 21, 2023. https://afribary.com/works/student-and-teacher-perceptions-of-factors-influencing-students-performance-in-kcse-mathematics-in-tana-river-county-kenya