Unemployment in Tanzania is a problem that has brought severe impacts on lives of
many youths. The rapid growth of labour force and the inability of the economy to
generate enough jobs for youths is a time bomb which is being left undiffused and is
likely to explode and shatter peace and economic growth that the country has been
enjoying since independence. This problem has and continues to draw great attention
of national, international bodies and scholars in looking for solutions. Due to severity
of the problem, this study on the contribution of local government authorities in
addressing youth unemployment was conducted in Dodoma municipality with the
aim of suggesting solutions to this problem. The study focused on efforts being made
by local authorities in addressing the causes, effects and magnitude of youth
Primary data were collected using interviews, questionnaires and focus group
discussions. Secondary data were collected from books, journals/articles and
dissertations. Quantitative data were analyzed using SPSS software version 16.0
where outputs from descriptive statistics and frequencies were used. Qualitative data
were analyzed through description and explanations.
Findings revealed that many youths were subjected to unemployment due to poor
capital to invest in self-initiated economic activities, poor support from local
government authorities and insufficient knowledge on entrepreneurship as one of the
basic skill towards self-employment. It was found that many youths were engaged
activities such as petty trading “machinga”, cloth selling “mitumba”, vegetable
selling and “bodaboda” transport. These activities did not provide sustainable
solution for unemployment. Others eventually ended up in illegal and unlawful
practices such as drug abuse, prostitution, social violence and robbery. It was only
21.4% of youths who got economic support from the municipality.
It was finally recommended that local government authorities had to put more efforts
in initiating, supporting and sustaining youth income generating projects as the best
strategy to increase employment opportunities.
SSA, R (2021). The Contribution Of Local Government Authorities In Addressing Youth Unemployment In Tanzania: A Case Of Dodoma Municipality. Afribary.com: Retrieved May 10, 2021, from https://afribary.com/works/the-contribution-of-local-government-authorities-in-addressing-youth-unemployment-in-tanzania-a-case-of-dodoma-municipality
Research, SSA. "The Contribution Of Local Government Authorities In Addressing Youth Unemployment In Tanzania: A Case Of Dodoma Municipality" Afribary.com. Afribary.com, 27 Apr. 2021, https://afribary.com/works/the-contribution-of-local-government-authorities-in-addressing-youth-unemployment-in-tanzania-a-case-of-dodoma-municipality . Accessed 10 May. 2021.
Research, SSA. "The Contribution Of Local Government Authorities In Addressing Youth Unemployment In Tanzania: A Case Of Dodoma Municipality". Afribary.com, Afribary.com, 27 Apr. 2021. Web. 10 May. 2021. < https://afribary.com/works/the-contribution-of-local-government-authorities-in-addressing-youth-unemployment-in-tanzania-a-case-of-dodoma-municipality >.
Research, SSA. "The Contribution Of Local Government Authorities In Addressing Youth Unemployment In Tanzania: A Case Of Dodoma Municipality" Afribary.com (2021). Accessed May 10, 2021. https://afribary.com/works/the-contribution-of-local-government-authorities-in-addressing-youth-unemployment-in-tanzania-a-case-of-dodoma-municipality