STUDIES ON THE HAEMATOLOGICAL CHARACTERISTICS OF CLARIAS GARIEPINUS FROM GUBI DAM, BAUCHI STATE, NIGERIA

Victory Okolo 35 PAGES (6421 WORDS) Project
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ABSTRACTStudies were carried out to determine the haematological characteristics of Clarias gariepinus healthy specimens were obtained from Gubi dam. Blood sample ranging between 1.0-1.5ml were taken with the aid of sterilized syringe (21G) inserted by caudal vein puncture. The haematological parameters for each blood specimen were measured using automated haematological analyzer (sysmex  Kx 21N; 000758 model). Blood biochemical analysis to determine plasma albumin, glucose, protein, sodium, potassium, inorganic phosphorus, were carried out using calometric and spectrophotometric methods. Results obtained reveal that haematologin (HB) for C.gariepinus. Similarly blood biochemical parameters analyzed and corresponding mean values suggest that albumin, protein, urea, glucose, sodium and potassium differed significantly. These findings suggest that haematological characteristics of C.gariepinus measured under stress-free condition could provide a reference standard and baseline in the assessment of physiological response of fish environmental stress and disease condition.

       TABLE OF CONTENTS
CONTENTS                                                                                                  PAGE
Cover page . . . . . i
Title page . . . . . ii
Declaration . . . . . iii
Certification . . . . . iv
Dedication . . . . v
Acknowledgement . . . vi
Table of content . . .     . viii
Abstract . . . . . . xi
CHAPTER ONE
1.0 Introduction . . . . 1
1.1 Statement of problem . . 2
1.2 Justification . . . . 3
1.3 Aims and objectives . . 4

CHAPTER TWO
2.0 LITERATURE REVIEW . . 4
2.1 The significance of Haematological parameter .      4
2.2 Red Blood Cells (Erythrocytes) . . . . . . .       .       6
 2.3 White Blood Cells (Leucocytes) . . . . . . .       7
2.3.1 Lymphocytes . .       7
2.3.2 Thrombocytes . .       7
2.3.3 Monocytes . . .       8
2.4       Haemoglobin . . . 9
2.6       Blood Biochemistry . . 9
2.6.1 Albumin . . .      10
2.6.2 proteins . . . .12
2.7 Biology and Ecology of Clarias gariepinus . . . . .14
CHAPTER THREE
3.0 MATERIALS AND METHOD . . . . . . 16
3.1 Description of study site . . . . . . . 16
3.2 Sample collection . .   16
3.2  Fish samples . . .      16
3.3 Haematological Investigation . . . . . . . 16
3.3.1 Blood sampling . . . . . . . . 16
3.3.2 Haematological Estimation . . . . . . .17
3.3.3 Erythrocyte and Leucocyte count . . . . . .17
3.3.4 Haematocrit Estimation . . . . . . . 18  
3.4 Biochemical Analysis . . . . . . . . 18
CHAPTER FOUR
4.0 RESULTS . . . . . . . . . 19
4.1 Haematologial parameters of Clarias gariepinus . . . . 19
4.2 Blood Biochemical parameters of Clarias gariepinus . . . 21
4.3 Blood plasma Electrolyte concentration of Claris gariepinus . . .       .      .          .       .      .    21

CHAPTER FIVE
5.0 DISCUSSION . . . 22
5.1 Comparative assessment of haematological characteristics of Clarias gariepinus .       .      .   22  
5.2 Comparative evaluation of Blood parameters . . . . .  22 
5.3 Recommendation . .  23
5.4 Conclusion . . . .   23
REFERENCES . . .     . 24

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APA

Victory, O (2018). STUDIES ON THE HAEMATOLOGICAL CHARACTERISTICS OF CLARIAS GARIEPINUS FROM GUBI DAM, BAUCHI STATE, NIGERIA. Afribary.com: Retrieved July 11, 2020, from https://afribary.com/works/studies-on-the-haematological-characteristics-of-clarias-gariepinus-from-gubi-dam-bauchi-state-nigeria

MLA 8th

Okolo, Victory. "STUDIES ON THE HAEMATOLOGICAL CHARACTERISTICS OF CLARIAS GARIEPINUS FROM GUBI DAM, BAUCHI STATE, NIGERIA" Afribary.com. Afribary.com, 26 Mar. 2018, https://afribary.com/works/studies-on-the-haematological-characteristics-of-clarias-gariepinus-from-gubi-dam-bauchi-state-nigeria . Accessed 11 Jul. 2020.

MLA7

Okolo, Victory. "STUDIES ON THE HAEMATOLOGICAL CHARACTERISTICS OF CLARIAS GARIEPINUS FROM GUBI DAM, BAUCHI STATE, NIGERIA". Afribary.com, Afribary.com, 26 Mar. 2018. Web. 11 Jul. 2020. < https://afribary.com/works/studies-on-the-haematological-characteristics-of-clarias-gariepinus-from-gubi-dam-bauchi-state-nigeria >.

Chicago

Okolo, Victory. "STUDIES ON THE HAEMATOLOGICAL CHARACTERISTICS OF CLARIAS GARIEPINUS FROM GUBI DAM, BAUCHI STATE, NIGERIA" Afribary.com (2018). Accessed July 11, 2020. https://afribary.com/works/studies-on-the-haematological-characteristics-of-clarias-gariepinus-from-gubi-dam-bauchi-state-nigeria